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The Greatest Novels

Greatest Novels | Greatest Novellas

The Greatest Novels of All Time list, below, is based on the same research that yielded the The Greatest Literature of All Time, but it goes far beyond the novelistic titles on that broader list.

Novellas, sometimes called short novels, are often grouped with novels, but we are offering the best of novellas in a separate list from this one. There's no universally held standard for differentiating the two forms, but for the purposes of our compilation here, we are accepting the definition of novels as prose narratives having more than 40,000 words.

Also note, this list features only novels that stand on their individual merits. Trilogies and other novel series are not included, although deserving single books within those series may be.

The list is continually updated and revised as new great novels are discovered, and as popular, critical and scholarly assessments of older works evolve.

Latest update: September 25, 2022

The 666 greatest novels of all time

Click linked titles and authors for details, critiques and comments.

c.50 CE
Callirhoe
Chariton
Greece
Prose narrative
c.60–70
Satyricon
Arbiter Petronius
Rome
Prose and poetry
c.150
The Golden Ass
Lucius Apuleius
Rome
Prose narrative
c.1020
Japan
Prose narrative
c.1200
The Prose Edda
Snorri Sturlson
Iceland
Prose narrative
c.1220
The Tale of the Heike
Anonymous
Japan
Prose narrative
c.1360–1400
Romance of the Three Kingdoms
Luo Guanzhong
China
Novel
c.1360–1589
Water Margin
Shi Nai'an, Luo Guanzhong
China
Novel
1485
Le Morte d'Arthur
Thomas Malory
England
Prose narrative
1492
Prison of Love
Diego de San Pedro
Spain
Novel
1499
La Celestina
Fernando de Rojas
Spain
Novel
1532
Pantagruel
Francois Rabelais
France
Novel
1534
Gargantua
Francois Rabelais
France
Novel
1580–1581
Arcadia
Philip Sidney
England
Prose narrative
c.1590
The Golden Lotus
Lanling Xiaoxiao Sheng
China
Novel
1592
Journey to the West
Wu Cheng'en
China
Novel
1594
The Unfortunate Traveller
Thomas Nashe
England
Novel
1605
Investiture of the Gods
Xu Zhonglin
China
Novel
1605–1615
Spain
Novel
1678
The Pilgrim's Progress
John Bunyan
England
Prose narrative
1682
The Life of an Amorous Man
Ihara Saikaku
Japan
Novel
1699
The Adventures of Telemachus
François de Salignac de la Mothe Fénelon
France
Novel
1719
Daniel Defoe
England
Novel
1719–1720
Love in Excess
Eliza Haywood
England
Novel
1722
Moll Flanders
Daniel Defoe
England
Novel
1726
Gulliver's Travels
Jonathan Swift
England
Novel
1731
Manon Lescant
Antoine François Prévost
France
Novel
1740
Pamela
Samuel Richardson
England
Novel
1742
Joseph Andrews
Henry Fielding
England
Novel
1748
Clarissa
Samuel Richardson
England
Novel
1749
Tom Jones
Henry Fielding
England
Novel
1750
The Scholars
Wu Jingzi
China
Novel
1751
The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle
Tobias Smollett
England
Novel
1759–1767
England
Novel
1761
Julie; or, The New Heloise
Jean Jacques Rousseau
England
Novel
1771
Humphrey Clinker
Tobias Smollett
England
Novel
1774
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Germany
Novel
1778
Evelina
Fanny Burney
England
Novel
1782
Dangerous Liaisons
Pierre Choderlos de Laclos
France
Novel
1788
Emmeline
Charlotte Turner Smith
England
Novel
1791
Justine
Marquis de Sade
France
Novel
1791–1792
The Dream of the Red Chamber
Cao Zhan
China
Novel
1792
The Nun
Denis Diderot
France
Novel
1794
The Mysteries of Udolpho
Ann Radcliffe
England
Novel
1795–1796
William Meister's Apprenticeship
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Germany
Novel
1796
Camilla
Fanny Burney
England
Novel
 
The Monk
Matthew Lewis
England
Novel
 
Jacques the Fatalist and His Master
Denis Diderot
France
Novel
1797–1799
Hyperion
Friedrich Holderlin
Germany
Novel
1800
Castle Rackrent
Maria Edgeworth
Ireland
Novel
1807
Corinne
Germaine de Staël
France
Novel
1811
England
Novel
1812
Swiss Family Robinson
Johann David Wyss
Switzer.
Novel
1813
England
Novel
1814
England
Novel
 
Waverley
Walter Scott
Scotland
Novel
1815
England
Novel
1816
Adolphe
Benjamin Constant
Switzerland
Novel
1817
England
Novel
 
