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The 166 Greatest Works of Russian Literature

The selection of literature from specific countries or regions is based on the continuing research carried out for our flagship list, The Greatest Literature of All Time, and all our other Greatest lists. It is also informed by the additional literary assessments of local readers, writers, critics and scholars.

On this list are literary works of all types, genres, cultures and periods by authors primarily associated with Russia.

This list focuses on major creative works—such as novels, plays, epic poetry and story collections—although some shorter or nonfiction writing of literary significance may also be included.

Latest update: February 17, 2024

1672
The Life Written by Himself
by Avvakum, Russia, Autobiography
1792
Poor Liza
by Nikolai Karamzin, Russia
Novella
1820
Ruslan and Ludmila
by Alexander Pushkin, Russia
Poem
1824
The Fountain of Bakhchisaray
by Alexander Pushkin, Russia
Poem
1825
Woe From Wit
by Alexander Griboyedov, Russia
Play
 
Boris Godunov
by Alexander Pushkin, Russia
Poem
1825–1832
Eugene Onegin
by Alexander Pushkin, Russia
Poem
1830
The Tales of Belkin
by Alexander Pushkin, Russia
Story collection
1836
The Captain's Daughter
by Alexander Pushkin, Russia
Novel
1837
The Bronze Horseman
by Alexander Pushkin, Russia
Poem
1840
A Hero of Our Time
by Mikhail Lermontov, Russia
Novel
1842
The Demon
by Mikhail Lermontov, Russia
Poem
1847
Who Is to Blame?
by Alexander Herzen, Russia
Novel
1852
Childhood
by Leo Tolstoy, Russia
Novella
 
A Sportsman's Sketches
by Ivan Turgenev, Russia
Story collection
1855–1963
Russian Folk Tales
by Alexander Afanasiev, Russia
Story collection
1859
Oblomov
by Ivan Alexandrovich Goncharov, Russia
Novel
 
Home of the Gentry
by Ivan Turgenev, Russia
Novel
1860
The Storm
by Alexander Ostrovsky, Russia
Play
 
First Love
by Ivan Turgenev, Russia
Novella
1862
Fathers and Sons
by Ivan Turgenev, Russia
Novel
1864
Notes From Underground
by Fyodor Dostoevsky, Russia
Novella
 
Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District
by Nikolai Leskov, Russia
Novel
1865–1869
missing graphic
War and Peace
by Leo Tolstoy, Russia
Novel
1866
Crime and Punishment
by Fyodor Dostoevsky, Russia
Novel
 
The Gambler
by Fyodor Dostoevsky, Russia
Novella
1870
The History of a Town
by Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Russia
Novel
 
King Lear of the Steppes
by Ivan Turgenev, Russia
Novella
1871
The Forest
by Alexander Ostrovsky, Russia
Play
1872
Demons
by Fyodor Dostoevsky, Russia
Novel
 
Torrents of Spring
by Ivan Turgenev, Russia
Novel
1873
The Enchanted Wanderer
by Nikolai Leskov, Russia
Novella
1874
The Idiot
by Fyodor Dostoevsky, Russia
Novel
 
Who Can Be Happy and Free in Russia?
by Nikolai Nekrasov, Russia
Poem
 
Anna Karenina
by Leo Tolstoy, Russia
Novel
1878
Without a Dowry
by Alexander Ostrovsky, Russia
Play
1880
The Brothers Karamazov
by Fyodor Dostoevsky, Russia
Novel
 
The Golovlyov Family
by Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Russia
Novel
1881
Lefty
by Nikolai Leskov, Russia
Novel
1886
Motley Stories
by Anton Chekhov, Russia
Story collection includes The Huntsman, and others
 
"Vanka"
by Anton Chekhov, Russia
Story
 
The Death of Ivan Ilyich
by Leo Tolstoy, Russia
Novella
1887
At Dusk
by Anton Chekhov, Russia
Story collection includes Dreams, A Trivial Occurrence, A Bad Business, At Home, A Restless Guest, On the Road, Agafya, and others
1889
The Kreutzer Sonata
by Leo Tolstoy, Russia
Novella
1891
The Duel
by Anton Chekhov, Russia
Novella
1896
The Seagull
by Anton Chekhov, Russia
Play
 
Beyond the Earth
by Konstantin Tsiolkovskiy, Russia
Novel
1899
"The Lady With the Dog"
by Anton Chekhov, Russia
Story
1900
Uncle Vanya
by Anton Chekhov, Russia
Play
1901
Three Sisters
by Anton Chekhov, Russia
Play
 
