Dracula first editionFirst edition

Dracula

Publication details ▽ Publication details △

First publication
1897

Literature form
Novel

Genres
Literary, fantasy

Language
English

Author's country
England

Length
Approx. 180,000 words

Frank Lnagella as Dracula
Frank Langella marks the return of the romantic Dracula in 1979.

Dracula

THE NOVEL | THE TEXT | THE DRACULA MOVIES

1922, 1931, 1936–1945, 1958, 1960–1974, 1979, 1979–1995, 1992, 2000, 2000, 2006

Dracula, my love

Dracula (1979): Director John Badham; writer Hamilton Deane, John L. Balderston, W.D. Richter; featuring Frank Langella, Laurence Olivier, Donald Pleasance, Kate Nelligan

The major Dracula movies that started coming out in the latter 1900s are quite different than those that went before. While the early Universal films were gothic horror flicks and the Hammer films brought more intelligence to the genre, later films would try with varying success to delve psychologically into what lies behind the horror.

The joint U.S.-British production of Dracula in 1979, for example, obviously sees it as a story of romantic possession. The iconic shot in this film is of a dashing, young Frank Langella, hair and cape streaming behind him, breaking into the bedroom of his female victim for an evening of passionate and bloody love.

In some ways this can be seen as an updating of the Lugosi version of 1931. And, sure enough, the  screenplay is based on the same Deane-Balderston play. Like Lugosi, Langella is reprising on screen a role he played to acclaim on Broadway.

A few changes are made, however. Harker never goes to Transylvania. The action starts with Dracula arriving by ship in Yorkshire, England. The geography is updated and the count is now said to be from Romania—though his sultry voice is without an East European accent.

Names also get switched around. In England his first victim, Mina, is Van Helsing's daughter. His second intended, Lucy, is Dr. Seward's daughter, as well as Jonathan Harker's fiancée.

Van Helsing, played wearily by Laurence Olivier no less, is not much of a nemesis for Dracula either. For one thing he seems to have no prior knowledge of such paranormal phenomena, as Bram Stoker's Van Helsing does. Rather he looks it all up in an encyclopedia. In the end it is left to Harker—in most other versions the hapless cast-aside lover—to deliver the final blow.

Or does he? The ending is ambiguous, with Dracula defeated but seemingly escaping. And his lover Lucy is left with a smile on her lips.


Dracula (Frank Langella) makes his seductive midnight entrance in 1979's Dracula.

This Dracula is a tragic love story, the closest to date that any serious adaptation comes to sympathizing with the vampire's point of view. Langella's Dracula is vital, potent, and even slightly pathetic as he attempts to find a mate to live through the centuries with, hoping to raise her to live with him on another plane, high above mere mortals upon whom they will feast.

Their coming together on that fateful night is an explosion of red heat. And his demise (if it is a demise) comes in the burning red light of a sunrise.

The period of this film is also moved ahead a few years, which allows the use of early motor vehicles in the chase scenes. But Dracula remains a Gothic horror with great sweeping camera work, ghostly atmosphere and grandly romantic acting in the title role.

— Eric McMillan

THE NOVEL | THE TEXT | THE DRACULA MOVIES

1922, 1931, 1936–1945, 1958, 1960–1974, 1979, 1979–1995, 1992, 2000, 2000, 2006

See also:

Movies
Frankenstein

Movies
Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

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