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The 777 Greatest Novels of All Time

This selection of works is based on the continuing research carried out for The Greatest Literature of All Time list with additional research into sources concerning novels.

Critics often disagree over what constitutes a novel. For this list, a novel is held to be a fictional prose work of at least forty thousand words, though this is a rule of thumb more than a strict definition. It also includes early works that have sometimes been considered to precede novels and are called "prose narratives" or "romances".

The Greatest Novels of All Time list comprises only single novels. Novel series, such as trilogies, have their own separate list.

Latest update: June 11, 2024

c.50 CE
Callirhoe
Chariton
Greece, novel
c.60–70
Satyricon
Arbiter Petronius
Rome, novel
c.150
Daphne and Chloe
Longus
Greece, novel
 
The Golden Ass
Lucius Apuleius
Humidia, novel
c.1020
missing graphic
The Tale of Genji
Japan, novel
c.1200
The Prose Edda
Snorri Sturlson
Iceland, novel
c.1220
The Tale of the Heike
Anonymous
Japan, novel
c.1360–1400
Romance of the Three Kingdoms
Luo Guanzhong
China, novel
c.1360–1589
Water Margin
Shi Nai'an, Luo Guanzhong
China, novel
1485
Le Morte d'Arthur
Thomas Malory
England, novel
1499
La Celestina
Fernando de Rojas
Spain, novel

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1532
Pantagruel
Francois Rabelais
France, novel
1534
Gargantua
Francois Rabelais
France, novel
1580–1581
Arcadia
Philip Sidney
England, novel
c.1590
The Golden Lotus
Lanling Xiaoxiao Sheng
China, novel
1592
Journey to the West
Wu Cheng'en
China, novel
1594
The Unfortunate Traveller
Thomas Nashe
England, novel
1605
Investiture of the Gods
Xu Zhonglin
China, novel
1605–1615
missing graphic
Don Quixote
Spain, novel
1688
Simplicius Simplicissimus
Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen
Germany, novel
1678
The Pilgrim's Progress
John Bunyan
England, novel

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1719
missing graphic
Robinson Crusoe
Daniel Defoe
England, novel
1719–1720
Love in Excess
Eliza Haywood
England, novel
1722
Moll Flanders
Daniel Defoe
England, novel
1726
Gulliver's Travels
Jonathan Swift
Ireland, novel
1731
Manon Lescant
Antoine François Prévost
France, novel
1740
Pamela
Samuel Richardson
England, novel
1742
Joseph Andrews
Henry Fielding
England, novel
1748
Clarissa
Samuel Richardson
England, novel
1749
Tom Jones
Henry Fielding
England, novel
1750
The Scholars
Wu Jingzi
China, novel
1751
The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle
Tobias Smollett
England, novel
1752
The Female Quixote
Charlotte Lennox
Scotland, novel
1759–1767
missing graphic
Tristram Shandy
England, novel
1761
Julie; or, The New Heloise
Jean Jacques Rousseau
England, novel
1766
missing graphic
The Vicar of Wakefield
England, novel
1771
Humphrey Clinker
Tobias Smollett
England, novel
1774
missing graphic
The Sorrows of Young Werther
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Germany, novel
1778
Evelina
Fanny Burney
England, novel
1782
Dangerous Liaisons
Pierre Choderlos de Laclos
France, novel
1785
120 Days of Sodom
Marquis de Sade
France, novel
1791
Justine
Marquis de Sade
France, novel
1791–1792
The Dream of the Red Chamber
Cao Zhan
China, novel
1792
The Nun
Denis Diderot
France, novel
1794
The Mysteries of Udolpho
Ann Radcliffe
England, novel
1795–1796
William Meister's Apprenticeship
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Germany, novel
1796
Camilla
Fanny Burney
England, novel
 
The Monk
Matthew Lewis
England, novel
 
Jacques the Fatalist and His Master
Denis Diderot
France, novel
1797–1799
Hyperion
Friedrich Holderlin
Germany, novel

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1807
Corinne
Germaine de Staël
France, novel
1809
Elective Affinities
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Germany, novel
1811
missing graphic
Sense and Sensibility
England, novel
1812
Swiss Family Robinson
Johann David Wyss
Switzer., novel
1813
missing graphic
Pride and Prejudice
England, novel
1814
missing graphic
Mansfield Park
England, novel
 
Waverley
Walter Scott
Scotland, novel
1815
missing graphic
Emma
England, novel
1816
Adolphe
Benjamin Constant
Switzerland, novel
1817
England, novel
 
Persuasion
England, novel
 
Rob Roy
Walter Scott
Scotland, novel
1818
missing graphic
Frankenstein
England, novel
1819
Ivanhoe
Walter Scott
Scotland, novel
1819–1821
The Life and Opinions of Tomcat Murr
E.T.A. Hoffmann
Germany, novel
1820
Melmoth the Wanderer
Charles Maturin
Ireland, novel
1826
The Last of the Mohicans
James Fenimore Cooper
United States, novel
1827
Flowers in a Mirror
Li Ruzhen
China, novel
1827–1842
The Betrothed
Alessandro Manzoni
Italy, novel
1831
The Red and the Black
Stendhal
France, novel
 
missing graphic
The Hunchback of Notre-Dame
Victor-Marie Hugo
France, novel
1833
Eugénie Grandet
Honoré de Balzac
France, novel
1834
Old Goriot
Honore de Balzac
France, novel
 
missing graphic
The Last Days of Pompeii
England, novel
1836
The Captain's Daughter
Alexander Pushkin
Russia, novel
1837–1843
Lost Illusions
Honoré de Balzac
France, novel
1838
missing graphic
Oliver Twist
England, novel
1839
missing graphic
Nicholas Nickleby
England, novel
 
The Charterhouse of Parma
Stendhal
France, novel
1840
A Hero of Our Time
Mikhail Lermontov
Russia, novel
1841
The Deerslayer
James Fenimore Cooper
United States, novel
1842
Dead Souls
Nikolai Gogol
Ukraine, novel
1843–1847
A Harlot High and Low
Honoré de Balzac
France, novel
1844
The Luck of Barry Lyndon
William Makepeace Thackeray
England, novel
 
