The Greatest Literature of All Time

1,000 greatest works from 2100 BCE to 2010 CE
Click linked titles and authors for commentaries and more
BCE
c.2100–1200
Babylon
Poetry
c.1990
Egypt
Story
c.1875
Egypt
Story
c.1200–100
The Hebrew Bible (Old Testament)
Various
Israel
Prose, poetry
c.750
Greece
Poetry
 
Greece
Poetry
c.700
Greece
Poetry
 
Greece
Poetry
c.610–580
Sappho's Poems
Sappho
Greece
Poetry
c.600–500
Fables
Aesop
Greece
Stories
c.500–440
Epinician Odes
Pindar
Greece
Poetry
458
The Oresteia
Aeschylus
Greece
Drama series
c.450–425
Prometheus Bound
Aeschylus
Greece
Drama
442–441
Antigone
Sophocles
Greece
Drama
431
Medea
Euripides
Greece
Drama
430
Oedipus Rex
Sophocles
Greece
Drama
428
Hippolytus
Euripides
Greece
Drama
423
The Clouds
Aristophanes
Greece
Drama
c.420–410
Electra
Sophocles
Greece
Drama
418
Electra
Euripides
Greece
Drama
414
The Birds
Aristophanes
Greece
Drama
411
Lysistrata
Aristophanes
Greece
Drama
406
The Bacchae
Euripides
Greece
Drama
 
Oedipus at Colonus
Sophocles
Greece
Drama
c.400BCE–
400CE
Mahabharata
Anonymous
India
Poetry
c.380
The Republic
Plato
Greece
Dialogue
300–200
The Voyage of the Argonauts
Appollonius of Rhodes
Greece
Poetry series
 
Idylls
Theocritus
Greece
Poetry
 
Ramayana
Valmiki
India
Poetry
c.200
Menaechmi (The Twin Brothers)
Plautus
Rome
Drama
c.50
On the Nature of Things
Lucretius
Rome
Poetry
c.41–37
Eclogues
Virgil
Rome
Poetry
c.35–30
Satires
Horace
Rome
Poetry
c.29–16
Elegies
Sextus Propertius
Rome
Poetry
c.29–19
Aeneid
Virgil
Rome
Poetry
19
Odes
Horace
Rome
Poetry
c.10
Art of Love
Rome
Poetry
CE
c.8
Rome
Poetry
c.50
Media
Lucius Annaeus Seneca
Rome
Drama
 
Hercules Furens
Lucius Annaeus Seneca
Rome
Drama
c.60-70
Satyricon
Arbiter Petronius
Rome
Prose, poetry
c.65–100
The New Testament
Various
Israel
Prose, poetry
c.100
Parallel Lives
Plutarch
Greece
Biog.
c.100–127
Satires
Juvenal
Rome
Poetry series
c.150
The Golden Ass
Lucius Apuleius
Rome
Prose
c.300
The Vision of Vasavadatta
Bhasa
India
Drama
c.400
The Recognition of Sakuntala
Kalidasa
India
Drama
c.700
England
Poetry
c.759
Anthology of a Myriad Leaves
Kakinomoto no Hitomaro et al
Japan
Poetry
c.800–1400
One Thousand and One Nights
Anonymous
Persia
Stories
c.1000
The Pillow Book of Sei Shonagon
Sei Shonagon
Japan
Diary
c.1000–1300
The Poetic Edda
Anonymous
Iceland
Poetry
c.1010
The Book of Kings
Abolgasem
Persia
Stories
c.1020
Japan
Prose
c.1100
Rubáiyát
Omar Khayyam
Persia
Poetry
 
Song of Roland
Anonymous
France
Poetry
c.1100–1250
Volsungsaga
Anonymous
Iceland
Poetry
c.1140
The Poem of the Cid
Anonymous
Spain
Poetry
c.1145
King Rother
Anonymous
Germany
Poetry
c.1177–1181
Launcelot
Chrétien de Troyes
France
Poetry
c.1180
Lais
Marie de France
France
Poetry
1181–1190
Perceval
Chrétien de Troyes
France
Poetry
c.1190
The Conference of the Birds
Farid od-Din Attar
Persia
Poetry
c.1200
The Nibelungenlied
Anonymous
Germany
Poetry
 
The Prose Edda
Snorri Sturlson
Iceland
Prose
c.1200–1210
Parzival
Wolfram von Eschenbach
Germany
Poetry
1210
Tristan und Isolde
Gottfied von Strassburg
Germany
Poetry
1220
The Tale of the Heike
Anonymous
Japan
Prose
1230–1275
Romance of the Rose
Guillaume de Lorris, Jean de Meun
France
Poetry
c.1250
The Saga of Burnt Njal
Anonymous
Iceland
Poetry
 
Mathnawi
Jalal od-Din Rumi
Persia
Poetry
c.1270
The Garden of Roses
Musharrif od-Din Sadi
Persia
Poetry
1294
The New Life
Alighieri Dante
Italy
Poetry, prose
1307
The Divine Comedy
Alighieri Dante
Italy
Poetry
1327
Le Rime
Francesco Petrarch
Italy
Poetry
1348
Decameron
Giovanni Boccaccio
Italy
Poetry
c.1350
Diwan
Mohammad Shams od-Din Hafiz
Persia
Poetry
1352
The Triumphs
Giovanni Boccaccio
Italy
Poetry
c.1360–1400
Romance of Three Kingdoms
Luo Guanzhong
China
Novel
 
Outlaws of the Marsh
Luo Guanzhong
China
Novel
1362
The Vision of Piers the Ploughman
William Langland
England
Poetry
c.1380
Pearl
Anonymous
England
Poetry
c.1382–1386
Troilus and Cressida
Geoffrey Chaucer
England
Poetry
1387
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
Anonymous
England
Poetry
c.1387–1400
The Canterbury Tales
Geoffrey Chaucer
England
Poetry, prose
c.1400
Atsumori
Zeami Motokiyo
Japan
Drama
c.1405
The Book of the City of Ladies
Christine de Pizan
Italy
Prose narrative
1461
The Great Testament
François Villon
France
Poetry
1485
Everyman
Anonymous
England
Drama
 
Le Morte Darthur
Thomas Malory
England
Poetry
1486
Orlando Innamorato
Matteo Maria Boiardo
Italy
Poetry
1492
Prison of Love
Diego de San Pedro
Spain
Novel
1494
Narrenschiff
Sebastian Brant
Germany
Poetry
1499
La Celestina
Fernando de Rojas
Spain
Novel
1509
The Ship of Fools
Alexander Barclay
England
Poetry
1516
Orlando Furioso
Ludovico Ariosto
Italy
Poetry
 
Utopia
Thomas More
England
Novel
1517
The Tunnyng of Elynour Rummyng
John Skelton
England
Poetry
1528
The Book of the Courtier
Baldasarre Castiglione
Italy
Dialogue
1532–1564
Gargantua and Pantagruel
Francois Rabelais
France
Novels
1558
The Heptameron
Marguerite de Navarre
France
Stories
1572
The Lusiads
Luis de Camoëns
Portugal
Poetry
1575
Jerusalem Delivered
Torquato Tasso
Italy
Poetry
1580–1581
Arcadia
Philip Sidney
England
Poetry
1586
The Spanish Tragedy
Thomas Kyd
England
Drama
1587
Tamburlaine the Great
Christopher Marlowe
England
Drama
 