Rob Roy
Walter Scott
Scotland
Novel
1818
England
Novel
1819
Ivanhoe
Walter Scott
Scotland
Novel
1820
Melmoth the Wanderer
Charles Maturin
Ireland
Novel
1826
The Last of the Mohicans
James Fenimore Cooper
United States
Novel
1827
Flowers in a Mirror
Li Ruzhen
China
Novel
1827–1842
The Betrothed
Alessandro Manzoni
Italy
Novel
1831
The Red and the Black
Stendhal
France
Novel
 
Victor-Marie Hugo
France
Novel
1833
Eugénie Grandet
Honoré de Balzac
France
Novel
 
Lélia
George Sand
France
Novel
1834
Old Goriot
Honore de Balzac
France
Novel
1836
The Captain's Daughter
Alexander Pushkin
Russia
Novel
1837–1843
Lost Illusions
Honoré de Balzac
France
Novel
1838
England
Novel
1839
England
Novel
 
The Charterhouse of Parma
Stendhal
France
Novel
1840
A Hero of Our Time
Mikhail Lermontov
Russia
Novel
1841
The Deerslayer
James Fenimore Cooper
United States
Novel
1842
Dead Souls
Nikolai Gogol
Ukraine
Novel
1843–1847
A Harlot High and Low
Honoré de Balzac
France
Novel
1844
The Luck of Barry Lyndon
William Makepeace Thackeray
England
Novel
 
The Three Musketeers
Alexandre Dumas
France
Novel
1844–1846
The Count of Monte-Cristo
Alexandre Dumas
France
Novel
1846
Cousin Bette
Honoré de Balzac
France
Novel
 
The Devil's Pool
George Sand
France
Novel
1847
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
The Vicomte de Bragelonne
Alexander Dumas
France
Novel
1848
The Tenant of Wildfell Hall
Anne Brontë
England
Novel
 
Mary Barton
Elizabeth Gaskell
England
Novel
 
Vanity Fair
William Makepeace Thackeray
England
Novel
1850
England
Novel
 
Nathaniel Hawthorne
United States
Novel
1851
Moby Dick
Herman Melville
United States
Novel
 
The House of Seven Gables
Nathaniel Hawthorne
United States
Novel
1852
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Harriet Beecher Stowe
United States
Novel
1853
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Cranford
Elizabeth Gaskell
England
Novel
1854
England
Novel
1855
North and South
Elizabeth Gaskell
England
Novel
 
The Warden
Anthony Trollope
England
Novel
1857
Gustave Flaubert
France
Novel
 
Barchester Towers
Anthony Trollope
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
The Virginians
William Makepeace Thackeray
England
Novel
 
Oblomov
Ivan Alexandrovich Goncharov
Russia
Novel
1860
England
Novel
 
Max Havelaar
Multatuli
Holland
Novel
1861
England
Novel
 
Silas Marner
England
Novel
1862
Victor-Marie Hugo
France
Novel
 
Fathers and Sons
Ivan Turgenev
Russia
Novel
1864
A Journey to the Centre of the Earth
Jules Verne
France
Novel
1865
Our Mutual Friend
England
Novel
1865–1869
War and Peace
Leo Tolstoy
Russia
Novel
1866
Crime and Punishment
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Russia
Novel
1868
England
Novel
 
Therese Raquin
Émile Zola
France
Novel
1868–1869
Louisa May Alcott
United States
Novel
1869
Lorna Doone
Richard Blackmore
England
Novel
 
Phineas Finn
Anthony Trollope
England
Novel
 
A Sentimental Education
Gustave Flaubert
France
Novel
1870
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea
Jules Verne
France
Novel
1872
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
The Possessed
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Russia
Novel
1873
Around the World in Eighty Days
Jules Verne
France
Novel
 
The Idiot
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Russia
Novel
 
Anna Karenina
Leo Tolstoy
Russia
Novel
1875
The Way We Live Now
Anthony Trollope
England
Novel
1876
Daniel Deronda
George Eliot
England
Novel
 
Mark Twain
United States
Novel
1877
The Drunkard
Émile Zola
France
Novel
1879
The Egoist
George Meredith
England
Novel
 
The Red Room
August Strindberg
Sweden
Novel
1880
Nana
Émile Zola
France
Novel
 
The Brothers Karamazov
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Russia
Novel
 
Ben-Hur
Lew Wallace
United States
Novel
1881
The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cuba
Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis
Brazil
Novel
 
The Portrait of a Lady
Henry James
United States
Novel
 
Mark Twain
United States
Novel
1883
A Woman's Life
Guy de Maupassant
France
Novel
1884
Mark Twain
United States
Novel
1885
King Solomon's Mines
H. Rider Haggard
England
Novel
 