The Three Musketeers
Alexandre Dumas
France, novel
1844–1846
The Count of Monte-Cristo
Alexandre Dumas
France, novel
1846
Cousin Bette
Honoré de Balzac
France, novel
 
The Devil's Pool
George Sand
France, novel
1847
missing graphic
Jane Eyre
England, novel
 
missing graphic
Wuthering Heights
England, novel
1848
The Tenant of Wildfell Hall
Anne Brontë
England, novel
 
Vanity Fair
William Makepeace Thackeray
England, novel
1850
missing graphic
David Copperfield
England, novel
 
missing graphic
The Scarlet Letter
Nathaniel Hawthorne
United States, novel
1851
Moby Dick
Herman Melville
United States, novel
 
The House of Seven Gables
Nathaniel Hawthorne
United States, novel
1852
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Harriet Beecher Stowe
United States, novel
1853
missing graphic
Villette
England, novel
 
missing graphic
Bleak House
England, novel
 
Cranford
Elizabeth Gaskell
England, novel
1854
missing graphic
Hard Times
England, novel
1855
North and South
Elizabeth Gaskell
England, novel
 
The Warden
Anthony Trollope
England, novel
1857
missing graphic
Madame Bovary
Gustave Flaubert
France, novel
 
Barchester Towers
Anthony Trollope
England, novel
 
missing graphic
Little Dorrit
England, novel
1859
missing graphic
A Tale of Two Cities
England, novel
 
The Virginians
William Makepeace Thackeray
England, novel
 
Oblomov
Ivan Alexandrovich Goncharov
Russia, novel
 
Home of the Gentry
Ivan Turgenev
Russia, novel
1860
missing graphic
The Woman in White
England, novel
 
missing graphic
George Eliot
England, novel
 
Max Havelaar
Multatuli
Holland, novel
1861
missing graphic
Great Expectations
England, novel
 
Silas Marner
England, novel
1862
missing graphic
Les Misérables
Victor-Marie Hugo
France, novel
 
Fathers and Sons
Ivan Turgenev
Russia, novel
1863
Romola
England, novel
1864
missing graphic
A Journey to the Centre of the Earth
Jules Verne
France, novel
1865
Our Mutual Friend
England, novel
1865–1869
missing graphic
War and Peace
Leo Tolstoy
Russia, novel
1866
Crime and Punishment
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Russia, novel
1868
missing graphic
The Moonstone
England, novel
 
Therese Raquin
Émile Zola
France, novel
1868–1869
missing graphic
Little Women
Louisa May Alcott
United States, novel
1869
Lorna Doone
Richard Blackmore
England, novel
 
Phineas Finn
Anthony Trollope
England, novel
 
A Sentimental Education
Gustave Flaubert
France, novel
1870
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea
Jules Verne
France, novel
&1872;
missing graphic
Erewhon
England, novel
 
missing graphic
Middlemarch
England, novel
 
The Possessed
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Russia, novel
1873
Around the World in Eighty Days
Jules Verne
France, novel
1874
missing graphic
Far from the Madding Crowd
England, novel
 
The Idiot
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Russia, novel
 
Anna Karenina
Leo Tolstoy
Russia, novel
1875
The Way We Live Now
Anthony Trollope
England, novel
1876
Daniel Deronda
George Eliot
England, novel
 
missing graphic
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
Mark Twain
United States, novel
1877
Black Beauty
Anna Sewell
England, novel
 
The Drunkard
Émile Zola
France, novel
1879
The Red Room
August Strindberg
Sweden, novel
1880
Nana
Émile Zola
France, novel
 
The Brothers Karamazov
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Russia, novel
 
Ben-Hur
Lew Wallace
United States, novel
1881
The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cuba
Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis
Brazil, novel
 
Bouvard and Pécuchet
Gustave Flaubert
France, novel
 
The House by the Medlar Tree
Giovanni Verga
Italy, novel
 
The Portrait of a Lady
Henry James
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
The Prince and the Pauper
Mark Twain
United States, novel
1883
A Woman's Life
Guy de Maupassant
France, novel
 
missing graphic
Treasure Island
Scotland, novel
1884
Against Nature
Joris-Karl Huysmans
France, novel
1884
missing graphic
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Mark Twain
United States, novel
1885
King Solomon's Mines
H. Rider Haggard
England, novel
 
Marius the Epicurean
Walter Pater
England, novel
 
Bel Ami
Guy de Maupassant
France, novel
 
Germinal
Émile Zola
France, novel
1886
missing graphic
The Mayor of Casterbridge
England, novel
 
Compassion
Benito Pérez Galdós
Spain, novel
 
missing graphic
Kidnapped
Scotland, novel
1887
She
H. Rider Haggard
England, novel
1888
A Study in Scarlet
England, novel
 
The Maias
José Maria Eça de Queirós
Japan, novel
1889
Three Men in a Boat
Jerome K. Jerome
England, novel
 
missing graphic
A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court
Mark Twain
United States, novel
1890
The Beast Within
Émile Zola
France, novel
1891
missing graphic
Tess of the D'Urbervilles
England, novel
 
News from Nowhere
William Morris
England, novel
 
missing graphic
The Picture of Dorian Gray
Oscar Wilde
Ireland, novel
1892
The Diary of a Nobody
George and Weedon Grossmith
England, novel
1893
The Adventures of Pinocchio
Carlo Collodi
Italy, novel
1895
Effi Briest
Theodor Fontane
Germany, novel
 
missing graphic
The Red Badge of Courage
United States, novel
1896
missing graphic
Jude the Obscure
England, novel
 
The Bostonians
Henry James
England, novel
 
The Island of Doctor Moreau
H.G. Wells
England, novel
1897
Captains Courageous
Rudyard Kipling
England, novel
 
The Invisible Man
H.G. Wells
England, novel
 
missing graphic
Dracula
Ireland, novel
 
Pharaoh
Boleslaw Prus
Poland, novel
1898
The War of the Worlds
H.G. Wells
England, novel
 