Doctor Faustus
Christopher Marlowe
England
Drama
 
Oroonoko
Aphra Behn
England
Novel
1589
The Faerie Queen
Edmund Spenser
England
Poetry
c.1590
The Golden Lotus
Anonymous
China
Novel
c.1590–1599
Satires
John Donne
England
Poetry
 
Elegies
John Donne
England
Poetry
1591
Richard III
William Shakespeare
England
Drama
 
Astrophel and Stella
Philip Sidney
England
Poetry
1592
Christopher Marlowe
England
Drama
1594
A Midsummer Night's Dream
England
Drama
c.1596
England
Drama
1598
The Peony Pavilion
Tang Xianzu
China
Drama
1599
The Passionate Shepherd to His Love
Christopher Marlowe
England
Poem
1601
England
Drama
c.1601
Twelfth Night
England
Drama
1603
A Woman Killed with Kindness
Thomas Heywood
England
Drama
1604
England
Drama
1604–1605
The Honest Whore
Thomas Dekker
England
Drama
1605–1615
Spain
Novel
1606
Volpone
Ben Jonson
England
Drama
c.1606
England
Drama
 
England
Drama
1609
England
Poetry
1610
The Alchemist
Ben Jonson
England
Drama
1611
England
Drama
1613
The Duchess of Malfi
John Webster
England
Drama
1622
The Changeling
Thomas Middleton, William Rowley
Play
England
1633
’Tis Pity She’s a Whore
John Ford
England
Drama
 
The Temple
George Herbert
England
Poetry
1635
Life Is a Dream
Pedro Calderón de la Barca
Spain
Drama
1637
Le Cid
Pierre Corneille
France
Drama
1643
The Mayor of Zalamea
Pedro Calderón de la Barca
Spain
Drama
1648
Hesperides
Robert Herrick
England
Poetry
1662
The School for Wives
France
Drama
1664
France
Drama
1666
France
Drama
1667
Paradise Lost
John Milton
England
Poetry
 
Andromaque
Jean Racine
France
Drama
1668–1694
Fables
Jean de La Fontaine
France
Poetry
1670
France
Drama
1671
Samson Agonistes
John Milton
England
Poetry
1675
The Country Wife
William Wycherley
England
Drama
1676
The Plain Dealer
William Wycherley
England
Drama
1677
All for Love
John Dryden
England
Poetry
 
Phaedra
Jean Racine
France
Drama
1678
The Pilgrim’s Progress
John Bunyan
England
Poetry
 
La Princesse de Clèves
Madame de La Fayette
France
Novel
1681
To His Coy Mistress
Andrew Marvell
England
Poem
 
Absalom and Achitophel
John Dryden
England
Poetry
1682
The Life of an Amorous Man
Ihara Saikaku
Japan
Novel
1692
Dream
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz
Mexico
Poem
1699
The Adventures of Telemachus
François de Salignac de la Mothe Fénelon
France
Novel
1700
The Way of the World
William Congreve
England
Drama
1712–1714
England
Poem
1719
Daniel Defoe
England
Novel
1722
Moll Flanders
Daniel Defoe
England
Novel
1726
Gulliver’s Travels
Jonathan Swift
England
Novel
1728
The Beggar’s Opera
John Gay
England
Drama
1728–1742
The Dunciad
England
Poetry
1731
Manon Lescaut
l’Abbé (Antoine François) Prévost
France
Novel
1731–1741
The Life of Marianne
Pierre Marivaux
France
Novel
1740
Pamela
Samuel Richardson
England
Novel
1742
Joseph Andrews
Henry Fielding
England
Novel
1748
Clarissa
Samuel Richardson
England
Novel
1749
Tom Jones
Henry Fielding
England
Novel
 
Elegy Written in a Churchyard
Thomas Gray
England
Poem
1751
The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle
Tobias Smollett
England
Novel
1753
The Mistress of the Inn
Carlo Goldoni
Italy
Drama
1759–1767
England
Novel
1759
Rasselas, Prince of Abyssinia
Samuel Johnson
France
Novel
 
Candide
François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire
England
Novel
1764
The Castle of Otranto
Horace Walpole
England
Novel
1771
Humphrey Clinker
Tobias Smollett
England
Novel
1774
The Sorrows of Young Werther
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Germany
Novel
1775
The Rivals
Richard Sheridan
England
Drama
 
The Barber of Seville
Pierre Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais
France
Drama
1777
The School for Scandal
Richard Sheridan
England
Drama
1778
Evelina
Fanny Burney
England
Novel
1779
Nathan the Wise
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
Germany
Drama
1782
Dangerous Liaisons
Pierre Choderlos de Laclos
France
Novel
1784
The Marriage of Figaro
Pierre Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais
France
Drama
1785
The Task
William
Cowper
Drama
1788
Emmeline
Charlotte Turner Smith
England
Novel
1789
Songs of Innocence
William Blake
England
Poetry
1791–1792
Dream of the Red Chamber
Cao Zhan
China
Novel
 
Life of Samuel Johnson
James Boswell
England
Biography
1793
The Old Manor
Charlotte Turner Smith
England
Novel
1794
Songs of Experience
William Blake
England
Poetry
 
The Mysteries of Udolpho
Ann Radcliff
England
Novel
1795
Ode to Joy
Friedrich Schiller
Germany
Poem
1795–1796
William Meister’s Apprenticeship
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Germany
Novel
1796
The Monk
Matthew Lewis
England
Novel
 
Jacques the Fatalist and His Master
Denis Diderot
France
Novel
1797
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
England
Poem
1797–99
Hyperion
Friedrich Hölderlin
Germany
Novel
1797–1806
Hymns and Fragments
Friedrich Hölderlin
Germany
Poetry
1798
Speed the Plough
Thomas Morton
England
Drama
 
Lyrical Ballads
William Wordsworth, Samuel Coleridge
England
Poetry
 
Wieland
Charles Brockden Brown
USA
Novel
1799
Ormond
Charles Brockden Brown
USA
Novel
1800
Castle Rackrent
Maria Edgeworth
Ireland
Novel
1802
Delphine
Madame de Stael
France
Novel
1804
William Tell
Friedrich Schiller
Germany
Drama
1805
René
François René de Chateaubriand
France
Novel
 
The Marquise of O...
Heinrich von Kleist
Germany
Story
1807
Poems
William Wordsworth
England
Poetry
1808–1832
Faust
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Germany
Drama
1810
The Lady of the Lake
Walter Scott
Scotland
Poetry
1811
Sense and Sensibility
England
Novel
 
Michael Kohlhaas
Heinrich von Kleist
Germany
Novella
1812
Poems
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Germany
Poetry
1812–1857
Germany
Stories
1813
Pride and Prejudice
England
Novel
 
Swiss Family Robinson
Johann David Wyss
Switzer.
Novel
1814
Mansfield Park
England
Novel
 
Waverly
Walter Scott
Scotland
Novel
1815
England
Novel
1815–1816
The Devil's Elixir
E.T.A. Hoffmann
Germany
Novel
1816
Kubla Khan
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
England
Poem
1818
Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage
George Gordon Byron
England
Poetry
 
