The 666 Greatest Novels of All Time

Click linked titles and authors for commentaries

c.60–70
Satyricon
Arbiter Petronius
Rome
Prose and poetry
c.150
The Golden Ass
Lucius Apuleius
Rome
Prose narrative
c.1020
Japan
Prose narrative
c.1200
The Prose Edda
Snorri Sturlson
Iceland
Prose narrative
c.1220
The Tale of the Heike
Anonymous
Japan
Prose narrative
c.1360–1400
Romance of the Three Kingdoms
Luo Guanzhong
China
Novel
c.1360–1589
Water Margin
Shi Nai'an, Luo Guanzhong
China
Novel
1492
Prison of Love
Diego de San Pedro
Spain
Novel
1499
La Celestina
Fernando de Rojas
Spain
Novel
1532
Pantagruel
Francois Rabelais
France
Novel
1580–1581
Arcadia
Philip Sidney
England
Prose narrrative
c.1590
The Golden Lotus
Lanling Xiaoxiao Sheng
China
Novel
1592
Journey to the West
Wu Cheng'en
China
Novel
1605
Investiture of the Gods
Xu Zhonglin
China
Novel
1605–1615
Spain
Novel
1678
The Pilgrim's Progress
John Bunyan
England
Prose narrative
1682
The Life of an Amorous Man
Ihara Saikaku
Japan
Novel
1699
The Adventures of Telemachus
François de Salignac de la Mothe Fénelon
France
Novel
1719
Daniel Defoe
England
Novel
1722
Moll Flanders
Daniel Defoe
England
Novel
1726
Gulliver's Travels
Jonathan Swift
England
Novel
1731
Manon Lescant
Antoine François Prévost
France
Novel
1740
Pamela
Samuel Richardson
England
Novel
1742
Joseph Andrews
Henry Fielding
England
Novel
1748
Clarissa
Samuel Richardson
England
Novel
1749
Tom Jones
Henry Fielding
England
Novel
1750
The Scholars
Wu Jingzi
China
Novel
1751
The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle
Tobias Smollett
England
Novel
1759–1767
England
Novel
1761
Julie; or, The New Heloise
Jean Jacques Rousseau
England
Novel
1771
Humphrey Clinker
Tobias Smollett
England
Novel
1774
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Germany
Novel
1778
Evelina
Fanny Burney
England
Novel
1782
Dangerous Liaisons
Pierre Choderlos de Laclos
France
Novel
1788
Emmeline
Charlotte Turner Smith
England
Novel
1791
The Dream of the Red Chamber
Cao Zhan
China
Novel
1794
The Mysteries of Udolpho
Ann Radcliffe
England
Novel
1795–1796
William Meister's Apprenticeship
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Germany
Novel
1796
Camilla
Fanny Burney
England
Novel
 
The Monk
Matthew Lewis
England
Novel
 
Jacques the Fatalist and His Master
Denis Diderot
France
Novel
1797–1799
Hyperion
Friedrich Holderlin
Germany
Novel
1798
Wieland
Charles Brockden Brown
United States
Novel
1800
Castle Rackrent
Maria Edgeworth
Ireland
Novel
1802
Delphine
Germaine de Staël
France
Novel
1811
England
Novel
1812
Swiss Family Robinson
Johann David Wyss
Switzer.
Novel
1813
England
Novel
1814
England
Novel
 
Waverley
Walter Scott
Scotland
Novel
1815
England
Novel
1815–1816
The Devil's Elixir
E.T.A. Hoffmann
Germany
Novel
1817
England
Novel
 
Rob Roy
Walter Scott
Scotland
Novel
1818
England
Novel
1819
Ivanhoe
Walter Scott
Scotland
Novel
1820
Melmoth the Wanderer
Charles Maturin
Ireland
Novel
1825–1842
The Betrothed
Alessandro Manzoni
Italy
Novel
1826
The Last of the Mohicans
James Fennimore Cooper
United States
Novel
1827
Flowers in a Mirror
Li Ruzhen
China
Novel
1831
The Red and the Black
Stendhal
France
Novel
 
Victor-Marie Hugo
France
Novel
1833
Eugénie Grandet
Honoré de Balzac
France
Novel
 
Lélia
George Sand
France
Novel
1834
Old Goriot
Honore de Balzac
France
Novel
1837–1843
Lost Illusions
Honoré de Balzac
France
Novel
1838
England
Novel
1839
Nicholas Nickleby
England
Novel
 