Marius the Epicurean
Walter Pater
England
Novel
 
Bel Ami
Guy de Maupassant
France
Novel
 
Germinal
Émile Zola
France
Novel
 
Compassion
Benito Pérez Galdós
Spain
Novel
 
Scotland
Novel
1887
A Study in Scarlet
England
Novel
 
She
H. Rider Haggard
England
Novel
1888
The Maias
José Maria Eça de Queirós
Japan
Novel
1889
Three Men in a Boat
Jerome K. Jerome
England
Novel
 
Mark Twain
United States
Novel
1890
The Beast Within
Émile Zola
France
Novel
 
News from Nowhere
William Morris
England
Novel
 
Oscar Wilde
Ireland
Novel
1892
The Diary of a Nobody
George and Weedon Grossmith
England
Novel
1894
Esther Waters
George Moore
Ireland
Novel
1895
Effi Briest
Theodor Fontane
Germany
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1896
England
Novel
 
The Bostonians
Henry James
England
Novel
 
The Island of Doctor Moreau
H.G. Wells
England
Novel
1897
Captains Courageous
Rudyard Kipling
England
Novel
 
The Invisible Man
H.G. Wells
England
Novel
 
Ireland
Novel
 
Pharaoh
Boleslaw Prus
Poland
Novel
1898
The War of the Worlds
H.G. Wells
England
Novel
1899
Hunger
Knut Hamsun
Norway
Novel
 
The Awakening
Kate Chopin
United States
Novel
1900
England
Novel
 
Sister Carrie
Theodore Dreiser
United States
Novel

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1901
Rudyard Kipling
England
Novel
 
Germany
Novel
 
Resurrection
Leo Tolstoy
Russia
Novel
 
The Wings of the Dove
Henry James
United States
Novel
1903
England
Novel
 
The Riddle of the Sands
Erskine Childers
England
Novel
 
The Ambassadors
Henry James
United States
Novel
1904
Nostromo
Joseph Conrad
England
Novel
 
The Golden Bowl
Henry James
United States
Novel
1905
The House of Mirth
Edith Wharton
United States
Novel
1906
The Confusions of Young Törless
Robert Musil
England
Austria
 
The Jungle
Upton Sinclair
United States
Novel
1907
The Travels of Lao Can
Liu E
China
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Mother
Maxim Gorky
Russia
Novel
1908
Anne of Green Gables
Lucy Maude Montgomery
Canada
Novel
 
The Old Wives' Tale
Arnold Bennett
England
Novel
 
A Room With a View
E.M. Forster
England
Novel
 
The Wind in the Willows
Kenneth Grahame
England
Novel
1910
Howards End
E.M. Forster
England
Novel
1911
England
Novel
1912
Zuleika Dobson
Max Beerbohm
England
Novel
1913
Sons and Lovers
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
 
Le Grand Meaulnes
Alain-Fournier
France
Novel
 
O Pioneers!
Willa Cather
United States
Novel
1913–1927
In Search of Lost Time
Marcel Proust
France
Novel
1914
The Ragged-Trousered Philanthropist
Robert Tressell
Ireland
Novel
 
Kokoro
Sōseki Natsume
Japan
Novel
 
Tarzan of the Apes
Edgar Rice Burroughs
United States
Novel
1915
The Rainbow
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
 
The Good Soldier
Ford Maddox Ford
England
Novel
 
Of Human Bondage
W. Somerset Maughham
England
Novel
1916
The Home and the World
Rabindranath Tagore
Bengal
Novel
 
France
Novel
 
The Underdogs
Mariano Azuela
Mexico
Novel
1918
United States
Novel
1919
The Moon and Sixpence
W. Somerset Maughham
England
Novel
1921
Women in Love
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
 
Main Street
Sinclair Lewis
United States
Novel
 
The Age of Innocence
Edith Wharton
United States
Novel
1920–1923
The Good Soldier Schweik
Jaroslav Hasek
Czech.
Novel
1922
Ireland
Novel
 
The Worm Ouroboros
E.R. Eddison
England
Novel
 
Babbitt
Sinclair Lewis
United States
Novel
1923
The Confessions of Zeno
Italo Svevo
Italy
Novel
 
Chapayev
Dmitry Furmanov
Russia
Novel
1924
The Magic Mountain
Germany
Novel
 
The Iron Flood
Alexander Serafimovich
Russia
Novel
 
A Passage to India
E.M. Forster
England
Novel
 
We
Yevgeny Zamyatin
Russia
Novel
1925
The Trial
Franz Kafka
Czech.
Novel
 
The Murder of Roger Ackroyd
England
Novel
 
Parade's End
Ford Maddox Ford
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
The Professor's House
United States
Novel
 