Endymion
John Keats
England
Poetry
 
Nightmare Abbey
Thomas Love Peacock
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Ozymandias
Percy Bysshe Shelley
England
Poem
1819
Ivanhoe
Walter Scott
Scotland
Novel
1819–1824
Don Juan
George Gordon Byron
England
Poetry
1820
Odes
John Keats
England
Poetry
 
Prometheus Unbound
Percy Byssche Shelley
England
Poetry
 
Melmoth the Wanderer
Charles Maturin
Ireland
Novel
1821
Prince Friedrich of Homburg
Heinrich von Kleist
Germany
Drama
 
Poems
William Cullen Bryant
USA
Poetry
1825
Diary
Samuel Pepys
England
Diary
 
Boris Godunov
Alexander Pushkin
Russia
Poetry
 
Eugene Onegin
Alexander Pushkin
Russia
Poetry
 
The Talisman
Walter Scott
Scotland
Novel
1825–1842
The Betrothed
Alessandro Manzoni
Italy
Novel
1826
The Last of the Mohicans
James Fennimore Cooper
USA
Novel
1827
Book of Songs
Heinrich Heine
Germany
Poetry
1831
Queen Margot
Alexandre Dumas
France
Drama
 
The Red and the Black
Stendhal
France
Novel
 
The Hunchback of Notre-Dame
Victor-Marie Hugo
France
Novel
1831–1835
Canti
Giacomo Leopardi
Italy
Poetry
1833
Eugénie Grandet
Honoré de Balzac
France
Novel
 
Lélia
George Sand
France
Novel
1834
Old Goriot
Honoré de Balzac
France
Novel
1835
Chatterton
Alfred de Vigny
France
Drama
 
Young Goodman Brown
Nathaniel Hawthorne
USA
Story
1836
The Government Inspector
Nikolai Gogol
Ukraine
Drama
1837
Twice-Told Tales
Nathaniel Hawthorne
USA
Stories
1839
The Charterhouse of Parma
Stendhal
France
Novel
 
England
Novel
1840
A Hero of Our Time
Mikhail Lermontov
Russia
Novel
 
The Deerslayer
James Fennimore Cooper
USA
Novel
1842
My Last Duchess
Robert Browning
England
Poem
 
The Nursery Rhymes of England
James Orchard Halliwell
England
Poetry
 
The Demon
Mikhail Lermontov
Russia
Poem
 
Dead Souls
Nikolai Gogol
Ukraine
Novel
 
The Demon
Mikhail Lermontov
Russia
Poem
1843
England
Novella
1843–1847
A Harlot High and Low
Honoré de Balzac
France
Novel
1844
Poems
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
England
Poetry
 
The Luck of Barry Lyndon
William Makepeace Thackeray
England
Novel
 
The Count of Monte-Cristo
Alexandre Dumas
France
Novel
1845
The Three Musketeers
Alexandre Dumas
France
Novel
 
Carmen
Prosper Mérimée
France
Novel
 
The Raven and Other Poems
USA
Poetry
 
Tales
USA
Stories
1846
Cousin Bette
Honoré de Balzac
France
Novel
 
The Devil's Pool
George Sand
France
Novel
 
The Man in the Iron Mask
Alexandre Dumas
France
Novel
 
The Cask of Amontillado
USA
Story
1846–1863
The Book of Nonsense
Edward Lear
England
Novel
1847
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Evangeline
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
USA
Poetry
1848
Mary Barton
Elizabeth Gaskell
England
Novel
 
Vanity Fair
William Makepeace Thackeray
England
Novel
1850
Poems
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
England
Poetry
 
In Memoriam
Alfred Lord Tennyson
England
Poetry
 
The Prelude
William Woodsworth
England
Poetry
 
The Black Tulip
Alexandre Dumas
France
Novel
 
The Scarlet Letter
Nathaniel Hawthorne
USA
Novel
1851
Moby Dick
Herman Melville
USA
Novel
 
The House of Seven Gables
Nathaniel Hawthorne
USA
Novel
1852
Camille
Alexandre Dumas (fils)
France
Drama
 
Enamels and Cameos
Théophile Gautier
France
Poetry
 
A Sportsman’s Sketches
Ivan Turgenev
Russia
Stories
 
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Harriet Beecher Stowe
USA
Novel
1853
Les Chatiments
Victor-Marie Hugo
France
Poetry
 
England
Novel
 
Bartleby the Scrivener
Herman Melville
USA
Story
1855
Men and Women
Robert Browning
England
Poetry
 
North and South
Elizabeth Gaskell
England
Novel
 
The Warden
Anthony Trollope
England
Novel
 
Leaves of Grass
Walt Whitman
USA
Poetry
1857
Gustave Flaubert
France
Novel
 
The Flowers of Evil
Charles Baudelaire
France
Poetry
 
Barchester Towers
Anthony Trollope
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Idylls of the King
Alfred Lord Tennyson
England
Poetry
 
The Virginians
William Makepeace Thackeray
England
Novel
 
Oblomov
Ivan Alexandrovich Goncharov
Russia
Novel
1860
The Storm
Alexander Ostrovsky
Russia
Drama
1861
England
Novel
 
Silas Marner
England
Novel
1862
Goblin Market and Other Poems
Christina Rossetti
England
Poetry
 
Les Misérables
Victor-Marie Hugo
France
Novel
 
Fathers and Sons
Ivan Turgenev
Russia
Novel
1864
A Journey to the Centre of the Earth
Jules Verne
France
Novel
1865
Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland
Lewis Carroll
England
Novel
1865–1869
War and Peace
Leo Tolstoy
Russia
Novel
1866
Crime and Punishment
Fyodor Dostoyevski
Russia
Novel
 
Poems and Ballads
Algernon Swinburne
England
Poetry
1867
Peer Gynt
Henrik Ibsen
Norway
Drama
1868
England
Novel
 
Little Women
Louisa May Alcott
USA
Novel
1869
Lorna Doone
Richard Blackmore
England
Novel
 
Phineas Finn
Anthony Trollope
England
Novel
 
A Sentimental Education
Gustave Flaubert
France
Novel
 
Collected Poems
Matthew Arnold
England
Poetry
1870
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea
Jules Verne
France
Novel
1870–1881
The House of Life
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
England
Poetry
1871
Through the Looking-Glass
Lewis Carroll
England
Novel
1872
Fairy Tales and Stories
Hans Christian Andersen
Denmark
Stories
 
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
The Possessed
Fyodor Dostoyevski
Russia
Novel
1873
Around the World in Eighty Days
Jules Verne
France
Novel
 
A Season in Hell
Arthur Rimbaud
France
Poetry
1874
L’Après-midi d’un faune
Stéphane Mallarmé
France
Poetry
 
The Idiot
Fyodor Dostoyevski
Russia
Novel
 
Anna Karenina
Leo Tolstoy
Russia
Novel
1875
The Way We Live Now
Anthony Trollope
England
Novel
1876
Daniel Deronda
England
Novel
 
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
Mark Twain
USA
Novel
1879
The Egoist
George Meredith
England
Novel
 