The Charterhouse of Parma
Stendhal
France
Novel
1840
A Hero of Our Time
Mikhail Lermontov
Russia
Novel
1841
The Deerslayer
James Fennimore Cooper
United States
Novel
1842
Dead Souls
Nikolai Gogol
Ukraine
Novel
1843–1847
A Harlot High and Low
Honoré de Balzac
France
Novel
1844
The Luck of Barry Lyndon
William Makepeace Thackeray
England
Novel
 
The Count of Monte-Cristo
Alexandre Dumas
France
Novel
1845
The Three Musketeers
Alexandre Dumas
France
Novel
1846
Cousin Bette
Honoré de Balzac
France
Novel
 
The Devil's Pool
George Sand
France
Novel
 
The Man in the Iron Mask
Alexandre Dumas
France
Novel
1847
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
1848
The Tenant of Wildfell Hall
Anne Brontë
England
Novel
 
Mary Barton
Elizabeth Gaskell
England
Novel
 
Vanity Fair
William Makepeace Thackeray
England
Novel
1850
The Black Tulip
Alexandre Dumas
France
Novel
 
Nathaniel Hawthorne
United States
Novel
1851
Moby Dick
Herman Melville
United States
Novel
 
The House of Seven Gables
Nathaniel Hawthorne
United States
Novel
1852
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Harriet Beecher Stowe
United States
Novel
1853
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Cranford
Elizabeth Gaskell
England
Novel
1854
England
Novel
1855
North and South
Elizabeth Gaskell
England
Novel
 
The Warden
Anthony Trollope
England
Novel
1857
Gustave Flaubert
France
Novel
 
Barchester Towers
Anthony Trollope
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
The Virginians
William Makepeace Thackeray
England
Novel
 
Oblomov
Ivan Alexandrovich Goncharov
Russia
Novel
1860
England
Novel
 
Max Havelaar
Multatuli
Holland
Novel
1861
England
Novel
 
Silas Marner
England
Novel
1862
Les Misérables
Victor-Marie Hugo
France
Novel
 
Fathers and Sons
Ivan Turgenev
Russia
Novel
1864
A Journey to the Centre of the Earth
Jules Verne
France
Novel
1865
Our Mutual Friend
England
Novel
1865–1869
War and Peace
Leo Tolstoy
Russia
Novel
1866
Crime and Punishment
Fyodor Dostoyevski
Russia
Novel
1868
England
Novel
1868–1869
Little Women
Louisa May Alcott
United States
Novel
1869
Lorna Doone
Richard Blackmore
England
Novel
 
Phineas Finn
Anthony Trollope
England
Novel
 
A Sentimental Education
Gustave Flaubert
France
Novel
1870
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea
Jules Verne
France
Novel
1872
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
The Possessed
Fyodor Dostoyevski
Russia
Novel
1873
Around the World in Eighty Days
Jules Verne
France
Novel
 
The Idiot
Fyodor Dostoyevski
Russia
Novel
 
Anna Karenina
Leo Tolstoy
Russia
Novel
1875
The Way We Live Now
Anthony Trollope
England
Novel
1876
Daniel Deronda
George Eliot
England
Novel
 
Mark Twain
United States
Novel
1877
The Drunkard
Émile Zola
France
Novel
1879
The Egoist
George Meredith
England
Novel
 
Jacques Vingtras
Jules Valles
France
Novel
 
The Red Room
August Strindberg
Sweden
Novel
1880
Nana
Émile Zola
France
Novel
 
The Brothers Karamazov
Fyodor Dostoyevski
Russia
Novel
 
Ben-Hur
Lew Wallace
United States
Novel
1881
The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cuba
Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis
Brazil
Novel
 
The Portrait of a Lady
Henry James
United States
Novel
 
Mark Twain
United States
Novel
1884
Cavalleria Rusticana
Giovanni Verga
Italy
Novel
 
Mark Twain
United States
Novel
1885
King Solomon's Mines
H. Rider Haggard
England
Novel
 
Marius the Epicurean
Walter Pater
England
Novel
 
Bel Ami
Guy de Maupassant
France
Novel
 
Germinal
Émile Zola
France
Novel
 
Scotland
Novel
1887
She
H. Rider Haggard
England
Novel
1889
Three Men in a Boat
Jerome K. Jerome
England
Novel
 
Mark Twain
United States
Novel
 
News from Nowhere
William Morris
England
Novel
 
Oscar Wilde
Ireland
Novel
1892
The Diary of a Nobody
George and Weedon Grossmith
England
Novel
1894
Esther Waters
George Moore
Ireland
Novel
1895
Effi Briest
Theodor Fontane
Germany
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1896
England
Novel
 
