The Greatest Literature of All Times, Types and Places

Years of research have culminated in Editor Eric's current list of the world's 999 greatest literary works from 2100 BCE to the twenty-first century CE. Select "The Greatest Works of Literature" on this or any page.

Also, check the lists of the greatest novels, novellas, short stories, and plays—plus the top science fiction, fantasy, and crime or mystery works.

On all lists, you can click links to Eric's more than 500 commentaries on authors, books, translations and adaptations of great literature.

Latest Commentaries

Mon Ami Maigret first edition

The mind games of Maigret

My Friend Maigret is often ranked among the best of Georges Simenon's Inspector Maigret crime works, if not the best. Which is curious because the novel is somewhat of an anomaly—not the usual Maigret. Which, come to think of it, may not be so strange after all. This short novel's differences from all the other short Maigret novels.... My Friend Maigret

Empire of the Sun first edition

A boy's adventures in the furnace

After his post-apocalyptic tales of psychological horror, after his scandalous work on human mangling and perverse sexuality, J.G. Ballard turned to producing his most conventional, biographical and realistic novel in 1984. And it proved to be his most deeply disturbing work yet. Empire of the Sun is not disturbing in the way of superficially shocking.... Empire of the Sun

Quiet American first edition

The romance to end romanticism

Partway through The Sorrows of Young Werther you might wonder if this is actually a parody of romantic stories. Werther's attachment to his beloved Charlotte, Lotte for short, can come across as a ridiculously over-the-top passion. Or so it may appear to a modern reader. What Werther calls a love for all eternity we would.... The Sorrows of Young Werther

Quiet American first edition

The unquiet Brit and the Americans

The biggest obstacle to properly appreciating The Quiet American is getting past Graham Greene's uncanny political prescience. In the 1950s, when Vietnam wasn't yet on the radar for most Western readers, when U.S. foreign policy and military power were still widely seen as forces to make the world safe for democracy.... The Quiet American

Caves of Steel first edition

Murder in the middle

You could say Isaac Asimov always was a mystery writer. His early science fiction works were often light on action as his brainy, talkative characters sought answers to practical questions. Why did that robot act contrary to its programming? Where is that foundation hidden in the galaxy? But the young writer.... The Caves of Steel

Oroonoko first edition

First great story of slavery

Aphra Behn's most famous work might disappoint a reader who has heard it's a staunchly anti-slavery, anti-colonialist or feminist work. One may find Oroonoko is none of those things, at least by modern standards. Behn was a writer in the latter seventeenth-century period known in England as the Restoration, when.... Oroonoko

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Genres and Extras

The greatest SF works of all time

Editor Eric's list of the greatest works of speculative and science fiction—the greatest SF stories and novels published on the planet.

The greatest crime works of all time

Editor Eric's list of the greatest works of crime, mystery and detective fiction—the greatest stories and novels ever published in this popular genre.

Movies for people who love great books

Faithful adaptations or completely different art form? A guide to over 200 films, film series and television productions—from the authentic to the silly—based on the greatest works of literature reviewed on these pages.

The Greatest Canadian Literature

The best novels, drama and poetry from writers in the Great White North, plus commentaries on selected books and Canadian authors.

Toronto Reads

Eric's reviews of Toronto-related books, as published in Streeter and Town Crier community newspapers.
Recent reviews:
Writing Gordon Lightfoot graphic The Hungry Ghosts graphic The Mousehouse Years graphic Take Us to Your Chief graphic The Girl in a Coma graphic No Time to Bury Them graphic DifficultP graphic
Difficult People
No Time to Bury Them
The Girl in a Coma
Take Us to Your Chief
The Mousehouse Years
The Hungry Ghosts
Writing Gordon Lightfoot

Features of Note

How works were selected

Wondering what makes this list of great literature the most accurate and most comprehensive. What makes these books the best? Read Editor Eric's account of how the Greatest Literature of All Time list was researched, created, revised and re-created repeatedly over more than twenty years.

What counts as SF?

The story of science fiction and the long, continuing struggle to define it. How Eric settled on the criterion used for his greatest SF list.

Finding the best translations

Much of what you read in English was not written in English. Does it matter? (Short answer: Yes.) What makes the best translation?

Much ado about Shakespeare

Shakespeare's eyes

He's the greatest of course—at least most people think so. So Eric has a lot of off-beat material about the Bard on this site:

William Shakespeare: What was he really about?

The controversy: Was it Shakespeare who wrote Shakespeare's plays?

The histories: What he wrote—and what really happened

What they've said: Not all writers have thought Shakespeare's the best

And, after all that, the plays are the thing:

HamletHenry IV, Part 1Julius CaesarKing LearMacbethOthelloThe Merchant of VeniceRomeo and JulietThe Tempest