The Stechlin
Theodor Fontane
Germany, novel
1899
Hunger
Knut Hamsun
Norway, novel
 
The Awakening
Kate Chopin
United States, novel
1900
missing graphic
Lord Jim
England, novel
 
Sister Carrie
Theodore Dreiser
United States, novel

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1901
My Brilliant Career
Miles Franklin
Australia, novel
 
Rudyard Kipling
England, novel
 
Buddenbrooks
Germany, novel
 
Resurrection
Leo Tolstoy
Russia, novel
1902
Rebellion in the Backlands
Euclides da Cunha
Brazil, nonfiction novel
 
missing graphic
The Hound of the Baskervilles
England, novel
 
The Wings of the Dove
Henry James
United States, novel
1905–1928
A Flower in a Sinful Sea
Jin Tianhe, Zeng Pu
China, novel
1903
The Way of All Flesh
England, novel
 
The Riddle of the Sands
Erskine Childers
England, novel
 
The Ambassadors
Henry James
United States, novel
1904
Nostromo
England, novel
 
The Golden Bowl
Henry James
United States, novel
1905
Professor Unrat
Heinrich Mann
Germany, novel
 
The House of Mirth
Edith Wharton
United States, novel
1906
The Confusions of Young Törless
Robert Musil
England, Austria
 
missing graphic
The Man of Property
England, novel
 
The Jungle
Upton Sinclair
United States, novel
1907
The Travels of Lao Can
Liu E
China, novel
 
missing graphic
The Secret Agent
England, novel
 
Mother
Maxim Gorky
Russia, novel
1908
Anne of Green Gables
L.M. Montgomery
Canada, novel
 
The Old Wives' Tale
Arnold Bennett
England, novel
 
missing graphic
The Man Who Was Thursday
England, novel
 
A Room With a View
E.M. Forster
England, novel
 
The Wind in the Willows
Kenneth Grahame
England, novel
1910
Howards End
E.M. Forster
England, novel
1911
missing graphic
Under Western Eyes
England, novel
1912
Zuleika Dobson
Max Beerbohm
England, novel
1913
Sons and Lovers
D.H. Lawrence
England, novel
 
Le Grand Meaulnes
Alain-Fournier
France, novel
 
Petersburg
Andrei Bely
Russia, novel
 
O Pioneers!
United States, novel
1913–1927
In Search of Lost Time
Marcel Proust
France, novel
seven volumes, including Swann's Way, In the Shadow of Young Girls in Flower, The Guermantes Way, Time Regained
1914
Locus Solus
Raymond Rousel
CFrance, novel
 
The Ragged-Trousered Philanthropist
Robert Tressell
Ireland, novel
 
Kokoro
Sōseki Natsume
Japan, novel
 
Tarzan of the Apes
Edgar Rice Burroughs
United States, novel
1915
The Rainbow
D.H. Lawrence
England, novel
 
The Good Soldier
Ford Maddox Ford
England, novel
 
Of Human Bondage
W. Somerset Maughham
England, novel
 
missing graphic
The Thirty-Nine Steps
Scotland, novel
1916
The Home and the World
Rabindranath Tagore
Bengal, novel
 
France, novel
 
The Underdogs
Mariano Azuela
Mexico, novel
1917
The Charwoman's Daughter
James Stephens
Ireland, novel
1918
missing graphic
My Ántonia
United States, novel
1920
The Wreath
Sigrid Unset
Norway, novel
 
missing graphic
Main Street
Sinclair Lewis
United States, novel
1920–1923
The Good Soldier Schweik
Jaroslav Hasek
Czechia, novel
1921
Women in Love
D.H. Lawrence
England, novel
 
The Age of Innocence
Edith Wharton
United States, novel
1922
Ireland, novel
 
The Worm Ouroboros
E.R. Eddison
England, novel
 
Babbitt
Sinclair Lewis
United States, novel
1923
The Confessions of Zeno
Italo Svevo
Italy, novel
 
Chapayev
Dmitry Furmanov
Russia, novel
1924
The Magic Mountain
Germany, novel
 
A Passage to India
E.M. Forster
England, novel
 
We
Yevgeny Zamyatin
Russia, novel
1925
The Trial
Franz Kafka
Czech., novel
 
The Murder of Roger Ackroyd
England, novel
 
Parade's End
Ford Maddox Ford
England, novel
 
England, novel
 
The Counterfeiters
André Gide
France, novel
 
The Professor's House
United States, novel
 
An American Tragedy
Theodore Dreiser
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
The Great Gatsby
United States, novel
1926
The Castle
Franz Kafka
Czechia, novel
 
Under Satan's Sun
Georges Bernanos
France, novel
 
missing graphic
The Sun Also Rises
United States, novel
1927
England, novel
 
Envy
Yuri Olesha
Russia, novel
 
Steppenwolf
Herman Hesse
Switzerland, novel
 
missing graphic
Death Comes for the Archbishop
United States, novel
1928
Lady Chatterley's Lover
D.H. Lawrence
England, novel
 
Orlando
Virginia Woolf
England, novel
 
Nadja
André Breton
France, novel
 
And Quiet Flows the Don
Mikhail Sholokov
Russia, novel
 
Quicksand
Nella Larsen
United States, novel
1929
A High Wind in Jamaica
Richard Hughes
England, novel
 
The Holy Terrors
Jean Cocteau
France, novel
 
Berlin Alexanderplatz
Alfred Döblin
Germany, novel
 
missing graphic
All Quiet on the Western Front
Germany, novel
 
The Time of Indifference
Alberto Moravia
Italy, novel
 
Some Prefer Nettles
Jun'ichiro Tanizaki
Japan, novel
 
The Sound and the Fury
William Faulkner
United States, novel
 
Red Harvest
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
A Farewell to Arms
United States, novel
 
Look Homeward, Angel
Thomas Wolfe
United States, novel
1930
The Foundation Pit
Andrey Platonov
Russia, novel
 
