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Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde first editionFirst edition

Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

Publication details ▽ Publication details △

First publication
1886

Literature form
Novella

Genres
Literary, science fiction, horror

Writing language
English

Author's country
Scotland

Length
Approx. 24,500 words

Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde scene 1931
Fredric March is wickedly wolfish with the ladies as Mr. Hyde in the acclaimed 1931 film.

Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

THE NOVELLA | THE TEXT | THE MOVIES

1920, 1931, 1941, 1960, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2008

Holy Jesus, Dr. Jekyll

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931): Director Rouben Mamoulian; writer Samuel Hoffenstein, Percy Heath; featuring Fredric March, Miriam Hopkins, Rose Hobart

The next major adaptation takes us into the early sound era and one of the most honoured of adaptations—with a Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde that expands upon the Barrymore film's storyline.

In the first few minutes Fredric March, who won an Academy Award for this performance, makes a dramatic speech in a medical lecture about the good and evil natures within each person and his attempts to separate them through chemistry—to liberate the good side. (Coincidentally, March was known before this film mainly for his stage and screen imitations of John Barrymore.)

And the doctor's good side is very good. Ridiculously so, actually. He's pretty near a Christ figure, as we're shown in scenes of him healing the sick and helping the lame to walk.

Again we follow Jekyll/Hyde almost exclusively, from his temptation by an older man to take up a life of dissipation (which he resists in saintly fashion), through his first transformations and his eventual addiction to the life of evil as Hyde.

The story is told with surprising sophistication for such an early film, with subjective camera perspectives, split screens and montages. However it ultimately collapses into a more conventional tale—a love story no less, as Jekyll's relationship with his long-waiting fiancĂ©e, the aristocratic Muriel (another character added by the Sullivan play and Barrymore film), takes centre stage. As does Hyde's brutal treatment of his bar-singing mistress, Ivy.

March as Jekyll March as HydeMarch's Jekyll is too self-righteously hammy but his Hyde is tremendous, a hairy athletic fellow, something like a wolf man. A scarily vicious, but wickedly clever, animal. The transformation scenes are laughable by today's standards but state of the art for that time—better than in films a decade or more later.

The expanded plot takes over an hour and a half. And my, how rich everyone has gotten. The doctor, his lover, his friends—they all live in large-roomed mansions you've never seen outside of old Hollywood movies.

One thing I like though is that the protagonist is called JEE-kul, as Stevenson intended.

— Eric McMillan

THE NOVELLA | THE TEXT | THE MOVIES

1920, 1931, 1941, 1960, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2008

See also:

Movies
Treasure Island

Movies
Kidnapped

Movies
Dracula

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