Film, video and television productions based on the novel by Bram Stoker:
Originally Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens (German)
Director F.W. Murnau; writer Henrik Galeen; featuring Max Shreck
English and Spanish versions of film. English: director Tod Browning; writers Hamilton Deane, John L. Balderston,; variably featuring Bela Lugosi, Helen Chandler, David Manners, Dwight Frye, Edward Van Sloan. Spanish: director George Melford; writ. Hamilton Deane, John L. Balderston, Baltasar Fernández Cué; featuring Carlos Villarías, Lupita Tovar, Pablo Álvarez Rubio
Three films variably featuring Gloria Holden, Otto Kruger, Edward Van Sloan, Lon Chaney Jr., Robert Paige, John Carradine, Onslow Stevens, Glenn Strange
Also called Dracula
Director Terence Fisher; writer Jimmy Sangster; featuring Christopher Lee, Peter Cushing, Michael Gough
Three films variably featuring Peter Cushing, David Peel, Yvonne Monlaur, Martita Hunt, Christopher Lee, Barbara Shelley, Andrew Keir, Rupert Davies, Veronica Carlson
Director John Badham; writer Hamilton Deane, John L. Balderston, W.D. Richter; featuring Frank Langella, Laurence Olivier, Donald Pleasance, Kate Nelligan
Two films. 1979: director Stan Dragoti, featuring George Hamilton, Richard Benjamin. 1995: director Mel Brooks, featuring Leslie Neilsen, Steve Weber, Mel Brooks, Harvey Korman
Also called Dracula
Director Francis Ford Coppola; writer Jame V. Hart; featuring Gary Oldman, Winona Ryder, Anthony Hopkins, Keanu Reeves, Cary Elwes, Tom Waits
Director E. Elias Merhige; writer Steven Katz; featuring John Malkovich, Willem Defoe, Udo Kier, Cary Elwes
Director Patrick Lussier; writer Joel Soission, Lussier; featuring Gerard Butler, Christopher Plummer, Jonny Lee Miller, Justine Waddell, Jeri Ryan
A rejuvenated Dracula (Gary Oldman), right, goes after his old lover, Mina (Winona Ryder).
Dracula the seducer
Bram Stoker's Dracula (1992) goes further than Frank Langella in 1979's steamy Dracula, stripping away the romance to reveal naked sexual heat below it.
Director Francis Ford Coppola purportedly goes back to Stoker's novel, rather than to the much-adapted Balderston play, for his basic story—though I doubt Stoker would appreciate his sexy interpretation. Also this film adds a back story by which it is understood Dracula is seeking in Mina the reincarnation of a love lost centuries ago.
Most startling and enticing is the look of this production. Coppola has gone out of his way—way out of his way—to give the film a dreamy, almost hallucinogenic atmosphere, especially in the seduction scenes.
And the costumes are also otherworldy, particularly for Dracula himself in his old-man mode, with his hair piled up like a drag queen in a Star Wars movie.
Most appreciated is that he achieved the film's look without any computer-generated graphics. All effects were created using cameras. Despite the dreamy atmosphere, here's a cozy, slightly sweaty, human feel to this production that you don't get with contemporary movies overblown with digital effects.
Oldman as fussy old Dracula.
In the lead role, Gary Oldman is a fussy old vamp of a vampire who seduces...I mean, imprisons...Keanu Reeves as Jonathan Harker in Transylvania. Then, rejuvenated as a jaunty young toff, he travels to Victorian England where he takes up seducing—though it's more like raping—Sadie Frost as Lucy. And finally seducing—and I do mean seducing this time—his main target, Winona Ryder as Mina. Led by Anthony Hopkins as Van Helsing, Mina's friends rally to drive Dracula from England and chase him across Transylvania.
This is the only version of Dracula I can think of that includes all these plot points from the novel.
Why then am I not as crazy about it as many movie-goers seem to be?
Perhaps because I also found the novel itself rather laborious between the first few chapters and the concluding chase sequence.
The earlier Hollywood and Hammer films freely revised the narrative to bring out the exciting and fascinatingly repellent aspects of vampirism, while burying the tedious explication. Sure they glamourized and sensationalized it, but with Dracula that's not necessarily a bad thing. By remaining true to the original narrative, Coppola's film both gains and loses.
Still it is one of the serious Dracula films you have to see to understand the many ways Stoker's creation has touched us. Affronted us. Seduced us.