The 42nd Parallel
John Dos Passos
United States, novel
 
As I Lay Dying
William Faulkner
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
The Maltese Falcon
United States, novel
1930–1943
The Man Without Qualities
Robert Musil
Austria, novel
1931
The Waves
England, novel
 
missing graphic
The Good Earth
Pearl S. Buck
United States, novel
 
At the Mountains of Madness
H.P. Lovecraft
United States, novel
1932
missing graphic
Brave New World
England, novel
 
Journey to the End of the Night
Louis-Ferdinand Céline
France, novel
 
Viper's Tangle
Francois Mauriac
France, novel
 
Tobacco Road
Erskine Caldwell
United States, novel
 
Light in August
William Faulkner
United States, novel
1933
Man's Fate
André Malraux
France, novel
 
The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas
Gertrude Stein
United States, novel
1934
missing graphic
Murder on the Orient Express
England, novel
 
missing graphic
I, Claudius
England, novel
 
The Nine Tailors
Dorothy L. Sayers
England, novel
 
A Handful of Dust
Evelyn Waugh
England, novel
 
How the Steel Was Tempered
Nikolai Ostrovsky
Ukraine, novel
 
missing graphic
Tender Is the Night
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
The Thin Man
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
Appointment in Samarra
United States, novel
 
Tropic of Cancer
Henry Miller
United States, novel
1934–1935
Independent People
Halldór Laxness
Iceland, novel
1935
The Tower of Babels
Elias Canetti
Belgium, novel
 
missing graphic
Gaudy Night
Dorothy L. Sayers
England, novel
 
Untouchable
Mulk Raj Anand
India, novel
 
Call It Sleep
Henry Roth
United States, novel
 
Invitation to a Beheading
Vladimir Nabokov
Russia, novel
 
Nightwood
Djuna Barnes
United States, novel
 
Absalom, Absalom!
William Faulkner
United States, novel
 
Gone with the Wind
Margaret Mitchell
United States, novel
1937
Rickshaw Boy
Lao She
China, novel
 
The Hobbit
J.R.R. Tolkien
England, novel
 
The Blind Owl
Sadegh Hedayat
Iran, novel
 
Their Eyes Were Watching God
Zora Neale Hurston
United States, novel
1938
Rebecca
Daphne du Maurier
England, novel
 
Brighton Rock
Graham Greene
England, novel
 
Scoop
Evelyn Waugh
England, novel
 
The Years
England, novel
 
The Code of the Woosters
P.G. Wodehouse
England, novel
 
Nausea
Jean-Paul Sartre
France, novel
 
The Death of the Heart
Elizabeth Bowen
Ireland, novel
1939
The Mask of Dimitrios
Eric Ambler
England, novel
 
missing graphic
And Then There Were None
England, novel
 
missing graphic
Finnegans Wake
Ireland, novel
 
At Swim-Two-Birds
Flann O'Brien
Ireland, novel
 
The Day of the Locust
Nathanael West
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
The Grapes of Wrath
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
The Big Sleep
United States, novel
1940
The Invention of Morel
Adolfo Bioy Casares
Argentina, novel
 
The Man Who Loved Children
Christina Stead
Australia, novel
 
The Power and the Glory
Graham Greene
England, novel
 
England, novel
 
The Tartar Steppe
Dino Buzzati
Italy, novel
 
Farewell My Lovely
United States, novel
 
For Whom the Bell Tolls
United States, novel
 
The Heart is a Lonely Hunter
Carson McCullers
United States, novel
 
Native Son
Richard Wright
United States, novel
1941
James M. Cain
United States, novel
1943
The Fountainhead
Ayn Rand
United States, novel
1944
The Horse's Mouth
Joyce Cary
England, novel
 
Aurélien
Louis Aragon
France, novel
 
Our Lady of the Flowers
Jean Genet
France, novel
 
The Makioka Sisters
Jun'ichirō Tanizaki
Japan, novel
1945
The Tin Flute
Gabrielle Roy
Canada, novel
 
Loving
Henry Green
England, novel
 
missing graphic
Brideshead Revisited
Evelyn Waugh
England, novel
 
The Glass Bead Game
Herman Hesse
Switzerland, novel
1946
Titus Groan
Mervyn Peake
England, novel
 
Zorba the Greek
Nikos Kazantzakis
Greece, novel
 
All the King's Men
Robert Penn Warren
United States, novel
 
The Bridge on the Drina
Ivo Andrić
Yugoslavia, novel
1947
A Case to Answer
Edgar Lustgarten
England, novel
 
Under the Volcano
Malcolm Lowry
England, novel
 
Froth on the Daydream
Boris Vian
France, novel
 
Doctor Faustus
Thomas Mann
Germany, novel
1948
missing graphic
The Heart of the Matter
Graham Greene
England, novel
 
All About H. Hatterr
G.V. Desani
England, novel
 
Snow Country
Yasunari Kawabata
Japan, novel
 
The Franchise Affair
Josephine Tey
Scotland, novel
 
Cry, the Beloved Country
Alan Paton
South Africa, novel
 
missing graphic
The Naked and the Dead
United States, novel
1949
The Kingdom of This World
Alejo Carpentier
Cuba, novel
 
missing graphic
Nineteen Eighty-Four
England, novel
 
The Emigrants
Vilhelm Moberg
Sweden, novel
 
Confessions of a Mask
Yukio Mishima
Japan, novel
 
The Man With the Golden Arm
Nelson Algren
United States, novel
 
The Sheltering Sky
Paul Bowles
United States, novel
 
England, novel
 
The Moon and the Bonfires
Cesare Pavese
Italy, novel
 
Barrabas
Pär Lagerkvist
Sweden, novel
 
Strangers on a Train
Patricia Highsmith
United States, novel
1951
Memoirs of Hadrian
Marguerite Yourcenar
Belgium, novel
 
The End of the Affair
Graham Greene
England, novel
 
The Day of the Triffids
John Wyndham
England, novel
 
The Opposing Shore
Julien Gracq
France, novel
 
Samuel Beckett
Molloy
Ireland, novel
 
The Daughter of Time
Josephine Tey
Scotland, novel
 
missing graphic
Foundation
United States, novel
 
From Here to Eternity
James Jones
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
The Catcher in the Rye
United States, novel
1952
Thousand Cranes
Yasunari Kawabata
Japan, novel
 