The Bostonians
Henry James
England
Novel
 
The Island of Doctor Moreau
H.G. Wells
England
Novel
1897
Ireland
Novel
 
Pharaoh
Boleslaw Prus
Poland
Novel
1898
The War of the Worlds
H.G. Wells
England
Novel
1899
Hunger
Knut Hamsun
Norway
Novel
 
The Awakening
Kate Chopin
United States
Novel
1900
England
Novel
 
Sister Carrie
Theodore Dreiser
United States
Novel

Back to top

1901
Rudyard Kipling
England
Novel
 
Germany
Novel
 
Resurrection
Leo Tolstoy
Russia
Novel
 
The Wings of the Dove
Henry James
United States
Novel
1903
England
Novel
 
The Riddle of the Sands
Erskine Childers
England
Novel
 
The Ambassadors
Henry James
United States
Novel
1904
Nostromo
Joseph Conrad
England
Novel
 
The Golden Bowl
Henry James
United States
Novel
 
The Sea Wolfe
Jack London
United States
Novel
1905
The House of Mirth
Edith Wharton
United States
Novel
 
The Crime of Sylvestre Bonnard
Anatole France
France
Novel
 
The Jungle
Upton Sinclair
United States
Novel
1907
The Travels of Lao Can
Liu E
China
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Mother
Maxim Gorky
Russia
Novel
1908
Anne of Green Gables
Lucy Maude Montgomery
Canada
Novel
 
The Old Wives' Tale
Arnold Bennett
England
Novel
 
A Room With a View
E.M. Forster
England
Novel
 
The Wind in the Willows
Kenneth Grahame
England
Novel
1909
Penguin Island
Anatole France
France
Novel
1910
Howards End
E.M. Forster
England
Novel
 
Jean-Christophe
Romain Rolland
France
Novel
1911
England
Novel
1912
The Gods are Athirst
Anatole France
France
Novel
 
Zuleika Dobson
Max Beerbohm
England
Novel
 
Riders of the Purple Sage
Zane Grey
United States
Novel
1913
Sons and Lovers
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
 
Le Grand Meaulnes
Alain-Fournier
France
Novel
 
O Pioneers!
Willa Cather
United States
Novel
1913–1927
In Search of Lost Time
Marcel Proust
France
Novel
1914
Tarzan of the Apes
Edgar Rice Burroughs
United States
Novel
1915
The Rainbow
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
 
The Good Soldier
Ford Maddox Ford
England
Novel
 
Of Human Bondage
W. Somerset Maughham
England
Novel
1916
The Home and the World
Rabindranath Tagore
Bengal
Novel
 
France
Novel
 
The Underdogs
Mariano Azuela
Mexico
Novel
1918
United States
Novel
 
The Magnificent Ambersons
Booth Tarkington
United States
Novel
1919
The Moon and Sixpence
W. Somerset Maughham
England
Novel
 
Winesburg, Ohio
Sherwood Anderson
United States
Novel
1920
Main Street
Sinclair Lewis
United States
Novel
 
The Age of Innocence
Edith Wharton
United States
Novel
1920–1923
The Good Soldier Schweik
Jaroslav Hasek
Czech.
Novel
1921
Women in Love
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
1922
The Kiss of the Leper
Francois Mauriac
France
Novel
 
Ireland
Novel
 
The Worm Ouroboros
E.R. Eddison
England
Novel
 
Babbitt
Sinclair Lewis
United States
Novel
 
The Facade
Edith Sitwell
United States
Novel
1923
The Confessions of Zeno
Italo Svevo
Italy
Novel
 
Chapayev
Dmitry Furmanov
Russia
Novel
1924
The Magic Mountain
Germany
Novel
 
The Iron Flood
Alexander Serafimovich
Russia
Novel
 
A Passage to India
E.M. Forster
England
Novel
 
So Big
Edna Ferber
United States
Novel
1925
The Trial
Franz Kafka
Czech.
Novel
 
The Murder of Roger Ackroyd
England
Novel
 
Parade's End
Ford Maddox Ford
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
The Professor's House
United States
Novel
 
An American Tragedy
Theodore Dreiser
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Arrowsmith
Sinclair Lewis
United States
Novel
1926
The Castle
Franz Kafka
Czech.
Novel
 
The Counterfeiters
André Gide
France
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1927
England
Novel
 
Steppenwolf
Herman Hesse
Germany
Novel
1928
A Flower in a Sinful Sea
Jin Tianhe, Zeng Pu
China
Novel
 