Jacques Vingtras
Jules Valles
France
Novel
 
A Doll’s House
Henrik Ibsen
Norway
Drama
 
The Red Room
August Strindberg
Sweden
Novel
1880
Nana
Émile Zola
France
Novel
 
The Brothers Karamazov
Fyodor Dostoyevski
Russia
Novel
 
Ben-Hur
Lew Wallace
USA
Novel
1881
Sagesse
Paul Verlaine
France
Poetry
 
The Portrait of a Lady
Henry James
USA
Novel
1882
Ismaelillo
José Marti
Cuba
Poetry
 
Mademoiselle Fifi
Guy de Maupassant
France
Stories
1884
Cavalleria Rusticana
Giovanni Verga
Italy
Novel
 
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Mark Twain
USA
Novel
1985
King Solomon's Mines
H. Rider Haggard
England
Novel
 
Bel Ami
Guy de Maupassant
France
Novel
 
Germinal
Émile Zola
France
Novel
 
The Death of Ivan Ilyich
Leo Tolstoy
Russia
Novella
 
Scotland
Novel
1887
Poésies
Stéphane Mallarmé
France
Poetry
 
The Father
August Strindberg
Sweden
Drama
1888
The Man Who Would Be King
Rudyard Kipling
England
Novel
1889
Three Men in a Boat
Jerome K. Jerome
England
Novel
 
The Master of Ballantrae
Scotland
Novel
 
Miss Julie
August Strindberg
Sweden
Drama
 
A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court
Mark Twain
USA
Novel
1890
Poems
Emily Dickinson
USA
Poetry
 
News from Nowhere
William Morris
England
Novel
 
The Picture of Dorian Gray
Oscar Wilde
Ireland
Novel
 
Hedda Gabler
Henrik Ibsen
Norway
Drama
 
An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge
Ambrose Bierce
USA
Story
1892
Pelleas and Melisande
Maurice Maeterlinck
Belgium
Drama
 
The Diary of a Nobody
George and Weedon Grossmith
England
Novel
 
The Yellow Wallpaper
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
USA
Story
1893
The Master Builder
Henrik Ibsen
Norway
Drama
 
The Second Mrs. Tanqueray
Arthur Wing Pinero
England
Drama
1894
Arms and the Man
George Bernard Shaw
Ireland
Drama
 
Esther Waters
George Moore
Ireland
Novel
 
The Jungle Book
Rudyard Kipling
England
Stories
 
Tevye Stories
Sholom Aleichem
Ukraine
Stories
1895
The Importance of Being Ernest
Oscar Wilde
Ireland
Drama
 
The Time Machine
H.G. Wells
England
Novel
 
Effi Briest
Theodor Fontane
Germany
Novel
 
Lilith
George MacDonald
Scotland
Novel
1895–1899
Poems
W.B. Yeats
Ireland
Poetry
1896
The Sea Gull
Anton Chekhov
Russia
Drama
 
England
Novel
 
The Bostonians
Henry James
England
Novel
 
A Shropshire Lad
Alfred E. Housman
England
Poetry
 
The Island of Doctor Moreau
H.G. Wells
England
Novel
1897
Ireland
Novel
1898
Poland
Novel
 
The War of the Worlds
H.G. Wells
England
Novel
 
Cyrano de Bergerac
Edmond Rostand
France
Drama
 
The Turn of the Screw
Henry James
USA
Novella
1899
Hunger
Knut Hamsun
Norway
Novel
 
Ward Number Six
Anton Chekhov
Russia
Story
 
The Awakening
Kate Chopin
USA
Novel
1900
Poland
Novel
 
Uncle Vanya
Anton Chekhov
Russia
Drama
 
Sister Carrie
Theodore Dreiser
USA
Novel
 
Monsieur Beaucaire
Booth Tarkington
USA
Novel
1901
The Broken Nest
Rabindranath Tagore
Bengal
Novella
 
Kim
Rudyard Kipling
England
Novel
 
Germany
Novel
 
The Three Sisters
Anton Chekhov
Russia
Drama
 
Resurrection
Leo Tolstoy
Russia
Novel
1902
England
Novella
 
The Wings of the Dove
Henry James
USA
Novel
1903
The Cherry Orchard
Anton Chekhov
Russia
Drama
 
Man and Superman
George Bernard Shaw
Ireland
Drama
 
The Riddle of the Sands
Erskine Childers
England
Novel
 
The Ambassadors
Henry James
USA
Novel
 
The Call of the Wild
Jack London
USA
Novel
1904
Riders to the Sea
John Millington Synge
Ireland
Drama
 
Nostromo
Poland
Novel
 
The Golden Bowl
Henry James
USA
Novel
 
The Sea Wolfe
Jack London
USA
Novel
 
Cabbages and Kings
O. Henry
USA
Stories
1905
Songs of Life and Hope
Rubén Darío
Nicaragua
Poetry
 
Major Barbara
George Bernard Shaw
Ireland
Drama
 
The House of Mirth
Edith Wharton
USA
Novel
1906
The Jungle
Upton Sinclair
USA
Novel
1906–1928
The Forsyte Saga
John Galsworthy
England
Novels
1907
Songs of a Sourdough
Robert Service
Canada
Poetry
 
Mother
Maxim Gorky
Russia
Novel
 
The Playboy of the Western World
John Millington Synge
Ireland
Drama
 
The Longest Journey
E.M. Forster
England
Novel
1908
The Old Wives’ Tale
Arnold Bennett
England
Novel
 
A Room With a View
E.M. Forster
England
Novel
 
The Wind in the Willows
Kenneth Grahame
England
Novel
 
Tono Bungay
H.G. Wells
England
Novel
1909
Penguin Island
Anatole France
France
Novel
1910
Howards End
E.M. Forster
England
Novel
 
Jean-Christophe
Romain Rolland
France
Novel
 
Ethan Frome
Edith Wharton
USA
Novel
1912
Gitanjali: Song Offerings
Rabindranath Tagore
Bengal
Poetry
 
Germany
Novel
 
The Gods are Athirst
Anatole France
France
Novel
 
Zuleika Dobson
Max Beerbohm
England
Novel
 
Poetical Works
Robert Bridges
England
Poetry
 
Riders of the Purple Sage
Zane Grey
USA
Novel
1913
Le Grand Meaulnes
Alain-Fournier
France
Novel
 
My Childhood
Maxim Gorky
Russia
Memoir
 
Sons and Lovers
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
1913–1927
In Search of Lost Time
Marcel Proust
France
Novels
1914
Platero and I
Juan Ramón Jiménez
Spain
Poetry
 
Ireland
Stories
 
Tarzan of the Apes
Edgar Rice Burroughs
USA
Novel
1914–1917
Golpoguchchho (Bunch of Stories)
Rabindranath Tagore
Bengal
Stories
 
The Good Soldier
Ford Maddox Ford
England
Novel
 
The Rainbow
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
 
Of Human Bondage
W. Somerset Maugham
England
Novel
 
Spoon River Anthology
Edgar Lee Masters
USA
Poetry
1916
France
Novel
 
The Underdogs
Mariano Azuela
Mexico
Novel
 
The Metamorphosis
Franz Kafka
Czech.
Novel
 
Pygmalion
George Bernard Shaw
Ireland
Drama
 
Chicago Poems
Carl Sandburg
USA
Poetry
1917
La Jeune Parque
Paul Valéry
France
Poetry
 