Resurrection
by Leo Tolstoy, Russia
Novel
1902
The Lower Depths
by Maxim Gorky, Russia
Play
 
The Power of Darkness
by Leo Tolstoy, Russia
Play
1903
The Cherry Orchard
by Anton Chekhov, Russia
Play
1905
Summerfolk
by Maxim Gorky, Russia
Play
1907
Mother
by Maxim Gorky, Russia
Novel
1908
The Seven Who Were Hanged
by Leonid Andreyev, Russia
Novel
1912
Hadji Murat
by Leo Tolstoy, Russia
Novella
1913
Petersburg
by Andrei Bely, Russia
Novel
 
My Childhood
by Maxim Gorky, Russia
Memoir
1915
A Cloud in Trousers
by Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russia
Poem
1918
The Twelve
by Alexasnder Blok, Russia
Poem
 
Memoirs of a Revolutionist
by Vera Figner, Russia
Memoir
1923
Chapayev
by Dmitry Furmanov, Russia
Novel
1924
The White Guard
by Mikhail Bulgakov, Russia
Novella
 
Cities and Years
by Konstantin Fedin, Russia
Novel
 
The Three Fat Men
by Yuri Olesha, Russia
Novel
 
The Iron Flood
by Alexander Serafimovich, Russia
Novel
1925
Heart of a Dog
by Mikhail Bulgakov, Russia
Novella
 
Mitya's Love
by Ivan Bunin, Russia
Novel
 
The Artomonov Business
by Maxim Gorky, Russia
Novel
 
We
by Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russia
Novel
1927
Sunset
by Isaac Babel, Russia
Play
 
The Twelve Chairs
by Ilya Ilf, Evgeny Petrov, Russia
Novel
 
Envy
by Yuri Olesha, Russia
Novel
1928
Chevengur
by Andrei Platonov, Russia
Novel
 
And Quiet Flows the Don
by Mikhail Sholokov, Russia
Novel
1929
The Bedbug
by Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russia
Play
1929–1943
Peter the Great
by Alexy Tolstoy, Russia
Novel
1930
The Life of Arseniev: Youth
by Ivan Bunin, Russia
Novel
 
The Foundation Pit
by Andrei Platonov, Russia
Novel
1931
Odessa Stories
by Isaac Babel, Russia
Story collection
 
The Little Golden Calf
by Ilya Ilf, Evgeny Petrov, Russia
Novel
1935
Soul
by Andrei Platonov, Russia
Novella
1935
Virgin Soil Upturned
by Mikhail Sholokov, Russia
Novel
 
Invitation to a Beheading
by Vladimir Nabokov, Russia
Novel
1937–1945
Stories about Lelya and Minka
by Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russia
Story collection
1938
The Gift
by Vladimir Nabokov, Russia
Novel
1939
The Old Woman
by Danill Kharms, Russia
Novella
1940
The on Flows Home to the Sea
by Mikhail Sholokov, Russia
Novel
1941
The Real Life of Sebastian Knight
by Vladimir Nabokov, Russia
Novel
1943
The Fifth Seal
by Mark Aldanov, Russia
Novel
1943–1973
Before Sunrise
by Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russia
Novel
1944
Red Cavalry
by Isaac Babel, Russia
Novel
 
Son of the Regiment
by Valentin Kataev, Russia
Novel
 
The Two Captains
by Veniamin Kaverin, Russia
Novel
1946
Dark Avenues
by Ivan Bunin, Russia
Story collection
 
The Young Guard
by Alexander Fadeyev, Russia
Novel
1950
Nervous People and Other Satires
by Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russia
Story collection
1955
Collected Stories
by Isaac Babel, Russia
Story collection
 
missing graphic
Lolita
by Vladimir Nabokov, Russia
Novel
1957
Pnin
by Vladimir Nabokov, Russia
Novel
 
Doctor Zhivago
by Boris Pasternak, Russia
Novel
 
Andromeda: A Space-Age Tale
by Ivan Yefremov, Russia
Novel
1962
Pale Fire
by Vladimir Nabokov, Russia
Novel
 
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
by Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Russia
Novella
1963
Requiem
by Anna Akhmatova, Russia
Poetry collection
1964
Antiworlds
by Andrey Voznesensky, Russia
Poetry collection
1965
Sofia Petrovna
by Lydia Chukovskaya, Russia
Novel
1965–2003
Alisa's Adventures
by Kir Bulychev, Russia, Novel and story cycle
1967
The Master and Margarita
by Mikhail Bulgakov, Russia
Novel
 