Lady Chatterley's Lover
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
 
Nadja
André Breton
France
Novel
 
And Quiet Flows the Don
Mikhail Sholokov
Russia
Novel
 
Quicksand
Nella Larsen
United States
Novel
1929
A High Wind in Jamaica
Richard Hughes
England
Novel
 
Children of the Game
Jean Cocteau
France
Novel
 
Berlin Alexanderplatz
Alfred Döblin
Germany
Novel
 
The Time of Indifference
Alberto Moravia
Italy
Novel
 
The Sound and the Fury
William Faulkner
United States
Novel
 
Red Harvest
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Look Homeward, Angel
Thomas Wolfe
United States
Novel
1929–1943
Peter the Great
Alexy Tolstoy
Russia
Novel
1930
The 42nd Parallel
John Dos Passos
United States
Novel
 
As I Lay Dying
William Faulkner
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1930–1943
The Man Without Qualities
Robert Musil
Austria
Novel
1931
The Family
Pa Chin
China
Novel
 
The Waves
England
Novel
 
Pearl S. Buck
United States
Novel
 
At the Mountains of Madness
H.P. Lovecraft
United States
Novel
1932
England
Novel
 
Journey to the End of the Night
Louis-Ferdinand Céline
France
Novel
 
Viper's Tangle
Francois Mauriac
France
Novel
 
The Crime of Inspector Maigret
Georges Simenon
Belgium
Novel
 
Tobacco Road
Erskine Caldwell
United States
Novel
 
Light in August
William Faulkner
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1933
Man's Fate
André Malraux
France
Novel
 
The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas
Gertrude Stein
United States
Novel
1933–1944
Le Réel
Louis Aragon
France
Novels
 
How the Steel Was Tempered
Nikolai Ostrovsky
Russia
Novel
 
The Nine Tailors
Dorothy L. Sayers
England
Novel
 
A Handful of Dust
Evelyn Waugh
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Tropic of Cancer
Henry Miller
United States
Novel
1934–1935
Independent People
Halldór Laxness
Iceland
Novel
1935
The Tower of Babels
Elias Canetti
Belgium
Novel
 
Dorothy L. Sayers
England
Novel
 
Untouchable
Mulk Raj Anand
India
Novel
 
The Treasure of the Sierra Madre
B. Traven
Mexico
Novel
 
Judgment Day
James T. Farrell
United States
Novel
 
Call It Sleep
Henry Roth
United States
Novel
1936
Rickshaw Boy
Lao She
China
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Nightwood
Djuna Barnes
United States
Novel
 
Absalom, Absalom!
William Faulkner
United States
Novel
 
Gone with the Wind
Margaret Mitchell
United States
Novel
1937
The Hobbit
J.R.R. Tolkien
England
Novel
 
The Blind Owl
Sadegh Hedayat
Iran
Novel
 
Bread and Wine
Ignazio Silone
Italy
Novel
 
Their Eyes Were Watching God
Zora Neale Hurston
United States
Novel
1938
Rebecca
Daphne du Maurier
England
Novel
 
Brighton Rock
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
Scoop
Evelyn Waugh
England
Novel
 
The Years
England
Novel
 
The Code of the Woosters
P.G. Wodehouse
England
Novel
 
Nausea
Jean-Paul Sartre
France
Novel
 
The Death of the Heart
Elizabeth Bowen
Ireland
Novel
 
The Fathers
Allen Tate
United States
Novel
 
Goodbye to Berlin
Christopher Isherwood
England
Novel
 
Ireland
Novel
 
At Swim-Two-Birds
Flann O'Brien
Ireland
Novel
 
The Day of the Locust
Nathanael West
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1940
The Man Who Loved Children
Christina Stead
Australia
Novel
 
The Power and the Glory
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
The Don Flows Home to the Sea
Mikhail Sholokov
Russia
Novel
 
Farewell, My Lovely
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
The Heart is a Lonely Hunter
Carson McCullers
United States
Novel
 
Native Son
Richard Wright
United States
Novel
1941
Herself Surprised
Joyce Cary
England
Novel
 
James M. Cain
United States
Novel
1943
The Fountainhead
Ayn Rand
United States
Novel
1944
Our Lady of the Flowers
Jean Genet
France
Novel
 
The Horse's Mouth
Joyce Cary
England
Novel
1945
The Tin Flute
Gabrielle Roy
Canada
Novel
 
Loving
Henry Green
England
Novel
 
The Pursuit of Love
Nancy Mitford
England
Novel
 
Evelyn Waugh
England
Novel
 
The Age of Reason
Jean-Paul Sartre
France
Novel
 
The Glass Bead Game
Herman Hesse
Germany
Novel
 
Black Boy
Richard Wright
United States
Novel
1946
Titus Groan
Mervyn Peake
England
Novel
 