A Cloud in Trousers
Vladimir Mayakovsky
Russia
Poetry
1918
The Breasts of Tiresias
Guillaume Apollinaire
France
Drama
 
Prelude
New Zealand
Story
 
The Twelve
Alexander Blok
Russia
Poetry
 
Poems
Gerard Manley Hopkins
England
Poetry
 
USA
Novel
1919
China
Novella
 
The Moon and Sixpence
W. Somerset Maugham
England
Novel
 
Winesburg, Ohio
Sherwood Anderson
USA
Novel
1920
Poems
Wilfred Owen
England
Poetry
 
Main Street
Sinclair Lewis
USA
Novel
 
A Few Figs from Thistles
Edna St. Vincent Millay
USA
Poetry
 
The Age of Innocence
Edith Wharton
USA
Novel
1920–1923
The Good Soldier Schweik
Jaroslav Hasek
Czech.
Novel
1921
Six Characters in Search of an Author
Luigi Pirandello
Italy
Drama
 
Women in Love
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
 
Poems
Marianne Moore
USA
Poetry
1922
The Kiss of the Leper
Francois Mauriac
France
Novel
 
Ireland
Novel
 
The Worm Ouroboros
E.R. Eddison
England
Novel
 
England
Poetry
 
Babbitt
Sinclair Lewis
USA
Novel
 
The Facade
Edith Sitwell
USA
Novel
1923
Duino Elegies
Rainer Maria Rilke
Germany
Poetry
 
The Confessions of Zeno
Italo Svevo
Italy
Novel
 
Chapayev
Dmitry Furmanov
Russia
Novel
 
Saint Joan
George Bernard Shaw
Ireland
Drama
 
New Hampshire
Robert Frost
USA
Poetry
 
Tulips and Chimneys
e.e. cummings
USA
Poetry
 
Harmonium
Wallace Stevens
USA
Poetry
1924
Juno and the Paycock
Sean O'Casey
Ireland
Drama
 
The Magic Mountain
Germany
Novel
 
A Passage to India
E.M. Forster
England
Novel
 
The Most Dangerous Game
Richard Connell
USA
Story
 
So Big
Edna Ferber
USA
Novel
 
Billy Budd, Foretopman
Herman Melville
USA
Novel
1925
The Trial
Franz Kafka
Czech.
Novel
 
Residence on Earth and Other Poems
Pablo Neruda
Chile
Poetry
 
England
Poetry
 
Parade’s End
Ford Maddox Ford
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
An American Tragedy
Theodore Dreiser
USA
Novel
 
USA
Stories
1925–1970
The Cantos
Ezra Pound
USA
Poetry
1926
The Castle
Franz Kafka
Czech.
Novel
 
Orpheus
Jean Cocteau
France
Drama
 
The Counterfeiters
André Gide
France
Novel
 
The Plough and the Stars
Eugene O’Casey
Ireland
Drama
 
Winnie-the-Pooh
A.A. Milne
England
Stories
1927
Jalna
Mazo de la Roche
Canada
Novel
 
Steppenwolf
Herman Hesse
Germany
Novel
 
Elmer Gantry
Sinclair Lewis
USA
Novel
 
The Bridge of San Luis Rey
Thornton Wilder
USA
Novel
 
The Three-Penny Opera
Bertolt Brecht
Germany
Drama
 
Nadja
André Breton
France
Novel
 
And Quiet Flows the Don
Mikhail Sholokov
Russia
Novel
 
Lady Chatterley’s Lover
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
 
The Tower
W.B. Yeats
Ireland
Poetry
1928–1935
Gypsy Ballads
Federico Garcia Lorca
Spain
Poetry
1929
A High Wind in Jamaica
Richard Hughes
England
Novel
 
Children of the Game
Jean Cocteau
France
Novel
 
Berlin Alexanderplatz
Alfred Döblin
Germany
Novel
 
The Time of Indifference
Alberto Moravia
Italy
Novel
 
The Sound and the Fury
William Faulkner
USA
Novel
 
Look Homeward, Angel
Thomas Wolfe
USA
Novel
1929–1943
Peter the Great
Alexy Tolstoy
Russia
Novel
1930
As I Lay Dying
William Faulkner
USA
Novel
 
The Bridge
Hart Crane
USA
Poetry
1930–1936
USA
John Dos Passos
USA
Novels
1930–1943
The Man Without Qualities
Robert Musil
Austria
Novel
1931
The Family
Pa Chin
China
Novel
 
The Waves
England
Novel
 
Night Flight
Antoine de Saint-Exupery
France
Novel
 
Pearl S. Buck
USA
Novel
 
These 13
William Faulkner
USA
Story
 
At the Mountains of Madness
H.P. Lovecraft
USA
Novel
1932
England
Novel
 
Journey to the End of the Night
Louis-Ferdinand Céline
France
Novel
 
Viper’s Tangle
Francois Mauriac
France
Novel
 
The Crime of Inspector Maigret
Georges Simenon
France
Novel
 
Tobacco Road
Erskine Caldwell
USA
Novel
 
Light in August
William Faulkner
USA
Novel
 
Guys and Dolls
Damon Runyan
USA
Stories
1932–1935
The Studs Lonigan Trilogy
James T. Farrell
USA
Novels
1933
Blood Wedding
Federico Garcia Lorca
Spain
Dramas
 
Man’s Fate
André Malraux
France
Novel
 
The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas
Gertrude Stein
USA
Novel
 
Miss Lonelyhearts
Nathaniel West
USA
Novel
1933–1951
Le Réel
Louis Aragon
France
Novels
 
Murder on the Orient Express
Agatha Christie
England
Novel
 
A Handful of Dust
Evelyn Waugh
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Tropic of Cancer
Henry Miller
USA
Novel
1934–1935
Independent People
Halldór Laxness
Iceland
Novel
1935
The Tower of Babels
Elias Canetti
Belgium
Novel
 
China
Stories
 
The Treasure of the Sierra Madre
B. Traven
Mexico
Novel
 
Call It Sleep
Henry Roth
USA
Novel
 
Awake and Sing!
Clifford Odets
USA
Drama
1936
Rickshaw Boy
Lao She
China
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Absalom, Absalom!
William Faulkner
USA
Novel
 
Gone with the Wind
Margaret Mitchell
USA
Novel
1937
Out of Africa
Isak Dinesen
Denmark
Memoir
 
The Hobbitt
J.R.R. Tolkien
England
Novel
 
Bread and Wine
Ignazio Silone
Italy
Novel
 
The Red Pony
USA
Stories
1938
Falling of Trees
Gabriela Mistral
Chile
Poetry
 
Rebecca
Daphne du Maurier
England
Novel
 
Brighton Rock
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
Scoop
Evelyn Waugh
England
Novel
 
Nausea
Jean-Paul Sartre
France
Novel
 
The Death of the Heart
Elizabeth Bowen
Ireland
Novel
 
Human Poems
Cesar Vallejo
Peru
Poetry
 
The Fathers
Allen Tate
USA
Novel
 
Our Town
Thornton Wilder
USA
Drama
1939
Mother Courage and Her Children
Bertolt Brecht
Germany
Drama
 