The Palm-Wine Drunkard
Amos Tutuola
Nigeria, novel
 
Invisible Man
Ralph Ellison
United States, novel
 
Wise Blood
Flannery O'Connor
United States, novel
 
East of Eden
United States, novel
 
Charlotte's Web
E.B. White
United States, novel
1953
Childhood's End
Arthur C. Clarke
England, novel
 
The Go-Between
L.P. Hartley
England, novel
 
The Adventures of Augie March
Saul Bellow
United States, novel
 
The Demolished Man
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
Fahrenheit 451
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
The Long Goodbye
United States, novel
1954
Lucky Jim
Kingsley Amis
England, novel
 
Lord of the Flies
William Golding
England, novel
 
Under the Net
Iris Murdoch
England, novel
 
The Mandarins
Simone de Beauvoir
France, novel
 
I'm Not Stiller
Max Frisch
Switzerland, novel
 
Nectar in a Sieve
Kamala Markandaya
India, novel
 
Go Tell It on the Mountain
James Baldwin
United States, novel
1954–1955
Lord of the Rings
J.R.R. Tolkien
England, novel
1955
missing graphic
Graham Greene
England, novel
 
missing graphic
Lolita
Vladimir Nabokov
Russia, novel
 
The Recognitions
William Gaddis
United States, novel
 
The Talented Mr. Ripley
Patricia Highsmith
United States, novel
1956
The Devil to Pay in the Backlands
João Guimarães Rosa
Brazil, novel
 
The Temple of the Golden Pavilion
Yukio Mishima
Japan, novel
 
United States, novel
 
Giovanni's Room
James Baldwin
United States, novel
1957
Voss
Patrick White
Australia, novel
 
Justine
Laurence Durrell
England, novel
 
From Russia With Love
Ian Fleming
England, novel
 
On the Beach
England, novel
 
Jealousy
Alain Robbe-Grillet
France, novel
 
Pnin
Vladimir Nabokov
Russia, novel
 
Doctor Zhivago
Boris Pasternak
Russia, novel
 
The Wapshot Chronicle
John Cheever
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
On the Road
United States, novel
 
Atlas Shrugged
Ayn Rand
United States, novel
1958
Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon
Jorge Amado
Brazil, novel
 
The Guide
R.K. Narayan
India, novel
 
The Leopard
Giusseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa
Italy, novel
 
Things Fall Apart
Chinua Achebe
Nigeria, novel
 
The Once and Future King
T.H. White
England, novel
 
Saturday Night and Sunday Morning
Alan Sillitoe
England, novel
1959
The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz
Mordecai Richler
Canada, novel
 
The Golden Notebook
Doris Lessing
England, novel
 
Zazie in the Zoo
Raymond Queneau
France, novel
 
Billiards at Half Past Nine
Heinrich Böll
Germany, novel
 
The Tin Drum
Günter Grass
Germany, novel
 
Henderson the Rain King
Saul Bellow
United States, novel
 
Naked Lunch
William S. Burroughs
United States, novel
 
A Separate Peace
John Knowles
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
The Galton Case
United States, novel
1960
A Canticle for Leibowitz
Walter M. Miller
United States, novel
 
Rabbit, Run
John Updike
United States, novel
 
United States, novel
1961
Solaris
Stanislaw Lem
Poland, novel
 
The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie
Muriel Spark
Scotland, novel
 
A House for Mr Biswas
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad, novel
 
Catch-22
Joseph Heller
United States, novel
 
The Moviegoer
Walker Percy
United States, novel
 
Franny and Zooey
J.D. Salinger
United States, novel
 
Revolutionary Road
Richard Yates
United States, novel
1962
The Death of Artemio Cruz
Carlos Fuentes
Mexico, novel
 
Pale Fire
Vladimir Nabokov
Russia, novel
 
A Clockwork Orange
Anthony Burgess
England, novel
 
A Wrinkle in Time
Madeleine L'Engle
United States, novel
 
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
Ken Kesey
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
The Man in the High Castle
United States, novel
1963
The General of the Dead Army
Ismail Kadare
Albania, novel
 
Hopscotch
Julio Cortazar
Argentina, novel
 
The Spy Who Came in from the Cold
John le Carré
England, novel
 
V.
Thomd Pynchon
United States, novel
 
Cat's Cradle
Kurt Vonnegut
United States, novel
1964
Canada, novel
 
The Ravishing of Lol Stein
Marguerite Duras
France, novel
 
Arrow of God
Chinua Achebe
Nigeria, novel
 
Herzog
Saul Bellow
United States, novel
1965
missing graphic
Dune
Frank Herbert
United States, novel
 
Things
Georges Perec
France, novel
1966
missing graphic
Beautiful Losers
Canada, novel
 
A Jest of God
Canada, novel
 
The Magus
John Fowles
England, novel
 
Black Sheep
Georgette Heyer
England, novel
 
Wide Sargasso Sea
Jean Rhys
England, novel
 
Silence
Shūsaku Endō
Japan, novel
 
Season of Migration to the North
Tayeb Salih
Sudan, novel
 
In Cold Blood
Truman Capote
United States, nonfiction novel
 
Flowers for Algernon
Daniel Keyes
United States, novel
1967
Picnic at Hanging Rock
Joan Lindsay
Australia, novel
 
One Hundred Years of Solitude
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia, novel
 
Children of Gebelawi
Naguib Mahfouz
Egypt, novel
 
The Third Policeman
Flann O'Brien
Ireland, novel
 
The Master and Margarita
Mikhail Bulgakov
Russia, novel
 
Babel-17
Samuel R. Delany
United States, novel
 
The Outsiders
S.E. Hinton
United States, novel
 
The Confessions of Nat Turner
William Styron
United States, novel
 
Lord of Light
Roger Zelazny
United States, novel
1968
2001: A Space Odyssey
Arthur C. Clarke
England, novel
 