An American Tragedy
Theodore Dreiser
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1926
The Castle
Franz Kafka
Czech.
Novel
 
The Counterfeiters
André Gide
France
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1927
England
Novel
 
The Treasure of the Sierra Madre
B. Traven
Mexico
Novel
 
Steppenwolf
Herman Hesse
Switzerland
Novel
 
A Flower in a Sinful Sea
Jin Tianhe, Zeng Pu
China
Novel
 
Lady Chatterley's Lover
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
 
Orlando
Virginia Woolf
England
Novel
 
Nadja
André Breton
France
Novel
 
And Quiet Flows the Don
Mikhail Sholokov
Russia
Novel
 
Quicksand
Nella Larsen
United States
Novel
1929
A High Wind in Jamaica
Richard Hughes
England
Novel
 
Berlin Alexanderplatz
Alfred Döblin
Germany
Novel
 
The Time of Indifference
Alberto Moravia
Italy
Novel
 
Some Prefer Nettles
Jun'ichiro Tanizaki
Japan
Novel
 
The Sound and the Fury
William Faulkner
United States
Novel
 
Red Harvest
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Look Homeward, Angel
Thomas Wolfe
United States
Novel
1930
The 42nd Parallel
John Dos Passos
United States
Novel
 
As I Lay Dying
William Faulkner
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1930–1943
The Man Without Qualities
Robert Musil
Austria
Novel
1931
The Waves
England
Novel
 
Pearl S. Buck
United States
Novel
 
At the Mountains of Madness
H.P. Lovecraft
United States
Novel
1932
England
Novel
 
Journey to the End of the Night
Louis-Ferdinand Céline
France
Novel
 
Viper's Tangle
Francois Mauriac
France
Novel
 
Tobacco Road
Erskine Caldwell
United States
Novel
 
Light in August
William Faulkner
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1933
Man's Fate
André Malraux
France
Novel
 
The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas
Gertrude Stein
United States
Novel
1934
Murder on the Orient Express
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
The Nine Tailors
Dorothy L. Sayers
England
Novel
 
A Handful of Dust
Evelyn Waugh
England
Novel
 
How the Steel Was Tempered
Nikolai Ostrovsky
Ukraine
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Tropic of Cancer
Henry Miller
United States
Novel
1934–1935
Independent People
Halldór Laxness
Iceland
Novel
1935
The Tower of Babels
Elias Canetti
Belgium
Novel
 
Dorothy L. Sayers
England
Novel
 
Untouchable
Mulk Raj Anand
India
Novel
 
Call It Sleep
Henry Roth
United States
Novel
1936
Rickshaw Boy
Lao She
China
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Nightwood
Djuna Barnes
United States
Novel
 
Absalom, Absalom!
William Faulkner
United States
Novel
 
Gone with the Wind
Margaret Mitchell
United States
Novel
1937
The Hobbit
J.R.R. Tolkien
England
Novel
 
The Blind Owl
Sadegh Hedayat
Iran
Novel
 
Their Eyes Were Watching God
Zora Neale Hurston
United States
Novel
1938
Rebecca
Daphne du Maurier
England
Novel
 
Brighton Rock
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
Scoop
Evelyn Waugh
England
Novel
 
The Years
England
Novel
 
The Code of the Woosters
P.G. Wodehouse
England
Novel
 
Nausea
Jean-Paul Sartre
France
Novel
 
The Death of the Heart
Elizabeth Bowen
Ireland
Novel
1939
The Mask of Dimitrios
Eric Ambler
England
Novel
 
Ireland
Novel
 
At Swim-Two-Birds
Flann O'Brien
Ireland
Novel
 
Nathanael West
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1940
The Man Who Loved Children
Christina Stead
Australia
Novel
 
The Power and the Glory
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
The Don Flows Home to the Sea
Mikhail Sholokov
Russia
Novel
 
Farewell My Lovely
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
The Heart is a Lonely Hunter
Carson McCullers
United States
Novel
 
Native Son
Richard Wright
United States
Novel
1941
James M. Cain
United States
Novel
1943
The Crooked Line
Ismat Chugtai
India
Novel
 
The Fountainhead
Ayn Rand
United States
Novel
1944
The Horse's Mouth
Joyce Cary
England
Novel
 
Aurélien
Louis Aragon
France
Novel
 
Our Lady of the Flowers
Jean Genet
France
Novel
 
The Makioka Sisters
Jun'ichirō Tanizaki
Japan
Novel
1945
The Tin Flute
Gabrielle Roy
Canada
Novel
 