The ase of Comrade Tulayev
by Victor Serge, Russia
Novel
1968
Cancer Ward
by Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Russia
Novel
 
The First Circle
by Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Russia
Novel
1969
Ada or Ardor
by Vladimir Nabokov, Russia
Novel
 
The Life and Extraordinary Adventures of Private Ivan Chonkin
by Vladimir Voinovich, Russia
Novel
1970
A Dream in Polar Fog
by Yuri Rytkheu, Russia
Novel
1971
August 1914
by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russia
Novel
1972
Roadside Picnic
by Arkady and Boris Strugatski, Russia
Novel
1973
The Gulag Archipelago
by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russia
Nonfiction
 
Moscow-Petushki
by Venedikt Yerofeyev, Russia, Prose poem
1975
The Burn
by Vassily Aksyonov, Russia
Novel
1976
A School for Fools
by Sasha Sokolov, Russia
Novel
 
Yawning Heights
by Alexander Zinoviev, Russia
Novel
1977
A Part of Speech
by Joseph Brodsky, Russia
Poetry collection
 
What Is to Be Done?
by Nikolay Chernyshevsky, Russia
Novel
1978
Pushkin House
by Andrei Bitov, Russia
Novel
 
The Faculty of Useless Knowledge
by Yury Dombrovsky, Russia
Novel
 
Kolyma Tales
by Varlam Shalamov, Russia
Story collection
1979
It's Me, Eddie
by Eduard Limonov, Russia
Novel
1981
Compromise
by Sergei Dovlatov, Russia
Novel
1982
Rabbits and Boa Constrictors
by Fazil Iskander, Russia
Novel
 
Summer in Baden-Baden
by Leonard Tsypkin, Russia
Biography
1986
The Suitcase
by Sergei Dovlatov, Russia
Story collection
1990
Russian Beauty
by Victor Yerofeyev, Russia
Novel
1992
Lines of Fate
by Mark Kharitonov, Russia
Novel
 
The Time: Night
by Ludmila Petrushevskaya, Russia
Novella
 
Sldeepwalker in a Fog
by Tatyana Tolstaya, Russia
Story collection
1993
The Life of Insects
by Victor Pelevin, Russia
Novel
1996
Chapayev and Pustota
by Victor Pelevin, Russia
Novel
 
Medea and Her Children
by Lyudmila Ulitskaya, Russia
Novel
1998
The Slynx
by Tatyana Tolstaya, Russia
Novel
1998–2018
The Fandorin series
by Boris Akunin, Russia
Novel series includes The Winter Queen, The Turkish Gambit, Murder on the Leviathan, The Death of Achilles, and others
1999
The Taking of Izmail
by Mikhail Shishkin, Russia
Novel
2000
Hurramabad
by Andrei Volos, Russia
Novel
2005
Metro 2033
by Dmitry Glukhovsky, Russia
Novel
 
The Gold of the Rebellion
by Alexey Ivanov, Russia
Novel
2006
2017
by Olga Slavnikova, Russia
Novel
 
Day of the Oprichnik
by Vladimir Sorokin, Russia
Novel
 
Daniel Stein, Interpreter
by Lyudmila Ulitskaya, Russia
Novel
2008
Cranes abd Dwarfsa
by Leonid Yuzefovich, Russia
Novel
2009
The Gray House
by Miriam Petrosyan, Russia
Novel
 
There Once Lived a Woman Who Tried To Kill Her Neighbor's Baby
by Ludmila Petrushevskaya, Russia
Story collection
2010
The Light and the Dark
by Mikhail Shishkin, Russia
Novel
2011
The Big Green Tent
by Lyudmila Ulitskaya, Russia
Novel
2012
The Mountain and the Wall
by Alisa Ganieva, Russia
Novel
 
The Women of Lazarus
by Marina Stepnova, Russia
Novel
 
Laurus
by Eugene Vodolazkin, Russia
Novel
2014
The Monastery
by Zakhar Prilepin, Russia
Novel
2015
Three Apples Fell From the Sky
by Narine Abgaryan, Russia
Novel
 
Bride and Groom
by Alisa Ganieva, Russia
Novel
 
Zuleikha Opens Her Eyes
by Guzel Yakhina, Russia
Novel
2016
The Petrovs in and Around the Flat
by Alexey Salnikov, Russia
Novel
2017
June
by Dmitry Bykov, Russia
Novel
2019
Rock, Paper, Scissors: And Other Stories
by Maxim Osipov, Russia
Story collection
2021
Doctor Garin
by Vladimir Sorokin, Russia
Novel

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