The German Lesson
Siegfried Lenz
Germany, novel
 
The Quest for Christa T.
Christa Wolf
Germany, novel
 
Cancer Ward
Alexander Solzhenitsyn
Russia, novel
 
The First Circle
Alexander Solzhenitsyn
Russia, novel
 
Belle du Seigneur
Albert Cohen
Switzerland, novel
 
Stand on Zanzibar
John Brunner
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
A Wizard of Earthsea
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
The Armies of the Night
United States, novel
 
Myra Breckinridge
Gore Vidal
United States, novel
1969
Little Painted Mouths
Manuel Puig
Argentina, novel
 
missing graphic
The French Lieutenant's Woman
John Fowles
England, novel
 
Master and Commander
Patrick O'Brian
England, novel
 
A Void
Georges Perec
France, novel
 
Ada or Ardor
Vladimir Nobokov
Russia, novel
 
Ubik
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
The Left Hand of Darkness
United States, novel
 
them
Joyce Carol Oates
United States, novel
 
The Godfather
Mario Puzo
United States, novel
 
United States, novel
 
Slaughterhouse Five
Kurt Vonnegut
United States, novel
1970
Fifth Business
Robertson Davies
Canada, novel
 
Troubles
J.G. Farrell
England, novel
 
Deliverance
James Dickey
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
Ringworld
Larry Niven
United States, novel
1971
The Day of the Jackal
Frederick Forsyth
England, novel
 
In a Free State
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad, novel
 
The Bell Jar
Sylvia Plath
United States, novel
 
Angle of Repose
Wallace Stegner
United States, novel
 
Rabbit Redux
John Updike
United States, novel
1972
Watership Down
Richard Adams
United States, novel
 
Rendezvous With Rama
Arthur C. Clarke
England, novel
 
The Twilight Years
Sawako Ariyoshi
Japan, novel
 
Roadside Picnic
Arkady and Boris Strugatski
Russia, novel
 
The Gods Themselves
Isaac Asimov
United States, novel
 
Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas
Hunter S. Thompson
United States, novel
1973
The Siege of Krishnapur
J.G. Farrell
England, novel
 
Gravity's Rainbow
Thomas Pynchon
United States, novel
1974
missing graphic
The Diviners
Canada, novel
 
Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy
John le Carré
England, novel
 
History: A Novel
Elsa Morante
Italy, novel
 
The Forever War
Joe Halderman
United States, novel
 
The Dispossessed
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance
United States, novel
 
Dog Soldiers
Robert Stone
United States, novel
1975
Correction
Thomas Bernhard
Austria, novel
 
The Autumn of the Patriarch
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia, novel
 
W, or the Memory of Childhood
Georges Perec
France, novel
 
Humboldt's Gift
Saul Bellow
United States, novel
 
Ragtime
E.L. Doctorow
United States, novel
 
Interview With the Vampire
Anne Rice
United States, novel
1976
Bear
Marian Engel
Canada, novel
1977
Monkey Grip
Helen Garner
Australia, novel
 
The Thorn Birds
Colleen McCullough
Australia, novel
 
The Hour of the Star
Clarice Lispector
Brazil, novel
 
The Wars
Timothy Findley
Canada, novel
 
Aunt Julia and the Script-Writer
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru, novel
 
Falconer
John Cheever
United States, novel
 
Song of Solomon
Toni Morrison
United States, novel
 
Gateway
Frederick Pohl
United States, novel
1978
missing graphic
Eye of the Needle
Ken Follett
England, novel
 
The Sea, the Sea
Iris Murdoch
England, novel
 
Life a User's Manual
Georges Perecs
France, novel
 
missing graphic
The World According to Garp
United States, novel
 
Going After Cacciato
Tim O'Brien
United States, novel
1979
missing graphic
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy
England, novel
 
Smiley's People
John Le Carré
England, novel
 
If on a Winter's Night a Traveler
Italo Calvino
Italy, novel
 
A Bend in the River
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad, novel
 
Burger's Daughter
Nadine Gordimer
South Africa, novel
 
The Executioner's Song
United States, nonfiction novel
 
Sophie's Choice
William Styron
United States, novel
1980
Clear Light of Day
Anita Desai
India, novel
 
The Name of the Rose
Umberto Eco
Italy, novel
 
So Long a Letter
Miriam Bâ
Senegal, novel
 
Waiting for the Barbarians
J.M. Coetzee
South Africa, novel
 
Life and Fate
Vasily Grossman
Ukraine, novel
 
The Mists of Avalon
Marion Zimmer Bradley
United States, novel
 
So Long, See You Tomorrow
William Maxwell
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
A Confederacy of Dunces
United States, novel
1981
Obasan
Joy Kogawa
Canada, novel
 
Lanark
Alasdair Graye
Scotland, novel
 
Midnight's Children
Salman Rushdie
India, novel
 
The War of the End of the World
Mario Vargas Llosa
India, novel
 
July's People
Nadine Gordimer
South Africa, novel
 
Red Dragon
Thomas Harris
United States, novel
 
Rabbit Is Rich
John Updike
United States, novel
1982
Schindler's List
Thomas Keneally
Australia, novel
 
The House of the Spirits
Isabel Allende
Chile, novel
 
A Wild Sheep Chase
Haruki Murakami
Japan, novel
 
missing graphic
Baltasar and Blimunda
Portugal, novel
 
The Color Purple
Alice Walker
United States, novel
1983
Mr Palomar
Italo Calvino
Italy, novel
 
The Life and Times of Michael K
J.M. Coetzee
South Africa, novel
 
The Christmas Oratorio
Göran Tunström
Sweden, novel
 
Startide Rising
David Brin
United States, novel
 
LaBrava
Elmore Leonard
United States, novel
1984
Neuromancer
William Gibson
Canada, novel
 
