Christmas Carol first edition
First edition

A Christmas Carol

Publication details ▽ Publication details △

Original title
A Christmas Carol. In Prose. Being a Ghost Story of Christmas.

First publication
1843

Literary form
Novella

Genres
Literary

Language
English

Author's country
England

Length
Approx. 28,000 words

On Greatest lists
Scrooge 1970 scene

Albert Finney as Scrooge, left, confronts David Collings as Bob Crachit in the musical 1970 Christmas film.

A Chistmas Carol

THE NOVELLA | THE TEXT | THE MOVIES

Movies: 1935, 1938, 1951, 1970, 1978, 1984, 1988, 1988, 1997

A Scrooge you can mumble along with

Scrooge (1970): Director Ronald Neame Hurst; writ Leslie Bricusse; featuring Albert Finney, Edith Adams, Kenneth Moore, David Collings, Alec Guinness

Do we really need a musical version of essentially the same endearing and enduring 1951 film? Not much.

Yet the 1970 singing-dancing Scrooge is affecting nonetheless. It's in colour but of sombre tones and the superb acting lifts it into the top rank of Christmas Carol films.

Albert Finney, then only 34 years old by my calculations, is an effective old miser in the title role. (He's seen playing his real age only in the Christmas Past flashbacks.)

And, thank goodness, he doesn't often break into song. The big productions mainly feature other members of the cast while Scrooge either mumbles along or, when he's alone, speaks the lyrics Rex Harrison-style. In fact, Finney is a rather quiet Scrooge for much of the film, relying on his classic acting skills to get across his inner torment without a lot of histrionics.

The supporting cast is a Who's Who of English theatrical talent, with Dame Edith Evans as a classy Christmas Past, Kenneth More as the expansive Christmas Present and Alec Guinness as a Marley who, strangely, borders on comic, even as he's introducing Scrooge to hell in the Christmas Future segment.

Yes, that's one of the few wholesale additions to the Christmas Carol story by this movie treatment: Ebenezer goes beyond the famous graveyard scene into his own afterlife.

Oddly, it's literally also one of the brighter scenes in this Scrooge. Hell shines with 1970s Day-Glo colours as muscular henchmen chain Scrooge to his office as Lucifer's eternal clerk.

The conclusion departs also from the usual script, as for once Scrooge plays a central role in a big production number, this one seemingly involving the entire city of London. Everyone shares the joy of Scrooge's conversion, together singing and dancing to "I Love Life" and "Thank You". The movie aims to end on a high note and send you out humming the songs. And sure enough it works.

This may not be the most realistic or most dramatic Christmas Carol, but it could be the best feel-good movie of the group.

— Eric

THE NOVELLA | THE TEXT | THE MOVIES

Movies: 1935, 1938, 1951, 1970, 1978, 1984, 1988, 1988, 1997