Ireland
Novel
 
At Swim-Two-Birds
Flann O’Brien
Ireland
Novel
 
The Day of the Locust
Nathaniel West
USA
Novel
 
Lillian Hellman
USA
Drama
 
Pale Horse, Pale Rider
Katherine Anne Porter
USA
Stories
1940
The Don Flows Home to the Sea
Mikhail Sholokov
Russia
Novel
 
The Power and the Glory
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
Another Time
W.H. Auden
England
Poetry
 
The Heart is a Lonely Hunter
Carson McCullers
USA
Novel
 
Native Son
Richard Wright
USA
Novel
1941
Blithe Spirit
Noel Coward
England
Drama
 
USA
Story
 
The Secret Life of Walter Mitty
James Thurber
USA
Story
 
A Curtain of Green
Eudora Welty
USA
Stories
 
The Outsider
Albert Camus
Algeria
Novel
 
The Fountainhead
Ayn Rand
USA
Novel
1944
Antigone
Jean Anouilh
France
Drama
 
Our Lady of the Flowers
Jean Genet
France
Novel
 
No Exit
Jean-Paul Sartre
France
Drama
 
Fictions
Jorge Luis Borges
Argentina
Stories
 
The Horse’s Mouth
Joyce Cary
England
Novel
1945
The Tin Flute
Gabrielle Roy
Canada
Novel
 
Loving
Henry Green
England
Novel
 
England
Novella
 
Evelyn Waugh
England
Novel
 
The Madwoman of Chaillot
Jean Giraudoux
France
Drama
 
The Caucasian Chalk Circle
Bertolt Brecht
Germany
Drama
 
The Glass Bead Game
Herman Hesse
Germany
Novel
 
The Glass Menagerie
Tennessee Williams
USA
Drama
 
Black Boy
Richard Wright
USA
Novel
1945–1949
Roads to Freedom
Jean-Paul Sartre
France
Novels
1946
Zorba the Greek
Nikos Kazantzakis
Greece
Novel
 
Mr. President
Miguel Angel Asturias
Guatemala
Novel
 
Lord Weary's Castle
Robert Lowell
USA
Poetry
 
The Iceman Cometh
Eugene O’Neill
USA
Drama
 
All the King’s Men
Robert Penn Warren
USA
Novel
 
Fern Hill
Dylan Thomas
Wales
Poem
 
Bridge on the Drina
Ivo Andric
Yugoslavia
Novel
1946–1958
Paterson
William Carlos Williams
USA
Poetry
1946–1959
Gormenghast
Mervyn Peake
England
Novels
1947
Under the Volcano
Malcolm Lowry
Canada
Novel
 
The Path to the Nest of Spiders
Italo Calvino
Italy
Novel
 
The Age of Anxiety
W.H. Auden
England
Poetry
 
The Maids
Jean Genet
France
Drama
 
Eustace and Hilda
L.P. Hartley
England
Novel
 
Snow Country
Yasunari Kawabata
Japan
Novel
 
A Streetcar Named Desire
Tennessee Williams
USA
Drama
1948
Ring Round the Moon
Jean Anouilh
France
Drama
 
Cry, the Beloved Country
Alan Paton
South Africa
Novel
 
The Heart of the Matter
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
Death Fugue
Paul Célan
Romania
Poem
1949
The Second Sex
Simone de Beauvoir
France
Novel
 
Men of Maize
Miguel Angel Asturias
Guatemala
Novel
 
The Third Man
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
The Man With the Golden Arm
Nelson Algren
USA
Novel
 
Death of a Salesman
Arthur Miller
USA
Drama
 
The Sheltering Sky
Paul Bowles
USA
Novel
 
Shane
Jack Schaefer
USA
Novel
1950
The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe
C.S. Lewis
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
The Martian Chronicles
Ray Bradbury
USA
Stories
 
USA
Stories
 
Come Back, Little Sheba
William Inge
USA
Drama
1951
Memoirs of Hadrian
Marguerite Yourcenar
Belgium
Novel
 
The Day of the Triffids
John Wyndham
England
Novel
 
The End of the Affair
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
Spartacus
Howard Fast
USA
Novel
 
The Autumn Garden
Lillian Hellman
USA
Novel
 
From Here to Eternity
James Jones
USA
Novel
 
Lie Down in Darkness
William Styron
USA
Novel
 
Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night
Dylan Thomas
Wales
Poem
1951–1953
The Trilogy
Samuel Beckett
Ireland
Novels
1951–1975
A Dance to the Music of Time
Anthony Powell
England
Novels
1951–1993
USA
Novels
1952
The Chairs
Eugene Ionesco
France
Drama
 
Waiting for Godot
Samuel Beckett
Ireland
Drama
 
Invisible Man
Ralph Ellison
USA
Novel
 
Wise Blood
Flannery O'Connor
USA
Novel
 
Charlotte’s Web
E.B. White
USA
Novel
1953
Childhood's End
Arthur C. Clarke
England
Novel
 
The Adventures of Augie March
Saul Bellow
USA
Novel
 
The Waking
Theodore Roethke
USA
Poetry
 
Ray Bradbury
USA
Novel
1954
Lucky Jim
Kingsley Amis
England
Novel
 
Lord of the Flies
William Golding
England
Novel
 
Under the Net
Iris Murdoch
England
Novel
 
The Mandarins
Simone de Beauvoir
France
Novel
 
Go Tell It on the Mountain
James Baldwin
USA
Novel
 
Under Milk Wood
Dylan Thomas
Wales
Drama
1954–1955
Lord of the Rings
J.R.R. Tolkien
England
Novels
1955
Judith Hearne
Brian Moore
Canada
Novel
 
Pedro Paramo
Juan Rulfo
Mexico
Novel
 
The Quiet American
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
The Less Deceived
Philip Larkin
England
Poetry
 
The Recognitions
William Gaddis
USA
Novel
 
The Talented Mr. Ripley
Patricia Highsmith
USA
Novel
 
Howl and Other Poems
Allen Ginsberg
USA
Poetry
 
A Good Man Is Hard to Find
Flannery O'Connor
USA
Story
 
A Child's Christmas in Wales
Dylan Thomas
Wales
Memoir
1956
The Devil to Pay in the Backlands
João Guimarães Rosa
Brazil
Novel
 
Look Back in Anger
John Osburn
England
Drama
 
The Visit
Friedrich Dürrenmatt
Switzer.
Drama
 
Long Day’s Journey into Night
Eugene O’Neill
USA
Drama
 
Things of This World
Richard Wilbur
USA
Poetry
 
Night
Elie Wiesel
USA
Memoir
 
Cat on a Hot Tin Roof
Tennessee Williams
USA
Drama
1956–1957
The Cairo Trilogy
Naguib Mahfouz
Egypt
Novels
1957
Voss
Patrick White
Australia
Novel
 
Room at the Top
John Braine
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Jealousy
Alain Robbe-Grillet
France
Novel
 