The Unbearable Lightness of Being
Milan Kundera
Czechoslovakia, novel
 
Money
Martin Amis
England, novel
 
missing graphic
Empire of the Sun
J.G. Ballard
England, novel
 
Hotel du Lac
Anita Brookner
England, novel
 
The Year of the Death of Ricardo Reis
Portugal, novel
 
Bright Lights, Big City
Jay McInerney
United States, novel
1985
Annie John
Jamaica Kincaid
Antigua, novel
 
missing graphic
The Handmaid's Tale
Canada, novel
 
Half of Man Is Woman
Zhang Xianliang
China, novel
 
Love in the Time of Cholera
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia, novel
 
Perfume: The Story of a Murderer
Patrick Suskind
Germany, novel
 
White Noise
Don DeLillo
United States, novel
 
The Cider House Rules
United States, novel
 
Blood Meridian
Cormac McCarthy
United States, novel
 
Lonesome Dove
Larry McMurtry
United States, novel
 
The Accidental Tourist
Anne Tyler
United States, novel
 
Ender's Game
United States, novel
1986
An Artist of the Floating World
Kazuo Ishiguro
England, novel
 
A Dark-Adapted Eye
Barbara Vine
England, novel
 
Matigari
Ngugi Wa Thiong'o
Kenya, novel
1986–1987
Red Sorghum
Mo Yan
Canada, novel
1987
The Stone Diaries
Carol Shields
Canada, novel
 
In the Skin of a Lion
Michael Ondaatje
Canada, novel
 
The Radiant Way
Margaret Drabble
England, novel
 
Norwegian Wood
Haruki Murakami
Japan, novel
 
Ellen Foster
United States, novel
 
Misery
Stephen King
United States, novel
 
Beloved
Toni Morrison
United States, novel
 
The Bonfire of the Vanities
United States, novel
1988
Oscar and Lucinda
Peter Carey
Australia, novel
 
The Alchemist
Paulo Coelho
Brazil, novel
 
The Shadow Lines
Amitav Ghosh
India, novel
 
The Satanic Verses
Salman Rushdie
India, novel
 
Kitchen
Banana Yoshimoto
Japan, novel
 
Obabakoak
Bernard Atxaga
Spain, novel
 
The Joy Luck Club
Amy Tan
United States, novel
 
Breathing Lessons
Anne Tyler
United States, novel
 
Nervous Conditions
Dangarembga Tsitsi
Zimbabwe, novel
1989
The Remains of the Day
Kazuo Ishiguro
England, novel
 
London Fields
Martin Amis
England, novel
 
The Pillars of the Earth
Ken Follett
England, novel
 
The Quincunx
England, novel
 
The Great Indian Novel
Shashi Tharoor
India, novel
 
Like Water for Chocolate
Laura Esquivel
Mexico, novel
 
The Storyteller
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru, novel
 
A Prayer for Owen Meany
United States, novel
1990
Possession
A.S. Byatt
England, novel
 
Vertigo
W.G. Sebald
Germany, novel
 
Amongst Women
John MacGahern
Ireland, novel
 
The Eye of the World
Robert Jordan
United States, novel
 
Get Shorty
Elmore Leonard
United States, novel
1991
Cloudstreet
Tim Winton
Australia, novel
1991
Generation X
Douglas Coupland
Canada, novel
 
Wild Swans
Jung Chang
China, nonfiction novel
 
missing graphic
Regeneration
Pat Barker
England, novel
Includes Regeneration, The Eye in the Door, The Ghost Road
 
The Famished Road
Ben Okri
Nigeeria, novel
 
The Book of Disquiet
Fernando Pessoa
Portugal, novel
 
missing graphic
Harlot's Ghost
United States, novel
 
Mating
Norman Rush
United States, novel
 
The Kitchen God's Wife
Amy Tan
United States, novel
1992
The English Patient
Michael Ondaatje
Canada, novel
 
Smilla's Sense of Snow
Peter Høeg
Denmark, novel
 
The Emigrants
W.G. Sebald
Germany, novel
 
The Butcher Boy
Patrick McCabe
Ireland, novel
 
The Triple Mirror of the Self
Zulfikar Ghose
Pakistan, novel
 
The Crow Road
Iain Banks
Scotland, novel
 
All the Pretty Horses
Cormac McCarthy
United States, novel
1993
Remembering Babylon
David Malouf
Australia, novel
 
Green Grass, Running Water
Thomas King
Canada, novel
 
To Live
Yu Hua
China, novel
 
Birdsong
Sebastian Faulks
England, novel
 
A Suitable Boy
Vikram Seth
India, novel
 
Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha
Roddy Doyle
Ireland, novel
 
The Life of Insects
Victor Pelevin
Russia, novel
 
The Shipping News
Annie Proulx
United States, novel
1994
Of Love and Shadows
Isabel Allende
Chile, novel
 
Captain Corelli's Mandolin
Louis de Bernieres
England, novel
 
missing graphic
Felicia's Journey
Ireland, novel
 
How Late It Was, How Late
James Kelman
Scotland, novel
1994–1995
The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle
Haruki Murakami
Canada, novel
1995
A Fine Balance
Rohinton Mistry
Canada, novel
 
Northern Lights
Philip Pullman
England, novel
 
The Reader
Bernhard Schlink
Germany, novel
 
Blindness
Portugal, novel
1996
Alias Grace
Canada, novel
 
Fall on Your Knees
Ann-Marie MacDonald
Canada, novel
 
Fugitive Pieces
Anne Michaels
Canada, novel
 
Chapayev and Pustota
Victor Pelevin
Russia, novel
 
A Game of Thrones
George R.R. Martin
United States, novel
 
Infinite Jest
David Foster Wallace
United States, novel
1997
Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
J.K. Rowling
England, novel
 
The God of Small Things
Arundhati Roy
India, novel
 
Memoirs of a Geisha
Arthur Golden
United States, novel
 
Underworld
Don DeLillo
United States, novel
 
Cold Mountain
Charles Frazier
United States, novel
 
Mason and Dixon
Thomas Pynchon
United States, novel
 
Charming Billy
Alice McDermott
United States, novel
 
American Pastoral
United States, novel
1998
The Colony of Unrequited Dreams
Wayne Johnston
Canada, novel
 