Loving
Henry Green
England
Novel
 
Evelyn Waugh
England
Novel
 
The Glass Bead Game
Herman Hesse
Switzerland
Novel
1946
Titus Groan
Mervyn Peake
England
Novel
 
Zorba the Greek
Nikos Kazantzakis
Greece
Novel
 
All the King's Men
Robert Penn Warren
United States
Novel
 
Bridge on the Drina
Ivo Andric
Yugoslavia
Novel
1947
A Case to Answer
Edgar Lustgarten
England
Novel
 
Under the Volcano
Malcolm Lowry
England
Novel
 
Froth on the Daydream
Boris Vian
France
Novel
1948
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
All About H. Hatterr
G.V. Desani
England
Novel
 
Snow Country
Yasunari Kawabata
Japan
Novel
 
Cry, the Beloved Country
Alan Paton
South Africa
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1949
The Kingdom of This World
Alejo Carpentier
Cuba
Novel
 
The Man With the Golden Arm
Nelson Algren
United States
Novel
 
The Sheltering Sky
Paul Bowles
United States
Novel
1950
Canada
Novel
 
C.S. Lewis
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
The Moon and Bonfires
Cesare Pavese
Italy
Novel
 
Strangers on a Train
Patricia Highsmith
United States
Novel
1951
Memoirs of Hadrian
Marguerite Yourcenar
Belgium
Novel
 
The End of the Affair
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
The Day of the Triffids
John Wyndham
England
Novel
 
The Daughter of Time
Josephine Tey
Scotland
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
From Here to Eternity
James Jones
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1952
Thousand Cranes
Yasunari Kawabata
Japan
Novel
 
The Palm-Wine Drunkard
Amos Tutuola
Nigeria
Novel
 
Invisible Man
Ralph Ellison
United States
Novel
 
Wise Blood
Flannery O'Connor
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Charlotte's Web
E.B. White
United States
Novel
1953
Childhood's End
Arthur C. Clarke
England
Novel
 
The Go-Between
L.P. Hartley
England
Novel
 
The Adventures of Augie March
Saul Bellow
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1954
Lucky Jim
Kingsley Amis
England
Novel
 
Lord of the Flies
William Golding
England
Novel
 
Under the Net
Iris Murdoch
England
Novel
 
The Mandarins
Simone de Beauvoir
France
Novel
 
Nectar in a Sieve
Kamala Markandaya
India
Novel
 
Go Tell It on the Mountain
James Baldwin
United States
Novel
1954–1955
Lord of the Rings
J.R.R. Tolkien
England
Novel
1955
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
Pedro Paramo
Juan Rulfo
Mexico
Novel
 
Vladimir Nabokov
Russia
Novel
 
The Recognitions
William Gaddis
United States
Novel
 
The Talented Mr. Ripley
Patricia Highsmith
United States
Novel
1956
The Devil to Pay in the Backlands
João Guimarães Rosa
Brazil
Novel
 
Palace Walk
Naguib Mahfouz
Egypt
Novel
 
The Temple of the Golden Pavilion
Yukio Mishima
Japan
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Giovanni's Room
James Baldwin
United States
Novel
1957
Voss
Patrick White
Australia
Novel
 
Justine
Laurence Durrell
England
Novel
 
From Russia With Love
Ian Fleming
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Jealousy
Alain Robbe-Grillet
France
Novel
 
Pnin
Vladimir Nabokov
Russia
Novel
 
Doctor Zhivago
Boris Pasternak
Russia
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
The Wapshot Chronicle
John Cheever
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Atlas Shrugged
Ayn Rand
United States
Novel
1958
Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon
Jorge Amado
Brazil
Novel
 
The Guide
R.K. Narayan
India
Novel
 
The Leopard
Giusseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa
Italy
Novel
 
Things Fall Apart
Chinua Achebe
Nigeria
Novel
 
The Once and Future King
T.H. White
England
Novel
 
Saturday Night and Sunday Morning
Alan Sillitoe
England
Novel
1959
The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz
Mordecai Richler
Canada
Novel
 
Cider With Rosie
Laurie Lee
England
Novel
 
The Golden Notebook
Doris Lessing
England
Novel
 
The Tin Drum
Günter Grass
Germany
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Naked Lunch
William S. Burroughs
United States
Novel
 
Henderson the Rain King
Saul Bellow
United States
Novel
1960
A Canticle for Leibowitz
Walter M. Miller
United States
Novel
 
Rabbit, Run
John Updike
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1961
The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie
Muriel Spark
England
Novel
 