Zorba the Greek
Nikos Kazantzakis
Greece
Novel
 
Mr. President
Miguel Angel Asturias
Guatemala
Novel
 
All the King's Men
Robert Penn Warren
United States
Novel
 
Bridge on the Drina
Ivo Andric
Yugoslavia
Novel
1947
Who Has Seen the Wind?
W.O. Mitchell
Canada
Novel
 
Eustace and Hilda
L.P. Hartley
England
Novel
 
Under the Volcano
Malcolm Lowry
England
Novel
 
Froth on the Daydream
Boris Vian
France
Novel
 
Snow Country
Yasunari Kawabata
Japan
Novel
1948
Cry, the Beloved Country
Alan Paton
South Africa
Novel
 
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1949
The Kingdom of This World
Alejo Carpentier
Cuba
Novel
 
The Second Sex
Simone de Beauvoir
France
Novel
 
Men of Maize
Miguel Angel Asturias
Guatemala
Novel
 
The Man With the Golden Arm
Nelson Algren
United States
Novel
 
The Sheltering Sky
Paul Bowles
United States
Novel
 
Shane
Jack Schaefer
United States
Novel
1950
Canada
Novel
 
C.S. Lewis
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Strangers on a Train
Patricia Highsmith
United States
Novel

Back to top

1951
Memoirs of Hadrian
Marguerite Yourcenar
Belgium
Novel
 
The Day of the Triffids
John Wyndham
England
Novel
 
The End of the Affair
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
Malone Dies
Samuel Beckett
Ireland
Novel
 
The Daughter of Time
Josephine Tey
Scotland
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
From Here to Eternity
James Jones
United States
Novel
 
Spartacus
Howard Fast
United States
Novel
1951–1975
A Dance to the Music of Time
Anthony Powell
England
Novel cycle
1952
A Many-Splendoured Thing
Han Suyin
China
Novel
 
The Palm-Wine Drunkard
Amos Tutuola
Nigeria
Novel
 
Invisible Man
Ralph Ellison
United States
Novel
 
Wise Blood
Flannery O'Connor
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Charlotte's Web
E.B. White
United States
Novel
1953
Childhood's End
Arthur C. Clarke
England
Novel
 
The Go-Between
L.P. Hartley
England
Novel
 
The Adventures of Augie March
Saul Bellow
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1954
Lucky Jim
Kingsley Amis
England
Novel
 
Lord of the Flies
William Golding
England
Novel
 
Under the Net
Iris Murdoch
England
Novel
 
The Mandarins
Simone de Beauvoir
France
Novel
 
Go Tell It on the Mountain
James Baldwin
United States
Novel
1954–1955
Lord of the Rings
J.R.R. Tolkien
England
Novel
1955
Judith Hearne
Brian Moore
Canada
Novel
 
The Chrysalids
John Wyndham
England
Novel
 
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
Pedro Paramo
Juan Rulfo
Mexico
Novel
 
Vladimir Nabokov
Russia
Novel
 
The Recognitions
William Gaddis
United States
Novel
 
The Ginger Man
J.P. Donleavy
United States
Novel
 
The Talented Mr. Ripley
Patricia Highsmith
United States
Novel
1956
The Devil to Pay in the Backlands
João Guimarães Rosa
Brazil
Novel
 
The Stars My Destination
Alfred Bester
United States
Novel
 
Giovanni's Room
James Baldwin
United States
Novel
1956–1957
The Cairo Trilogy
Naguib Mahfouz
Egypt
Novel
1957
Voss
Patrick White
Australia
Novel
 
Room at the Top
John Braine
England
Novel
 
Justine
Laurence Durrell
England
Novel
 
From Russia With Love
Ian Fleming
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Jealousy
Alain Robbe-Grillet
France
Novel
 
Doctor Zhivago
Boris Pasternak
Russia
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
The Wapshot Chronicle
John Cheever
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Atlas Shrugged
Ayn Rand
United States
Novel
1958
Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon
Jorge Amado
Brazil
Novel
 
The Leopard
Giusseppe Tomasi de Lampedusa
Italy
Novel
 
Things Fall Apart
Chinua Achebe
Nigeria
Novel
 
The Once and Future King
T.H. White
England
Novel
 
Saturday Night and Sunday Morning
Alan Sillitoe
England
Novel
1959
The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz
Mordecai Richler
Canada
Novel
 
