Early Twentieth-Century Literature

1901 to 1950 CE
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1901
The Broken Nest
Rabindranath Tagore
Bengal
Novella
 
Kim
Rudyard Kipling
England
Novel
 
Germany
Novel
 
The Three Sisters
Anton Chekhov
Russia
Drama
 
Resurrection
Leo Tolstoy
Russia
Novel
1902
England
Novella
 
The Wings of the Dove
Henry James
USA
Novel
1903
The Cherry Orchard
Anton Chekhov
Russia
Drama
 
Man and Superman
George Bernard Shaw
Ireland
Drama
 
The Riddle of the Sands
Erskine Childers
England
Novel
 
The Ambassadors
Henry James
USA
Novel
 
The Call of the Wild
Jack London
USA
Novel
1904
Riders to the Sea
John Millington Synge
Ireland
Drama
 
Nostromo
Poland
Novel
 
The Golden Bowl
Henry James
USA
Novel
 
The Sea Wolfe
Jack London
USA
Novel
 
Cabbages and Kings
O. Henry
USA
Stories
1905
Songs of Life and Hope
Rubén Darío
Nicaragua
Poetry
 
Major Barbara
George Bernard Shaw
Ireland
Drama
 
The House of Mirth
Edith Wharton
USA
Novel
1906
The Jungle
Upton Sinclair
USA
Novel
1906–1921
England
Novels
1907
Songs of a Sourdough
Robert Service
Canada
Poetry
 
Mother
Maxim Gorky
Russia
Novel
 
The Playboy of the Western World
John Millington Synge
Ireland
Drama
 
The Longest Journey
E.M. Forster
England
Novel
1908
The Old Wives' Tale
Arnold Bennett
England
Novel
 
A Room With a View
E.M. Forster
England
Novel
 
The Wind in the Willows
Kenneth Grahame
England
Novel
 
Tono Bungay
H.G. Wells
England
Novel
1909
Penguin Island
Anatole France
France
Novel
1910
Howards End
E.M. Forster
England
Novel
 
Jean-Christophe
Romain Rolland
France
Novel
 
Ethan Frome
Edith Wharton
USA
Novel
1912
Gitanjali: Song Offerings
Rabindranath Tagore
Bengal
Poetry
 
Germany
Novel
 
The Gods are Athirst
Anatole France
France
Novel
 
Zuleika Dobson
Max Beerbohm
England
Novel
 
Poetical Works
Robert Bridges
England
Poetry
 
Riders of the Purple Sage
Zane Grey
USA
Novel
1913
Le Grand Meaulnes
Alain-Fournier
France
Novel
 
My Childhood
Maxim Gorky
Russia
Memoir
 
Sons and Lovers
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
1913–1927
In Search of Lost Time
Marcel Proust
France
Novels
1914
Platero and I
Juan Ramón Jiménez
Spain
Poetry
 
Ireland
Stories
 
Tarzan of the Apes
Edgar Rice Burroughs
USA
Novel
1914–1917
Golpoguchchho (Bunch of Stories)
Rabindranath Tagore
Bengal
Stories
 
The Good Soldier
Ford Maddox Ford
England
Novel
 
The Rainbow
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
 
Of Human Bondage
W. Somerset Maugham
England
Novel
 
Spoon River Anthology
Edgar Lee Masters
USA
Poetry
1916
France
Novel
 
The Underdogs
Mariano Azuela
Mexico
Novel
 
The Metamorphosis
Franz Kafka
Czech.
Novel
 
Pygmalion
George Bernard Shaw
Ireland
Drama
 
Chicago Poems
Carl Sandburg
USA
Poetry
1917
La Jeune Parque
Paul Valéry
France
Poetry
 
A Cloud in Trousers
Vladimir Mayakovsky
Russia
Poetry
1918
The Breasts of Tiresias
Guillaume Apollinaire
France
Drama
 
Prelude
New Zealand
Story
 
The Twelve
Alexander Blok
Russia
Poetry
 
Poems
Gerard Manley Hopkins
England
Poetry
 
USA
Novel
1919
China
Novella
 
The Moon and Sixpence
W. Somerset Maugham
England
Novel
 
Winesburg, Ohio
Sherwood Anderson
USA
Novel
1920
Poems
Wilfred Owen
England
Poetry
 
Main Street
Sinclair Lewis
USA
Novel
 
A Few Figs from Thistles
Edna St. Vincent Millay
USA
Poetry
 
The Age of Innocence
Edith Wharton
USA
Novel
1920–1923
The Good Soldier Schweik
Jaroslav Hasek
Czech.
Novel
1921
Six Characters in Search of an Author
Luigi Pirandello
Italy
Drama
 
Women in Love
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
 
Poems
Marianne Moore
USA
Poetry
1922
The Kiss of the Leper
Francois Mauriac
France
Novel
 
Ireland
Novel
 
The Worm Ouroboros
E.R. Eddison
England
Novel
 
England
Poetry
 
Babbitt
Sinclair Lewis
USA
Novel
 
The Facade
Edith Sitwell
USA
Novel
1923
Duino Elegies
Rainer Maria Rilke
Germany
Poetry
 