Solaris
Stanislaw Lem
Poland
Novel
 
A House for Mr Biswas
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad
Novel
 
Joseph Heller
United States
Novel
 
The Moviegoer
Walker Percy
United States
Novel
 
Franny and Zooey
J.D. Salinger
United States
Novel
 
Revolutionary Road
Richard Yates
United States
Novel
1962
The Death of Artemio Cruz
Carlos Fuentes
Mexico
Novel
 
Pale Fire
Vladimir Nabokov
Russia
Novel
 
A Clockwork Orange
Anthony Burgess
England
Novel
 
The Reivers
William Faulkner
United States
Novel
 
A Wrinkle in Time
Madeleine L'Engle
United States
Novel
 
Ship of Fools
Katherine Anne Porter
United States
Novel
 
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
Ken Kesey
United States
Novel
1963
The General of the Dead Army
Ismail Kadare
Albania
Novel
 
Hopscotch
Julio Cortazar
Argentina
Novel
 
The Spy Who Came in from the Cold
John le Carré
England
Novel
 
Cat's Cradle
Kurt Vonnegut
United States
Novel
 
The Ravishing of Lol Stein
Marguerite Duras
France
Novel
 
Arrow of God
Chinua Achebe
Nigeria
Novel
 
Herzog
Saul Bellow
United States
Novel
1965
Frank Herbert
United States
Novel
1966
Canada
Novel
 
A Jest of God
Canada
Novel
 
The Magus
John Fowles
England
Novel
 
Black Sheep
Georgette Heyer
England
Novel
 
Wide Sargasso Sea
Jean Rhys
England
Novel
 
J.G. Ballard
England
Novel
 
Season of Migration to the North
Tayeb Salih
Sudan
Novel
 
Giles Goat-Boy
John Barth
United States
Novel
 
In Cold Blood
Truman Capote
United States
Novel
 
Flowers for Algernon
Daniel Keyes
United States
Novel
1967
One Hundred Years of Solitude
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia
Novel
 
Children of Gebelawi
Naguib Mahfouz
Egypt
Novel
 
The Master and Margarita
Mikhail Bulgakov
Russia
Novel
 
The Confessions of Nat Turner
William Styron
United States
Novel
 
Camp Concentration
Thomas Disch
United States
Novel
1968
2001: A Space Odyssey
Arthur C. Clarke
England
Novel
 
Cancer Ward
Alexander Solzhenitsyn
Russia
Novel
 
The First Circle
Alexander Solzhenitsyn
Russia
Novel
 
Belle du Seigneur
Albert Cohen
Switzerland
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Myra Breckinridge
Gore Vidal
United States
Novel
1969
Little Painted Mouths
Manuel Puig
Argentina
Novel
 
John Fowles
England
Novel
 
Master and Commander
Patrick O'Brian
England
Novel
 
A Void
Georges Perec
France
Novel
 
Slaughterhouse Five
Kurt Vonnegut
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
them
Joyce Carol Oates
United States
Novel
 
The Godfather
Mario Puzo
United States
Novel
1970
Fifth Business
Robertson Davies
Canada
Novel
 
Deliverance
James Dickey
United States
Novel
1971
The Day of the Jackal
Frederick Forsyth
England
Novel
 
In a Free State
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad
Novel
 
The Book of Daniel
E.L. Doctorow
United States
Novel
 
The Bell Jar
Sylvia Plath
United States
Novel
 
Angle of Repose
Wallace Stegner
United States
Novel
 
Rabbit Redux
John Updike
United States
Novel
1972
Rendezvous With Rama
Arthur C. Clarke
Englad
Novel
 
The Twilight Years
Sawako Ariyoshi
Japan
Novel
 
Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas
Hunter S. Thompson
United States
Novel
 
The Optimist's Daughter
Eudora Welty
United States
Novel
1973
Gravity's Rainbow
Thomas Pynchon
United States
Novel
1974
Canada
Novel
 
Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy
John le Carré
England
Novel
 
The Lost Honour of Katharina Blum
Heinrich Boll
Germany
Novel
 
History: A Novel
Elsa Morante
Italy
Novel
 
The Conservationist
Nadine Gordimer
South Africa
Novel
 
The Black Prince
Iris Murdoch
England
Novel
 
The Dispossessed
United States
Novel
1975
Correction
Thomas Bernhard
Austria
Novel
 
The Autumn of the Patriarch
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia
Novel
 
W, or the Memory of Childhood
Georges Perec
France
Novel
 
Humboldt's Gift
Saul Bellow
United States
Novel
 
Ragtime
E.L. Doctorow
United States
Novel
1977
Monkey Grip
Helen Garner
Australia
Novel
 