Cider With Rosie
Laurie Lee
England
Novel
 
The Golden Notebook
Doris Lessing
England
Novel
 
The Tin Drum
Günter Grass
Germany
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Naked Lunch
William S. Burroughs
United States
Novel
 
Henderson the Rain King
Saul Bellow
United States
Novel
1960
A Canticle for Leibowitz
Walter M. Miller
United States
Novel
 
Rabbit, Run
John Updike
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1961
On Heroes and Tombs
Ernesto Sabato
Argentina
Novel
 
The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie
Muriel Spark
England
Novel
 
Solaris
Stanislaw Lem
Poland
Novel
 
A House for Mr Biswas
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad
Novel
 
Joseph Heller
United States
Novel
 
The Moviegoer
Walker Percy
United States
Novel
 
Franny and Zooey
J.D. Salinger
United States
Novel
 
Revolutionary Road
Richard Yates
United States
Novel
1962
The Green House
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru
Novel
 
The Death of Artemio Cruz
Carlos Fuentes
Mexico
Novel
 
Pale Fire
Vladimir Nabokov
Russia
Novel
 
A Clockwork Orange
Anthony Burgess
England
Novel
 
The Reivers
William Faulkner
United States
Novel
 
Ship of Fools
Katherine Anne Porter
United States
Novel
 
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
Ken Kesey
United States
Novel
1963
The General of the Dead Aarmy
Ismail Kadare
Albania
Novel
 
Hopscotch
Julio Cortazar
Argentina
Novel
 
The Spy Who Came in from the Cold
John le Carré
England
Novel
 
The Clown
Heinrich Boll
Germany
Novel
 
Another Country
James Baldwin
United States
Novel
 
Cat's Cradle
Kurt Vonnegut
United States
Novel
 
Arrow of God
Chinua Achebe
Nigeria
Novel
 
Herzog
Saul Bellow
United States
Novel
1965
Frank Herbert
United States
Novel
1966
Canada
Novel
 
A Jest of God
Canada
Novel
 
The Magus
John Fowles
England
Novel
 
Black Sheep
Georgette Heyer
England
Novel
 
Wide Sargasso Sea
Jean Rhys
England
Novel
 
J.G. Ballard
England
Novel
 
Season of Migration to the North
Tayeb Salih
Sudan
Novel
 
Giles Goat-Boy
John Barth
United States
Novel
 
In Cold Blood
Truman Capote
United States
Novel
 
Flowers for Algernon
Daniel Keyes
United States
Novel
 
The Fixer
Bernard Malamud
United States
Novel
1967
One Hundred Years of Solitude
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia
Novel
 
Children of Gebelawi
Naguib Mahfouz
Egypt
Novel
 
The Silent Cry
Oe Kenzaburo
Japan
Novel
 
The Master and Margarita
Mikhail Bulgakov
Russia
Novel
 
The Chosen
Chaim Potok
United States
Novel
 
The Confessions of Nat Turner
William Styron
United States
Novel
 
Camp Concentration
Thomas Disch
United States
Novel
1968
2001: A Space Odyssey
Arthur C. Clarke
England
Novel
 
Cancer Ward
Alexander Solzhenitsyn
Russia
Novel
 
The First Circle
Alexander Solzhenitsyn
Russia
Novel
 
Belle du Seigneur
Albert Cohen
Switzerland
Novel
 
Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Myra Breckinridge
Gore Vidal
United States
Novel
1969
Little Painted Mouths
Manuel Puig
Argentina
Novel
 
John Fowles
England
Novel
 
Master and Commander
Patrick O'Brian
England
Novel
 
Slaughterhouse Five
Kurt Vonnegut
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
them
Joyce Carol Oates
United States
Novel
 
The Godfather
Mario Puzo
United States
Novel
1970
Fifth Business
Robertson Davies
Canada
Novel
 
Kamouraska
Anne Hébert
Canada
Novel
 
Deliverance
James Dickey
United States
Novel
 
Ringworld
Larry Niven
United States
Novel
1971
The Day of the Jackal
Frederick Forsyth
England
Novel
 
In a Free State
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad
Novel
 
The Bell Jar
Sylvia Plath
United States
Novel
 
Angle of Repose
Wallace Stegner
United States
Novel
 
Rabbit Redux
John Updike
United States
Novel
1972
Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas
Hunter S. Thompson
United States
Novel
 
The Sunlight Dialogues
John Gardner
United States
Novel
1973
Gravity's Rainbow
Thomas Pynchon
United States
Novel
1974
Canada
Novel
 
Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy
John le Carré
England
Novel
 