The Confessions of Zeno
Italo Svevo
Italy
Novel
 
Chapayev
Dmitry Furmanov
Russia
Novel
 
Saint Joan
George Bernard Shaw
Ireland
Drama
 
New Hampshire
Robert Frost
USA
Poetry
 
Tulips and Chimneys
e.e. cummings
USA
Poetry
 
Harmonium
Wallace Stevens
USA
Poetry
1924
Juno and the Paycock
Sean O'Casey
Ireland
Drama
 
The Magic Mountain
Germany
Novel
 
A Passage to India
E.M. Forster
England
Novel
 
The Most Dangerous Game
Richard Connell
USA
Story
 
So Big
Edna Ferber
USA
Novel
 
Billy Budd, Foretopman
Herman Melville
USA
Novel
1925
The Trial
Franz Kafka
Czech.
Novel
 
Residence on Earth and Other Poems
Pablo Neruda
Chile
Poetry
 
England
Poetry
 
Parade's End
Ford Maddox Ford
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
An American Tragedy
Theodore Dreiser
USA
Novel
 
USA
Stories
1925–1970
The Cantos
Ezra Pound
USA
Poetry
1926
The Castle
Franz Kafka
Czech.
Novel
 
Orpheus
Jean Cocteau
France
Drama
 
The Counterfeiters
André Gide
France
Novel
 
The Plough and the Stars
Eugene O'Casey
Ireland
Drama
 
Winnie-the-Pooh
A.A. Milne
England
Stories
1927
Jalna
Mazo de la Roche
Canada
Novel
 
Steppenwolf
Herman Hesse
Germany
Novel
 
Elmer Gantry
Sinclair Lewis
USA
Novel
 
The Bridge of San Luis Rey
Thornton Wilder
USA
Novel
 
The Three-Penny Opera
Bertolt Brecht
Germany
Drama
 
Nadja
André Breton
France
Novel
 
And Quiet Flows the Don
Mikhail Sholokov
Russia
Novel
 
Lady Chatterley's Lover
D.H. Lawrence
England
Novel
 
The Tower
W.B. Yeats
Ireland
Poetry
1928–1935
Gypsy Ballads
Federico Garcia Lorca
Spain
Poetry
1929
A High Wind in Jamaica
Richard Hughes
England
Novel
 
Children of the Game
Jean Cocteau
France
Novel
 
Berlin Alexanderplatz
Alfred Döblin
Germany
Novel
 
The Time of Indifference
Alberto Moravia
Italy
Novel
 
The Sound and the Fury
William Faulkner
USA
Novel
 
Look Homeward, Angel
Thomas Wolfe
USA
Novel
1929–1943
Peter the Great
Alexy Tolstoy
Russia
Novel
1930
As I Lay Dying
William Faulkner
USA
Novel
 
The Bridge
Hart Crane
USA
Poetry
1930–1936
USA
John Dos Passos
USA
Novels
1930–1943
The Man Without Qualities
Robert Musil
Austria
Novel
1931
The Family
Pa Chin
China
Novel
 
The Waves
England
Novel
 
Night Flight
Antoine de Saint-Exupery
France
Novel
 
Pearl S. Buck
USA
Novel
 
These 13
William Faulkner
USA
Story
 
At the Mountains of Madness
H.P. Lovecraft
USA
Novel
1932
England
Novel
 
Journey to the End of the Night
Louis-Ferdinand Céline
France
Novel
 
Viper's Tangle
Francois Mauriac
France
Novel
 
The Crime of Inspector Maigret
Georges Simenon
France
Novel
 
Tobacco Road
Erskine Caldwell
USA
Novel
 
Light in August
William Faulkner
USA
Novel
 
Guys and Dolls
Damon Runyan
USA
Stories
1932–1935
The Studs Lonigan Trilogy
James T. Farrell
USA
Novels
1933
Blood Wedding
Federico Garcia Lorca
Spain
Dramas
 
Man's Fate
André Malraux
France
Novel
 
The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas
Gertrude Stein
USA
Novel
 
Miss Lonelyhearts
Nathaniel West
USA
Novel
1933–1951
Le Réel
Louis Aragon
France
Novels
 
Murder on the Orient Express
England
Novel
 
A Handful of Dust
Evelyn Waugh
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Tropic of Cancer
Henry Miller
USA
Novel
1934–1935
Independent People
Halldór Laxness
Iceland
Novel
1935
The Tower of Babels
Elias Canetti
Belgium
Novel
 
China
Stories
 
The Treasure of the Sierra Madre
B. Traven
Mexico
Novel
 
Call It Sleep
Henry Roth
USA
Novel
 
Awake and Sing!
Clifford Odets
USA
Drama
1936
Rickshaw Boy
Lao She
China
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
Absalom, Absalom!
William Faulkner
USA
Novel
 