The Savage Detectives
Roberto Bolaño
Chile, novel
 
Amsterdam
Ian McEwan
England, novel
 
The Elementary Particles
Michel Houellbecq
France, novel
 
My Name Is Red
Orhan Pamuk
Turkey, novel
 
The Hours
Michael Cunningham
United States, novel
 
The Poisonwood Bible
Barbara Kingsolver
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
A Man in Full
United States, novel
1999
No Great Mischief
Alistair MacLeod
Canada, novel
 
The Life and Times of Michael K
J.M. Coetzee
South Africa, novel
 
Waiting
Ha Jin
United States, novel
2000
True History of the Kelly Gang
Peter Carey
Australia, novel
 
missing graphic
The Blind Assassin
Canada, novel
 
White Teeth
Zadie Smith
England, novel
 
Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamtress
Dai Sijie
France, novel
 
The Feast of the Goat
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru, novel
 
Bartleby and Co
Enrique Vila-Matas
Peru, novel
 
The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay
Michael Chabon
United States, novel
 
missing graphic
The Human Stain
United States, novel
2000–2001
Persepolis
Marjane Satrapi
Iran, graphic novel

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2001
missing graphic
Clara Callan
Canada
 
American Gods
Neil Gaiman
England, novel
 
The Other Boleyn Girl
Philippa Gregory
England, novel
 
Austerlitz
W.G. Sebald
Germany, novel
 
The Corrections
Jonathan Franzen
United States, novel
 
Ian McEwan
England, novel
2002
Life of Pi
Yann Martel
Canada, novel
 
City of the Beasts
Isabel Allende
Chile, novel
 
Middlesex
Jeffrey Eugenides
United States, novel
 
Fingersmith
Sarah Waters
Wales, novel
2003
The Great Fire
Shirley Hazzard
Australia, novel
 
The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time
Mark Haddon
England, novel
 
The Housekeeper and the Professor
Yoko Ogawa
Japan, novel
 
The Kite Runner
Khaled Hosseini
United States, novel
 
The Known World
Edward P. Jones
United States, novel
 
The Time Traveler's Wife
Audrey Niffenegger
United States, novel
 
The Da Vinci Code
Dan Brown
United States, novel
 
Vernon God Little
DBC Pierre
United States, novel
2004
A Complicated Kindness
Mariam Toews
Canada, novel
 
2666
Roberto Bolaño
Chile, novel
 
Jonathan Strange & Mr. Norrell
Susanna Clarke
England, novel
 
The Line of Beauty
Michael Hollinghurst
England, novel
 
Cloud Atlas
David Mitchell
England, novel
 
The Master
Colm Tóibín
Ireland, novel
 
The News From Paraguay
Lily Tuck
United States, novel
2005
March
Geraldine Brooks
Australia, novel
 
The Book Thief
Markus Zusak
Australia, novel
 
missing graphic
Three Day Road
Jospeh Boyden
Canada, novel
 
Never Let Me Go
Kazuo Ishiguro
England, novel
 
Measuring the World
Daniel Kehlmann
Germany, novel
 
missing graphic
The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo
Stieg Larsson
Sweden, novel
 
The Sea
John Banville
Ireland, novel
 
Snow Flower and the Secret Fan
Lisa See
United States, novel
2006
The Elegance of the Hedgehog
Muriel Barbery
France, novel
 
The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas
John Boyne
Ireland, novel
 
Half of a Yellow Sun
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
Nigeria, novel
 
What Is the What
Dave Eggers
United States, nonfiction novel
 
The Road
Cormac McCarthy
United States, novel
2007
Late Nights on Air
Elizabeth Hay
Canada, novel
 
The Book of Negroes
Lawrence Hill
Canada, novel
 
Tree of Smoke
Denis Johnson
England, novel
 
The Gathering
Anne Enright
Ireland, novel
 
The Great Man
Kate Christenson
United States, novel
 
The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao
Junot Díaz
United States, novel
 
A Thousand Splendid Suns
Khaled Hosseini
United States, novel
 
The Name of the Wind
Patrick Rothfuss
United States, novel
2008
The Three-Body Problem
Liu Cixin
China, novel
 
White Tiger
Aravind Adiga
India, novel
 
The Hunger Games
Suzanne Collins
United States, novel
2009
February
Lisa Moore
Canada, novel
 
Shanghai Girls
Lisa See
United States, novel
 
Wolf Hall
Hilary Mantel
England, novel
 
Brooklyn
Colm Tóibín
Ireland, novel
 
Drive Your Plow Over the Bones of the Dead
Olga Tkarchuk
Poland, novel
 
The Magicians
Lev Grossman
United States, novel
 
Let the Great World Spin
Colum McCann
United States, novel
2009–2010
IQ84
Haruki Murakami
England, novel
2010
Room
Kathleen Winter
Canada, novel
 
Annabel
Kathleen Winter
Canada, novel
 
A Visit From the Goon Squad
Jennifer Egan
United States, novel
2011
The Sisters Brothers
Patrick DeWitt
Canada, novel
 
Half-Blood Blues
Esi Edugyan
Canada, novel
 
My Brilliant Friend
Elena Ferrante
Italy, novel
2012
Gone Girl
Gillian Flynn
United States, novel
2013
The Luminaries
Eleanor Catton
New Zealand, novel
 
Americanah
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
Nigeria, novel
2014
A Brief History of Seven Killings
Marlon James
Jamaica, novel
 
All the Light We Cannot See
Anthony Doerr
United States, novel
2015
The Sellout
Paul Beatty
United States, novel
 
The Fifth Season
N.K. Jemisin
United States, novel
2016
Days Without End
Sebastian Barry
Ireland, novel
 
The Underground Railroad
Colson Whitehead
United States, novel
2017
The Changeling
Victor LaValle
United States, novel
 
Lincoln in the Bardo
George Saunders
United States, novel
 
Sing, Unburied, Sing
Jesmyn Ward
United States, novel
2018
Normal People
Sally Rooney
Ireland, novel
 
Milkman
Anna Burns
Northern Ireland, novel

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