The Lost Honour of Katharina Blum
Heinrich Boll
Germany
Novel
 
The Conservationist
Nadine Gordimer
South Africa
Novel
 
The Black Prince
Iris Murdoch
England
Novel
 
The Dispossessed
United States
Novel
1975
Correction
Thomas Bernhard
Austria
Novel
 
Ragtime
E.L. Doctorow
United States
Novel
1976
Roots: The Saga of an American Family
Alex Haley
United States
Novel
1977
The Wars
Timothy Findley
Canada
Novel
 
Aunt Julia and the Script-Writer
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru
Novel
 
Song of Solomon
Toni Morrison
United States
Novel
1978
The Sea, the Sea
Iris Murdoch
England
Novel
 
Life a User's Manual
Georges Perecs
France
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
The Dark Tower: The Gunslinger
Stephen King
United States
Novel
 
If on a Winter's Night a Traveller
Italo Calvino
Italy
Novel
 
A Bend in the River
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad
Novel
 
Burgher's Daughter
Nadine Gordimer
South Africa
Novel
 
The Executioner's Song
United States
Novel
 
The Ghost Writer
United States
Novel
 
Sophie's Choice
William Styron
United States
Novel
1980
The Name of the Rose
Umberto Eco
Italy
Novel
 
So Long a Letter
Miriam Bâ
Senegal
Novel
 
Waiting for the Barbarians
J.M. Coetzee
South Africa
Novel
1981
Obasan
Joy Kogawa
Canada
Novel
 
The White Hotel
D.M. Thomas
England
Novel
 
Midnight's Children
Salman Rushdie
India
Novel
 
Red Dragon
Thomas Harris
United States
Novel
 
Rabbit Is Rich
John Updike
United States
Novel
1982
Schindler's List
Thomas Keneally
Australia
Novel
 
Shoeless Joe
W.P. Kinsella
Canada
Novel
 
The House of Spirits
Isabel Allende
Chile
Novel
 
The Color Purple
Alice Walker
United States
Novel
1983
The Life and Times of Michael K
J.M. Coetzee
South Africa
Novel
 
Ironweed
William Kennedy
United States
Novel
 
LaBrava
Elmore Leonard
United States
Novel
1984
Neuromancer
William Gibson
Canada
Novel
 
The Unbearable Lightness of Being
Milan Kundera
Czech.
Novel
 
Money
Martin Amis
England
Novel
 
J.G. Ballard
England
Novel
 
Hotel du Lac
Anita Brookner
England
Novel
 
Bright Lights, Big City
Jay McInerney
United States
Novel
 
Foreign Affairs
Alison Lurie
United States
Novel
1985
Black Robe
Brian Moore
Canada
Novel
 
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia
Novel
 
Perfume: The Story of a Murderer
Patrick Suskind
Germany
Novel
 
City of Glass
Paul Auster
United States
Novel
 
White Noise
Don DeLillo
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Blood Meridian
Cormac McCarthy
United States
Novel
 
Lonesome Dove
Larry McMurtry
United States
Novel
 
The Accidental Tourist
Anne Tyler
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1986
A Dark-Adopted Eye
Barbara Vine
England
Novel
 
An Artist of the Floating World
Kazuo Ishiguro
England
Novel
 
Matigari
Ngugi Wa Thiong'o
Kenya
Novel
1986–1987
Red Sorghum
Mo Yan
China
Novel
1987
The Stone Diaries
Carol Shields
Canada
Novel
 
In the Skin of a Lion
Michael Ondaatje
Canada
Novel
 
The Radiant Way
Margaret Drabble
England
Novel
 
United States
Novel
 
Misery
Stephen King
United States
Novel
 
Beloved
Toni Morrison
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1988
Oscar and Lucinda
Peter Carey
Australia
Novel
 
The Alchemist
Paulo Coelho
Brazil
Novel
 
The Satanic Verses
Salman Rushdie
India
Novel
 
Kitchen
Banana Yoshimoto
Japan
Novel
 
Freaky Deaky
Elmore Leonard
United States
Novel
 
The Joy Luck Club
Amy Tan
United States
Novel
 
Breathing Lessons
Anne Tyler
United States
Novel
 
Nervous Conditions
Dangarembga Tsitsi
Zimbabwe
Novel
1989
The Remains of the Day
Kazuo Ishiguro
England
Novel
 
London Fields
Martin Amis
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Like Water for Chocolate
Laura Esquivel
Mexico
Novel
 
The Storyteller
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru
Novel
 
A Prayer for Owen Meany
United States
Novel
 
Hyperion
Dan Simmons
United States
Novel
1990
Soul Mountain
Gao Xingjian
China
Novel
 