Endgame
Samuel Beckett
Ireland
Drama
 
Doctor Zhivago
Boris Pasternak
Russia
Novel
 
The Wapshot Chronicle
John Cheever
USA
Novel
 
USA
Novel
 
Atlas Shrugged
Ayn Rand
USA
Novel
1957–1960
The Alexandria Quartet
Laurence Durrell
England
Novels
1958
Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon
Jorge Amado
Brazil
Novel
 
The Caretaker
Harold Pinter
England
Drama
 
The Once and Future King
T.H. White
England
Novel
 
Saturday Night and Sunday Morning
Alan Sillitoe
England
Novel
 
Things Fall Apart
Chinua Achebe
Nigeria
Novel
 
The Leopard
Giusseppe Tomasi de Lampedusa
Italy
Novel
 
Lolita
Valdimir Nabokov
Russia
Novel
 
Breakfast at Tiffany’s
Truman Capote
USA
Novella
 
A Coney Island of the Mind
Lawrence Ferlinghetti
USA
Poetry
 
The Tin Drum
Günter Grass
Germany
Novel
 
The Golden Notebook
Doris Lessing
England
Novel
 
Henderson the Rain King
Saul Bellow
USA
Novel
 
Naked Lunch
William S. Burroughs
USA
Novel
 
Life Studies
Robert Lowell
USA
Poetry
1960
The Woman at the Washington Zoo
Randal Jarrell
USA
Poetry
 
To Kill A Mockingbird
Harper Lee
USA
Novel
 
A Canticle for Leibowitz
Walter M. Miller
USA
Novel
1960–1990
Rabbit Angstrom
John Updike
USA
Novels
1961
On Heroes and Tombs
Ernesto Sabato
Argentina
Novel
 
The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie
Muriel Spark
England
Novel
 
Solaris
Stanislaw Lem
Poland
Novel
 
Zima Junction
Yevgeny Yevtushenko
Russia
Poetry
 
A House for Mr Biswas
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad
Novel
 
Catch 22
Joseph Heller
USA
Novel
 
The Moviegoer
Walker Percy
USA
Novel
 
Franny and Zooey
J.D. Salinger
USA
Novel
1962
The Green House
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru
Novel
 
The Death of Artemio Cruz
Carlos Fuentes
Mexico
Novel
 
Pale Fire
Vladimir Nabokov
Russia
Novel
 
A Clockwork Orange
Anthony Burgess
England
Novel
 
Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Edward Albee
USA
Drama
 
The Reivers
William Faulkner
USA
Novel
 
One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest
Ken Kesey
USA
Novel
 
Ship of Fools
Katherine Anne Porter
USA
Novel
1963
The Garden Party
Vaclav Havel
Czech.
Drama
 
The Clown
Heinrich Boll
Germany
Novel
 
Hopscotch
Julio Cortazar
Argentina
Novel
 
Selected Poems
Octavio Paz
Mexico
Poetry
 
The Spy Who Came in from the Cold
John Le Carré
England
Novel
 
The Crucible
Arthur Miller
USA
Drama
 
Another Country
James Baldwin
USA
Novel
 
Cat's Cradle
Kurt Vonnegut
USA
Novel
 
Herzog
Saul Bellow
USA
Novel
 
The Swimmer
John Cheever
USA
Story
1965
Dune
Frank Herbert
USA
Novel
1965–1970
Sea of Fertility
Yukio Mishima
Japan
Novels
1966
Canada
Novel
 
The Magus
John Fowles
England
Novel
 
Black Sheep
Georgette Heyer
England
Novel
 
Wide Sargasso Sea
Jean Rhys
England
Novel
 
The Crystal World
J.G. Ballard
England
Novel
 
Season of Migration to the North
Tayeb Salih
Sudan
Novel
 
Giles Goat-Boy
John Barth
USA
Novel
 
In Cold Blood
Truman Capote
USA
Novel
 
The Crying of Lot 49
Thomas Pynchon
USA
Novel
 
Live or Die
Anne Sexton
USA
Poetry
1967
One Hundred Years of Solitude
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia
Novel
 
The Silent Cry
Oe Kenzaburo
Japan
Novel
 
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead
Tom Stoppard
USA
Drama
 
The Chosen
Chaim Potok
USA
Novel
 
The Confessions of Nat Turner
William Styron
USA
Novel
 
Camp Concentration
Thomas Disch
USA
Novel
1968
2001: A Space Odyssey
Arthur C. Clarke
England
Novel
 
Cancer Ward
Alexander Solzhenitsyn
Russia
Novel
 
The First Circle
Alexander Solzhenitsyn
Russia
Novel
 
Belle du Seigneur
Albert Cohen
Switzerland
Novel
 
Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?
USA
Novel
 
The Lion in Winter
James Goldman
USA
Drama
 
Couples
John Updike
USA
Novel
 
Myra Breckinridge
Gore Vidal
USA
Novel
1968–2001
USA
Novels
1969
Selected Poetry
Irving Layton
Canada
Poetry
 
Little Painted Mouths
Manuel Puig
Argentina
Novel
 
The French Lieutenant’s Woman
John Fowles
England
Novel
 
Slaughterhouse Five
Kurt Vonnegut
USA
Novel
 
Portnoy’s Complaint
Philip Roth
USA
Novel
 
them
Joyce Carol Oates
USA
Novel
 
The Godfather
Mario Puzo
USA
Novel
1970
Fifth Business
Robertson Davies
Canada
Novel
 
Kamouraska
Anne Hébert
Canada
Novel
 
I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
Maya Angelou
USA
Memoir
 
Deliverance
James Dickey
USA
Novel
1971
Lives of Girls and Women
Alice Munro
Canada
Stories
 
Crow
Ted Hughes
England
Novel
 
In a Free State
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad
Novel
 
The Bell Jar
Sylvia Plath
USA
Novel
 
Angle of Repose
Wallace Stegner
USA
Novel
1971–1983
USA
Novels
1972
All Creatures Great and Small
James Herriot
England
Stories
 
Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas
Hunter S. Thompson
USA
Novel
 
The Sunlight Dialogues
John Gardner
USA
Novel
1973
Gravity’s Rainbow
Thomas Pynchon
USA
Novel
 
Burr
Gore Vidal
USA
Novel
1974
Canada
Novel
 
The Conservationist
Nadine Gordimer
S. Africa
Novel
 
The Dispossessed
USA
Novel
 
The Black Prince
Iris Murdoch
England
Novel
1975
The Periodic Table
Primo Levi
Italy
Memoir
 
The Monkey Wrench Gang
Edward Abbey
USA
Novel
 
Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror
John Ashbery
USA
Poetry
 
Ragtime
E.L. Doctorow
USA
Novel
1976
Roots: The Saga of an American Family
Alex Haley
USA
Novel
1977
The Wars
Timothy Findley
Canada
Novel
 
Song of Solomon
Toni Morrison
USA
Novel
1978
The Sea, the Sea
Iris Murdoch
England
Novel
 
Life a User’s Manual
Georges Perecs
France
Novel
 
Buried Child
Sam Shepard
USA
Drama
1978–2004
The Dark Tower
Stephen King
USA
Novels
1979
If On a Winter’s Night a Traveller
Italo Calvino
Italy
Novel
 
A Bend in the River
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad
Novel
 