The Hour of the Star
Clarice Lispector
Brazil
Novel
 
The Wars
Timothy Findley
Canada
Novel
 
Aunt Julia and the Script-Writer
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru
Novel
 
Song of Solomon
Toni Morrison
United States
Novel
1978
The Sea, the Sea
Iris Murdoch
England
Novel
 
Life a User's Manual
Georges Perecs
France
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
If on a Winter's Night a Traveler
Italo Calvino
Italy
Novel
 
A Bend in the River
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad
Novel
 
Burgher's Daughter
Nadine Gordimer
South Africa
Novel
 
The Executioner's Song
United States
Nonfiction novel
 
Sophie's Choice
William Styron
United States
Novel
1980
Clear Light of Day
Anita Desai
India
Novel
 
The Name of the Rose
Umberto Eco
Italy
Novel
 
So Long a Letter
Miriam Bâ
Senegal
Novel
 
Waiting for the Barbarians
J.M. Coetzee
South Africa
Novel
 
Life and Fate
Vasily Grossman
Ukraine
Novel
1981
Obasan
Joy Kogawa
Canada
Novel
 
Midnight's Children
Salman Rushdie
India
Novel
 
The War of the End of the World
Mario Vargas Llosa
India
Novel
 
Red Dragon
Thomas Harris
United States
Novel
 
Rabbit Is Rich
John Updike
United States
Novel
1982
Schindler's List
Thomas Keneally
Australia
Novel
 
The House of the Spirits
Isabel Allende
Chile
Novel
 
The Color Purple
Alice Walker
United States
Novel
1983
The Life and Times of Michael K
J.M. Coetzee
South Africa
Novel
 
Ironweed
William Kennedy
United States
Novel
 
LaBrava
Elmore Leonard
United States
Novel
1984
Neuromancer
William Gibson
Canada
Novel
 
The Unbearable Lightness of Being
Milan Kundera
Czech.
Novel
 
Money
Martin Amis
England
Novel
 
J.G. Ballard
England
Novel
 
Hotel du Lac
Anita Brookner
England
Novel
 
Bright Lights, Big City
Jay McInerney
United States
Novel
1985
Annie John
Jamaica Kincaid
Antigua
Novel
 
Black Robe
Brian Moore
Canada
Novel
 
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia
Novel
 
Perfume: The Story of a Murderer
Patrick Suskind
Germany
Novel
 
White Noise
Don DeLillo
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Blood Meridian
Cormac McCarthy
United States
Novel
 
Lonesome Dove
Larry McMurtry
United States
Novel
 
The Accidental Tourist
Anne Tyler
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1986
An Artist of the Floating World
Kazuo Ishiguro
England
Novel
 
Matigari
Ngugi Wa Thiong'o
Kenya
Novel
1987
The Stone Diaries
Carol Shields
Canada
Novel
 
In the Skin of a Lion
Michael Ondaatje
Canada
Novel
 
The Radiant Way
Margaret Drabble
England
Novel
 
Norwegian Wood
Haruki Murakami
Japan
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Misery
Stephen King
United States
Novel
 
Beloved
Toni Morrison
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1988
Oscar and Lucinda
Peter Carey
Australia
Novel
 
The Alchemist
Paulo Coelho
Brazil
Novel
 
The Shadow Lines
Amitav Ghosh
India
Novel
 
The Satanic Verses
Salman Rushdie
India
Novel
 
Kitchen
Banana Yoshimoto
Japan
Novel
 
Obabakoak
Bernard Atxaga
Spain
Novel
 
The Joy Luck Club
Amy Tan
United States
Novel
 
Breathing Lessons
Anne Tyler
United States
Novel
 
Nervous Conditions
Dangarembga Tsitsi
Zimbabwe
Novel
1989
The Remains of the Day
Kazuo Ishiguro
England
Novel
 
London Fields
Martin Amis
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
The Great Indian Novel
Shashi Tharoor
India
Novel
 
Like Water for Chocolate
Laura Esquivel
Mexico
Novel
 
The Storyteller
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru
Novel
 
A Prayer for Owen Meany
United States
Novel
1990
Possession
A.S. Byatt
England
Novel
 
Get Shorty
Elmore Leonard
United States
Novel
1991
Generation X
Douglas Coupland
Canada
Novel
 
Pat Barker
England
Novel
 
The Book of Disquiet
Fernando Pessoa
Portugal
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1992
The English Patient
Michael Ondaatje
Canada
Novel
 