Possession
A.S. Byatt
England
Novel
 
L.A. Confidential
James Ellroy
United States
Novel
 
Get Shorty
Elmore Leonard
United States
Novel
 
Rabbit at Rest
John Updike
United States
Novel
1991
Generation X
Douglas Coupland
Canada
Novel
 
Pat Barker
England
Novel
 
The Van
Roddy Doyle
Ireland
Novel
 
The Book of Disquiet
Fernando Pessoa
Portugal
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1992
The English Patient
Michael Ondaatje
Canada
Novel
 
The Crow Road
Iain Banks
Scotland
Novel
 
Miss Smilla's Feeling for Snow
Peter Hoeg
Denmark
Novel
 
All the Pretty Horses
Cormac McCarthy
United States
Novel
1993
Away
Jane Urquhart
Canada
Novel
 
Birdsong
Sebastian Faulks
England
Novel
 
Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha
Roddy Doyle
Ireland
Novel
 
Gifts
Nuruddin Farah
Somalia
Novel
 
The Shipping News
Annie Proulx
United States
Novel
1994
Of Love and Shadows
Isabel Allende
Chile
Novel
 
Captain Corelli's Mandolin
Louis de Bernieres
England
Novel
1994–1995
The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle
Haruki Murakami
Canada
Novel
1995
A Fine Balance
Rohinton Mistry
Canada
Novel
 
Northern Lights
Philip Pullman
England
Novels
 
Portugal
Novel
1996
Fall on Your Knees
Ann-Marie MacDonald
Canada
Novel
 
Infinite Jest
David Foster Wallace
United States
Novel
1997
Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
J.K. Rowling
England
Novel
 
The God of Small Things
Arundhati Roy
India
Novel
 
Underworld
Don DeLillo
United States
Novel
 
Mason and Dixon
Thomas Pynchon
United States
Novel
 
American Pastoral
United States
Novel
1998
The Savage Detectives
Roberto Bolaño
Chile
Novel
 
The Hours
Michael Cunningham
United States
Novel
 
A Widow for One Year
United States
Novel
 
The Poisonwood Bible
Barbara Kingsolver
United States
Novel
 
United States
Novel
1999
Barney's Version
Mordecai Richler
Canada
Novel
 
The Life and Times of Michael K
J.M. Coetzee
South Africa
Novel
 
White Teeth
Zadie Smith
England
Novel
 
United States
Novel
2001
True History of the Kelly Gang
Peter Carey
Australia
Novel
 
American Gods
Neil Gaiman
England
Novel
 
Austerlitz
W.G. Sebald
Germany
Novel
 
The Corrections
Jonathan Franzen
United States
Novel
 
Ian McEwan
England
Novel
2002
Life of Pi
Yann Martel
Canada
Novel
 
The Story of Lucy Gault
Ireland
Novel
 
City of the Beasts
Isabel Allende
Chile
Novel
 
Middlesex
Jeffrey Eugenides
United States
Novel
2003
The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time
Mark Haddon
England
Novel
 
The Housekeeper and the Professor
Yoko Ogawa
Japan
Novel
 
The Kite Runner
Khaled Hosseini
United States
Novel
 
The Fortress of Solitude
Jonathan Lethem
United States
Novel
 
The Time Traveler's Wife
Audrey Niffenegger
United States
Novel
 
Vernon God Little
DBC Pierre
United States
Novel
2004
2666
Roberto Bolaño
Chile
Novel
 
Jonathan Strange & Mr. Norrell
Susanna Clarke
England
Novel
 
Suite française
Irène Némirovsky
France
Novels
 
Gilead
Marilynne Robinson
United States
Novel
2005
The Book Thief
Markus Zusak
Australia
Novel
 
Never Let Me Go
Kazuo Ishiguro
England
Novel
 
Stieg Larsson
Sweden
Novel
 
The History of Love
Nicole Krauss
United States
Novel
2006
Half of a Yellow Sun
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
Nigeria
Novel
 
The Road
Cormac McCarthy
United States
Novel
2007
The Yiddish Policemen's Union
Michael Chabon
United States
Novel
 
The Great Man
Kate Christenson
United States
Novel
 
The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao
Junot Díaz
United States
Novel
 
A Thousand Splendid Suns
Khaled Hosseini
United States
Novel
2009
Wolf Hall
Hilary Mantel
England
Novel
2010
Freedom
Jonathan Franzen
United States
Novel
2013
Americanah
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
Nigeria
Novel
2015
The Fifth Season
Nora K. Jemisin
United States
Novel

 
How works were selected | What columns mean