Gone with the Wind
Margaret Mitchell
USA
Novel
1937
Out of Africa
Isak Dinesen
Denmark
Memoir
 
The Hobbitt
J.R.R. Tolkien
England
Novel
 
Bread and Wine
Ignazio Silone
Italy
Novel
 
The Red Pony
USA
Stories
1938
Falling of Trees
Gabriela Mistral
Chile
Poetry
 
Rebecca
Daphne du Maurier
England
Novel
 
Brighton Rock
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
Scoop
Evelyn Waugh
England
Novel
 
Nausea
Jean-Paul Sartre
France
Novel
 
The Death of the Heart
Elizabeth Bowen
Ireland
Novel
 
Human Poems
Cesar Vallejo
Peru
Poetry
 
The Fathers
Allen Tate
USA
Novel
 
Our Town
Thornton Wilder
USA
Drama
1939
Mother Courage and Her Children
Bertolt Brecht
Germany
Drama
 
Ireland
Novel
 
At Swim-Two-Birds
Flann O'Brien
Ireland
Novel
 
The Day of the Locust
Nathaniel West
USA
Novel
 
Lillian Hellman
USA
Drama
 
Pale Horse, Pale Rider
Katherine Anne Porter
USA
Stories
1940
The Don Flows Home to the Sea
Mikhail Sholokov
Russia
Novel
 
The Power and the Glory
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
Another Time
W.H. Auden
England
Poetry
 
The Heart is a Lonely Hunter
Carson McCullers
USA
Novel
 
Native Son
Richard Wright
USA
Novel
1941
Blithe Spirit
Noel Coward
England
Drama
 
USA
Story
 
The Secret Life of Walter Mitty
James Thurber
USA
Story
 
A Curtain of Green
Eudora Welty
USA
Stories
 
The Outsider
Albert Camus
Algeria
Novel
 
The Fountainhead
Ayn Rand
USA
Novel
1944
Antigone
Jean Anouilh
France
Drama
 
Our Lady of the Flowers
Jean Genet
France
Novel
 
No Exit
Jean-Paul Sartre
France
Drama
 
Fictions
Jorge Luis Borges
Argentina
Stories
 
The Horse's Mouth
Joyce Cary
England
Novel
1945
The Tin Flute
Gabrielle Roy
Canada
Novel
 
Loving
Henry Green
England
Novel
 
England
Novella
 
Evelyn Waugh
England
Novel
 
The Madwoman of Chaillot
Jean Giraudoux
France
Drama
 
The Caucasian Chalk Circle
Bertolt Brecht
Germany
Drama
 
The Glass Bead Game
Herman Hesse
Germany
Novel
 
The Glass Menagerie
Tennessee Williams
USA
Drama
 
Black Boy
Richard Wright
USA
Novel
1945–1949
Roads to Freedom
Jean-Paul Sartre
France
Novels
1946
Zorba the Greek
Nikos Kazantzakis
Greece
Novel
 
Mr. President
Miguel Angel Asturias
Guatemala
Novel
 
Lord Weary's Castle
Robert Lowell
USA
Poetry
 
The Iceman Cometh
Eugene O'Neill
USA
Drama
 
All the King's Men
Robert Penn Warren
USA
Novel
 
Fern Hill
Dylan Thomas
Wales
Poem
 
Bridge on the Drina
Ivo Andric
Yugoslavia
Novel
1946–1958
Paterson
William Carlos Williams
USA
Poetry
1946–1959
Gormenghast
Mervyn Peake
England
Novels
1947
Under the Volcano
Malcolm Lowry
Canada
Novel
 
The Path to the Nest of Spiders
Italo Calvino
Italy
Novel
 
The Age of Anxiety
W.H. Auden
England
Poetry
 
The Maids
Jean Genet
France
Drama
 
Eustace and Hilda
L.P. Hartley
England
Novel
 
Snow Country
Yasunari Kawabata
Japan
Novel
 
A Streetcar Named Desire
Tennessee Williams
USA
Drama
1948
Ring Round the Moon
Jean Anouilh
France
Drama
 
Cry, the Beloved Country
Alan Paton
South Africa
Novel
 
The Heart of the Matter
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
Death Fugue
Paul Célan
Romania
Poem
1949
The Second Sex
Simone de Beauvoir
France
Novel
 
Men of Maize
Miguel Angel Asturias
Guatemala
Novel
 
The Third Man
Graham Greene
England
Novel
 
The Man With the Golden Arm
Nelson Algren
USA
Novel
 
Death of a Salesman
Arthur Miller
USA
Drama
 
The Sheltering Sky
Paul Bowles
USA
Novel
 
Shane
Jack Schaefer
USA
Novel
1950
The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe
C.S. Lewis
England
Novel
 
England
Novel
 
The Martian Chronicles
USA
Stories
 
USA
Stories
 
Come Back, Little Sheba
William Inge
USA
Drama

 
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How works were selected | What columns mean

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The Great Gatsby
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The Sun Also Rises
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The Postman Always Rings Twice
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