Miss Smilla's Feeling for Snow
Peter Hoeg
Denmark
Novel
 
The Triple Mirror of the Self
Zulfikar Ghose
Pakistan
Novel
 
The Crow Road
Iain Banks
Scotland
Novel
 
All the Pretty Horses
Cormac McCarthy
United States
Novel
1993
Birdsong
Sebastian Faulks
England
Novel
 
A Suitable Boy
Vikram Seth
India
Novel
 
Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha
Roddy Doyle
Ireland
Novel
 
Gifts
Nuruddin Farah
Somalia
Novel
 
The Shipping News
Annie Proulx
United States
Novel
1994
Of Love and Shadows
Isabel Allende
Chile
Novel
 
Captain Corelli's Mandolin
Louis de Bernieres
England
Novel
1994–1995
The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle
Haruki Murakami
Canada
Novel
1995
A Fine Balance
Rohinton Mistry
Canada
Novel
 
Northern Lights
Philip Pullman
England
Novels
 
Portugal
Novel
1996
Alias Grace
Canada
Novel
 
Fall on Your Knees
Ann-Marie MacDonald
Canada
Novel
 
Infinite Jest
David Foster Wallace
United States
Novel
1997
Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
J.K. Rowling
England
Novel
 
The God of Small Things
Arundhati Roy
India
Novel
 
Memoirs of a Geisha
Arthur Golden
United States
Novel
 
Underworld
Don DeLillo
United States
Novel
 
Mason and Dixon
Thomas Pynchon
United States
Novel
 
American Pastoral
United States
Novel
1998
The Savage Detectives
Roberto Bolaño
Chile
Novel
 
The Hours
Michael Cunningham
United States
Novel
 
The Poisonwood Bible
Barbara Kingsolver
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1999
The Life and Times of Michael K
J.M. Coetzee
South Africa
Novel
 
Waiting
Ha Jin
United States
Novel
2000
True History of the Kelly Gang
Peter Carey
Australia
Novel
 
White Teeth
Zadie Smith
England
Novel
 
Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamtress
Dai Sijie
France
Novel
 
The Feast of the Goat
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru
Novel
 
Bartleby and Co
Enrique Vila-Matas
Peru
Novel
 
The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay
Michael Chabon
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
2000–2001
Persepolis
Marjane Satrapi
Iran
Graphic novel
2001
Canada
Novel
 
American Gods
Neil Gaiman
England
Novel
 
Austerlitz
W.G. Sebald
Germany
Novel
 
The Corrections
Jonathan Franzen
United States
Novel
 
Ian McEwan
England
Novel
2002
Life of Pi
Yann Martel
Canada
Novel
 
City of the Beasts
Isabel Allende
Chile
Novel
 
Middlesex
Jeffrey Eugenides
United States
Novel
2003
The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time
Mark Haddon
England
Novel
 
The Housekeeper and the Professor
Yoko Ogawa
Japan
Novel
 
The Kite Runner
Khaled Hosseini
United States
Novel
 
The Known World
Edward P. Jones
United States
Novel
 
The Time Traveler's Wife
Audrey Niffenegger
United States
Novel
 
Vernon God Little
DBC Pierre
United States
Novel
2004
A Complicated Kindness
Mariam Toews
Canada
Novel
 
2666
Roberto Bolaño
Chile
Novel
 
Jonathan Strange & Mr. Norrell
Susanna Clarke
England
Novel
 
Cloud Atlas
David Mitchell
England
Novel
 
Gilead
Marilynne Robinson
United States
Novel
2005
The Book Thief
Markus Zusak
Australia
Novel
 
Three Day Road
Jospeh Boyden
Canada
Novel
 
Never Let Me Go
Kazuo Ishiguro
England
Novel
 
Stieg Larsson
Sweden
Novel
 
The History of Love
Nicole Krauss
United States
Novel
2006
Half of a Yellow Sun
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
Nigeria
Novel
 
The Road
Cormac McCarthy
United States
Novel
2007
The Book of Negroes
Lawrence Hill
Canada
Novel
 
The Great Man
Kate Christenson
United States
Novel
 
The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao
Junot Díaz
United States
Novel
 
A Thousand Splendid Suns
Khaled Hosseini
United States
Novel
2008
White Tiger
Aravind Adiga
India
Novel
2009
Wolf Hall
Hilary Mantel
England
Novel
2009–2010
IQ84
Haruki Murakami
England
Novel
2010
A Visit From the Goon Squad
Jennifer Egan
United States
Novel
 
Freedom
Jonathan Franzen
United States
Novel
2011
Half-Blood Blues
Esi Edugyan
Canada
Novel
2013
Americanah
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
Nigeria
Novel
2015
The Fifth Season
N.K. Jemisin
United States
Novel

 
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