The Burgher’s Daughter
Nadine Gordimer
S. Africa
Novel
 
The Ghost Writer
Philip Roth
USA
Novel
 
Sophie’s Choice
William Styron
USA
Novel
1980
A Part of Speech
Joseph Brodsky
Russia
Poetry
1981
Obasan
Joy Kogawa
Canada
Novel
 
The White Hotel
D.M. Thomas
England
Novel
 
Midnight's Children
Salman Rushdie
India
Novel
 
What We Talk About When We Talk About Love
Raymond Carver
USA
Stories
1982
Schindler’s List
Thomas Keneally
Australia
Novel
 
Shoeless Joe
W.P. Kinsella
Canada
Novel
 
Noises Off
Michael Frayn
England
Drama
 
Baltasar and Blimunda
José Sagamago
Portugal
Novel
 
"Master Harold"...and the Boys
Athol Fugard
S. Africa
Drama
 
The Changing Light at Sandover
James Merrill
USA
Poetry
 
The Color Purple
Alice Walker
USA
Novel
1983
The Life and Times of Michael K
J.M. Coetzee
S. Africa
Novel
 
Ironweed
William Kennedy
USA
Novel
 
LaBrava
Elmore Leonard
USA
Novel
1984
Neuromancer
William Gibson
Canada
Novel
 
The Unbearable Lightness of Being
Milan Kundera
Czech.
Novel
 
Money
Martin Amis
England
Novel
 
Hotel du Lac
Anita Brookner
England
Novel
 
Bright Lights, Big City
Jay McInerney
USA
Novel
 
Foreign Affairs
Alison Lurie
USA
Novel
 
Glengarry Glen Ross
David Mamet
USA
Drama
1985
Black Robe
Brian Moore
Canada
Novel
 
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia
Novel
 
Continental Drift
Russell Banks
USA
Novel
 
White Noise
Don DeLillo
USA
Novel
 
Lonesome Dove
Larry McMurtry
USA
Novel
 
The Accidental Tourist
Anne Tyler
USA
Novel
1985–1986
The New York Trilogy
Paul Auster
USA
Novels
1987
The Stone Diaries
Carol Shields
Canada
Novel
 
In the Skin of A Lion
Michael Ondaatje
Canada
Novel
 
The Radiant Way
Margaret Drabble
England
Novel
 
USA
Novel
 
Misery
Stephen King
USA
Novel
 
Beloved
Toni Morrison
USA
Novel
1988
Oscar and Lucinda
Peter Carey
Australia
Novel
 
The Satanic Verses
Salman Rushdie
India
Novel
 
The Joy Luck Club
Amy Tan
USA
Novel
 
Breathing Lessons
Anne Tyler
USA
Novel
1989
The Remains of the Day
Kazuo Ishiguro
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
London Fields
Martin Amis
England
Novel
 
The Storyteller
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru
Novel
 
A Prayer for Owen Meany
USA
Novel
1989–1997
Hyperion Cantos
Dan Simmons
USA
Novels
1990
Soul Mountain
Gao Xingjian
China
Novel
 
Possession
A.S. Byatt
England
Novel
 
Omeros
Derek Walcott
St. Lucia
Poetry
 
Six Degrees of Separation
John Guare
USA
Drama
 
Get Shorty
Elmore Leonard
USA
Novel
1991
Generation X
Douglas Coupland
Canada
Novel
 
The Book of Disquiet
Fernando Pessoa
Portugal
Novel
1991–1995
Regeneration
Pat Barker
England
Novels
1992
The English Patient
Michael Ondaatje
Canada
Novel
 
The Crow Road
Iain Banks
Scotland
Novel
 
Angels in America
Tony Kushner
USA
Drama
 
Oleanna
David Mamet
USA
Drama
1993
Away
Jane Urquhart
Canada
Novel
 
Birdsong
Sebastian Faulks
England
Novel
 
Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha
Roddy Doyle
Ireland
Novel
 
The Shipping News
Annie Proulx
United States
Novel
1994
Captain Corelli's Mandolin
Louis de Bernieres
England
Novel
1994–1995
The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle
Haruki Murakami
Japan
Novel
1995
A Fine Balance
Rohinton Mistry
Canada
Novel
 
The Information
Martin Amis
England
Novel
 
Blindness
José Sagamago
Portugal
Novel
1995–2000
His Dark Materials
Philip Pullman
England
Novels
1996
Selected Stories
Mavis Gallant
Canada
Stories
 
Fall on Your Knees
Ann-Marie MacDonald
Canada
Novel
 
Infinite Jest
David Foster Wallace
USA
Novel
1997
Underworld
Don DeLillo
USA
Novel
 
Mason and Dixon
Thomas Pynchon
USA
Novel
 
American Pastoral
Philip Roth
USA
Novel
1998
The Hours
Michael Cunningham
USA
Novel
 
The Poisonwood Bible
Barbara Kingsolver
USA
Novel
 
USA
Novel
1999
Barney’s Version
Mordecai Richler
Canada
Novel
 
The Life and Times of Michael K
J.M. Coetzee
S. Africa
Novel
 
Hearts in Atlantis
Stephen King
USA
Story
 
Interpreter of Maladies
Jhumpa Lahiri
USA
Stories
 
White Teeth
Zadie Smith
England
Novel
 
The Human Stain
Philip Roth
USA
Novel
2001
True History of the Kelly Gang
Peter Carey
Australia
Novel
 
Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage
Alice Munro
Canada
Stories
 
Clara Callan
Richard B. Wright
Canada
Novel
 
American Gods
Neil Gaiman
England
Novel
 
Austerlitz
W.G. Sebald
Germany
Novel
 
The Corrections
Jonathan Franzen
USA
Novel
 
Atonement
Ian McEwan
USA
Novel
 
Pastoralia
George Saunders
USA
Stories
2002
Life of Pi
Yann Martel
Canada
Novel
 
The Story of Lucy Gault
Ireland
Novel
 
A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius
Dave Eggers
USA
Memoir
 
Middlesex
Jeffrey Eugenides
USA
Novel
2003
Vernon God Little
DBC Pierre
USA
Novel
 
The Fortress of Solitude
Jonathan Lethem
USA
Novel
2004
2666
Roberto Bolaño
Chile
Novel
 
Jonathan Strange & Mr. Norrell
Susanna Clarke
Emgland
Novel
2005
Never Let Me Go
Kazuo Ishiguro
England
Novel
 
The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo
Stieg Larsson
Sweden
Novel
 
The History of Love
Nicole Krauss
USA
Novel
2006
The Road
Cormac McCarthy
USA
Novel
2007
The Great Man
Kate Christenson
USA
Novel
 
The Yiddish Policemen's Union
Michael Chabon
USA
Novel
 
The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao
Junot Díaz
USA
Novel
2009
Wolf Hall
Hilary Mantel
England
Novel
2010
Freedom
Jonathan Franzen
USA
Novel

 
How works were selected | What columns mean

missing graphic
Gilgamesh, Mitchell version
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missing graphic
The Literature of Ancient Egypt
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missing graphic
Iliad, trans. Lattimore
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US Can UK

missing graphic
The Odyssey, trans. Lattimore
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missing graphic
Theogony, Works and Days, and Elegies
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